Parallel Diagnostic Tools (Concurrency Runtime)

Visual Studio provides extensive support for debugging and profiling multi-threaded applications.

The Visual Studio debugger includes the Parallel Stacks window, Parallel Tasks window, and Parallel Watch window. For more information, see Walkthrough: Debugging a Parallel Application and How to: Use the Parallel Watch Window.

The profiling tools provide three data views that display graphical, tabular and numerical information about how a multi-threaded application interacts with itself and with other programs. The views enable you to quickly identify areas of concern, and to navigate from points on the graphical displays to call stacks, call sites, and source code. For more information, see Concurrency Visualizer.

The Concurrency Runtime uses Event Tracing for Windows (ETW) to notify instrumentation tools, such as profilers, when various events occur. These events include when a scheduler is activated or deactivated, when a context begins, ends, blocks, unblocks, or yields, and when a parallel algorithm begins or ends.

Tools such as the Concurrency Visualizer utilize this functionality; therefore, you typically do not have to work with these events directly. However, these events are useful when you are developing a custom profiler or when you use event tracing tools such as Xperf.

The Concurrency Runtime raises these events only when tracing is enabled. Call the concurrency::EnableTracing function to enable event tracing and the concurrency::DisableTracing function to disable tracing.

The following table describes the events that the runtime raises when event tracing is enabled:

Event

Description

Value

concurrency::ConcRT_ProviderGuid

The ETW provider identifier for the Concurrency Runtime.

f7b697a3-4db5-4d3b-be71-c4d284e6592f

concurrency::ContextEventGuid

Marks events that are related to contexts.

5727a00f-50be-4519-8256-f7699871fecb

concurrency::PPLParallelForEventGuid

Marks the entrance and exit to calls to the concurrency::parallel_for algorithm.

31c8da6b-6165-4042-8b92-949e315f4d84

concurrency::PPLParallelForeachEventGuid

Marks the entrance and exit to calls to the concurrency::parallel_for_each algorithm.

5cb7d785-9d66-465d-bae1-4611061b5434

concurrency::PPLParallelInvokeEventGuid

Marks the entrance and exit to calls to the concurrency::parallel_invoke algorithm.

d1b5b133-ec3d-49f4-98a3-464d1a9e4682

concurrency::SchedulerEventGuid

Marks events that are related to the Task Scheduler.

e2091f8a-1e0a-4731-84a2-0dd57c8a5261

concurrency::VirtualProcessorEventGuid

Marks events that are related to virtual processors.

2f27805f-1676-4ecc-96fa-7eb09d44302f

The Concurrency Runtime defines, but does not currently raise, the following events. The runtime reserves these events for future use:

The concurrency::ConcRT_EventType enumeration specifies the possible operations that an event tracks. For example, at the entrance of the parallel_for algorithm, the runtime raises the PPLParallelForEventGuid event and provides CONCRT_EVENT_START as the operation. Before the parallel_for algorithm returns, the runtime again raises the PPLParallelForEventGuid event and provides CONCRT_EVENT_END as the operation.

The following example illustrates how to enable tracing for a call to parallel_for. The runtime does not trace the first call to parallel_for because tracing it not enabled. The call to EnableTracing enables the runtime to trace the second call to parallel_for.

// etw.cpp 
// compile with: /EHsc 
#include <ppl.h>

using namespace concurrency;

int wmain()
{
   // Perform some parallel work.  
   // Event tracing is disabled at this point.
   parallel_for(0, 10000, [](int i) {
      // TODO: Perform work.
   });

   // Enable tracing for a second call to parallel_for.
   EnableTracing();
   parallel_for(0, 10000, [](int i) {
      // TODO: Perform work.
   });   
   DisableTracing();
}

The runtime tracks the number of times that you call EnableTracing and DisableTracing. Therefore, if you call EnableTracing multiple times, you must call DisableTracing the same number of times in order to disable tracing.

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