Array::FindLastIndex<T> Method (array<T>, Int32, Int32, Predicate<T>)

Searches for an element that matches the conditions defined by the specified predicate, and returns the zero-based index of the last occurrence within the range of elements in the Array that contains the specified number of elements and ends at the specified index.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
generic<typename T>
static int FindLastIndex(
	array<T>^ array, 
	int startIndex, 
	int count, 
	Predicate<T>^ match
)

Type Parameters

T

The type of the elements of the array.

Parameters

array
Type: array<T>

The one-dimensional, zero-based Array to search.

startIndex
Type: System::Int32

The zero-based starting index of the backward search.

count
Type: System::Int32

The number of elements in the section to search.

match
Type: System::Predicate<T>

The Predicate<T> that defines the conditions of the element to search for.

Return Value

Type: System::Int32
The zero-based index of the last occurrence of an element that matches the conditions defined by match, if found; otherwise, –1.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

array is nullptr.

-or-

match is nullptr.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for array.

-or-

count is less than zero.

-or-

startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in array.

The Array is searched backward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex minus count plus 1, if count is greater than 0.

The Predicate<T> is a delegate to a method that returns true if the object passed to it matches the conditions defined in the delegate. The elements of array are individually passed to the Predicate<T>.

This method is an O(n) operation, where n is count.

The following code example demonstrates all three overloads of the FindLastIndex generic method. An array of strings is created, containing 8 dinosaur names, two of which (at positions 1 and 5) end with "saurus". The code example also defines a search predicate method named EndsWithSaurus, which accepts a string parameter and returns a Boolean value indicating whether the input string ends in "saurus".

The FindLastIndex<T>(array<T>, Predicate<T>) method overload traverses the array backward from the end, passing each element in turn to the EndsWithSaurus method. The search stops when the EndsWithSaurus method returns true for the element at position 5.

NoteNote

In C# and Visual Basic, it is not necessary to create the Predicate<string> delegate (Predicate(Of String) in Visual Basic) explicitly. These languages infer the correct delegate from context and create it automatically.

The FindLastIndex<T>(array<T>, Int32, Predicate<T>) method overload is used to search the array beginning at position 4 and continuing backward to the beginning of the array. It finds the element at position 1. Finally, the FindLastIndex<T>(array<T>, Int32, Int32, Predicate<T>) method overload is used to search the range of three elements beginning at position 4 and working backward (that is, elements 4, 3, and 2). It returns –1 because there are no dinosaur names in that range that end with "saurus".

using namespace System;

// Search predicate returns true if a string ends in "saurus".
bool EndsWithSaurus(String^ s)
{
    if ((s->Length > 5) && 
        (s->Substring(s->Length - 6)->ToLower() == "saurus"))
    {
        return true;
    }
    else
    {
        return false;
    }
};

void main()
{
    array<String^>^ dinosaurs = { "Compsognathus", 
        "Amargasaurus",   "Oviraptor",      "Velociraptor", 
        "Deinonychus",    "Dilophosaurus",  "Gallimimus", 
        "Triceratops" };

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, EndsWithSaurus): {0}", 
        Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, EndsWithSaurus): {0}",
        Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));

    Console::WriteLine("\nArray::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, 3, EndsWithSaurus): {0}",
        Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, 3, gcnew Predicate<String^>(EndsWithSaurus)));
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Compsognathus
Amargasaurus
Oviraptor
Velociraptor
Deinonychus
Dilophosaurus
Gallimimus
Triceratops

Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, EndsWithSaurus): 5

Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, EndsWithSaurus): 1

Array::FindLastIndex(dinosaurs, 4, 3, EndsWithSaurus): -1
 */

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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