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DataView.ToTable Method (String, Boolean, String[])

Creates and returns a new DataTable based on rows in an existing DataView.

Namespace: System.Data
Assembly: System.Data (in system.data.dll)

public DataTable ToTable (
	string tableName,
	bool distinct,
	params string[] columnNames
)
public DataTable ToTable (
	String tableName, 
	boolean distinct, 
	String[] columnNames
)
public function ToTable (
	tableName : String, 
	distinct : boolean, 
	... columnNames : String[]
) : DataTable
Not applicable.

Parameters

tableName

The name of the returned DataTable.

distinct

If true, the returned DataTable contains rows that have distinct values for all its columns. The default value is false.

columnNames

A string array that contains a list of the column names to be included in the returned DataTable. The DataTable contains the specified columns in the order they appear within this array.

Return Value

A new DataTable instance that contains the requested rows and columns.

Use this overloaded version of the ToTable method if you have to retrieve distinct values in a subset of available columns, specifying a new name for the returned DataTable. If you do not need distinct rows or a subset of columns, see ToTable.

The following console application example creates a DataTable, fills the DataTable with data, sorts the DataView, and finally creates a DataTablewith a new name that contains just two columns, limited to rows in which all values are unique.

private static void DemonstrateDataView()
{
    // Create a DataTable with three columns.
    DataTable table = new DataTable("NewTable");
    Console.WriteLine("Original table name: " + table.TableName);
    DataColumn column = new DataColumn("ID", typeof(System.Int32));
    table.Columns.Add(column);

    column = new DataColumn("Category", typeof(System.String));
    table.Columns.Add(column);

    column = new DataColumn("Product", typeof(System.String));
    table.Columns.Add(column);

    column = new DataColumn("QuantityInStock", typeof(System.Int32));
    table.Columns.Add(column);

    // Add some items.
    DataRow row = table.NewRow();
    row.ItemArray = new object[] { 1, "Fruit", "Apple", 14 };
    table.Rows.Add(row);

    row = table.NewRow();
    row.ItemArray = new object[] { 2, "Fruit", "Orange", 27 };
    table.Rows.Add(row);

    row = table.NewRow();
    row.ItemArray = new object[] { 3, "Bread", "Muffin", 23 };
    table.Rows.Add(row);

    row = table.NewRow();
    row.ItemArray = new object[] { 4, "Fish", "Salmon", 12 };
    table.Rows.Add(row);

    row = table.NewRow();
    row.ItemArray = new object[] { 5, "Fish", "Salmon", 15 };
    table.Rows.Add(row);

    row = table.NewRow();
    row.ItemArray = new object[] { 6, "Bread", "Croissant", 23};
    table.Rows.Add(row);

    // Mark all rows as "accepted". Not required
    // for this particular example.
    table.AcceptChanges();

    // Print current table values.
    PrintTableOrView(table, "Current Values in Table");

    DataView view = new DataView(table);
    view.Sort = "Category";
    PrintTableOrView(view, "Current Values in View");

    DataTable newTable = view.ToTable("UniqueData", true, 
        "Category", "QuantityInStock");
    PrintTableOrView(newTable, "Table created from sorted DataView");
    Console.WriteLine("New table name: " + newTable.TableName);

    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.");
    Console.ReadKey();
}

private static void PrintTableOrView(DataView dv, string label)
{
    System.IO.StringWriter sw;
    string output;
    DataTable table = dv.Table;

    Console.WriteLine(label);

    // Loop through each row in the view.
    foreach (DataRowView rowView in dv)
    {
        sw = new System.IO.StringWriter();

        // Loop through each column.
        foreach (DataColumn col in table.Columns)
        {
            // Output the value of each column's data.
            sw.Write(rowView[col.ColumnName].ToString() + ", ");
        }
        output = sw.ToString();
        // Trim off the trailing ", ", so the output looks correct.
        if (output.Length > 2)
        {
            output = output.Substring(0, output.Length - 2);
        }
        // Display the row in the console window.
        Console.WriteLine(output);
    }
    Console.WriteLine();
}

private static void PrintTableOrView(DataTable table, string label)
{
    System.IO.StringWriter sw;
    string output;

    Console.WriteLine(label);

    // Loop through each row in the table.
    foreach (DataRow row in table.Rows)
    {
        sw = new System.IO.StringWriter();
        // Loop through each column.
        foreach (DataColumn col in table.Columns)
        {
            // Output the value of each column's data.
            sw.Write(row[col].ToString() + ", ");
        }
        output = sw.ToString();
        // Trim off the trailing ", ", so the output looks correct.
        if (output.Length > 2)
        {
            output = output.Substring(0, output.Length - 2);
        }
        // Display the row in the console window.
        Console.WriteLine(output);
    } //
    Console.WriteLine();
}

The example displays the following output in the console window:

Original table name: NewTable
Current Values in Table
1, Fruit, Apple, 14
2, Fruit, Orange, 27
3, Bread, Muffin, 23
4, Fish, Salmon, 12
5, Fish, Salmon, 15
6, Bread, Croissant, 23

Current Values in View
3, Bread, Muffin, 23
6, Bread, Croissant, 23
4, Fish, Salmon, 12
5, Fish, Salmon, 15
1, Fruit, Apple, 14
2, Fruit, Orange, 27

Table created from sorted DataView
Bread, 23
Fish, 12
Fish, 15
Fruit, 14
Fruit, 27

New table name: UniqueData

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0
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