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Assignments, Workflow, and Planning (CMMI)

Visual Studio 2010

You track the assignment, progress, and priority of all types of work items by using the fields that are grouped under Status on the work item form.

Most work items move from the Proposed state to Active, Resolved, and then Closed. Test Cases move from the Design state to Closed. As each work item moves from one state to another, the item might also be reassigned to various members of the team. For example, a tester might create a Bug that is assigned to another team member during triage. When the other team member resolves the Bug, it is reassigned to the tester who created it.

You use planning, ranking, and priority fields to specify which work the team should complete first. If you rank Requirements, Tasks, Bugs, and Issues, all team members gain an understanding of the relative importance of the work that they must accomplish. You can use ranking and priority fields to build several reports.

You rank and prioritize work items when you review the backlog for a product or an iteration. For more information, see Workbooks (CMMI).

In this topic

The Assigned To and State fields are tracked for each type of work item that is provided with the process template for Microsoft Solutions Framework (MSF) for CMMI Process Improvement v5.0. The Reason field is tracked for all types of work items except for test cases and shared steps.

The following table describes the fields that track assignments and workflow progress. For information about data types and default field attributes, see Working with Work Item Fields.

Field name

Description

Reference name

Data type

Default value of the reportable type attribute

Default value of the index attribute

Assigned To

Specifies the name of the team member who currently owns the work item.

System.AssignedTo

String

Dimension

True

Blocked

Indicates whether a team member is prevented from making progress toward implementing a requirement or task or resolving a bug, change request, or risk. If an issue has been opened to track a blocking problem, a link should be made to the issue.

You can specify Yes or No.

Microsoft.VSTS.CMMI.Blocked

String

Dimension

False

Committed

Indicates whether the requirement is committed in the project or not. You can specify Yes or No.

NoteNote
You can specify this field only for requirements.

Microsoft.VSTS.CMMI.Committed

String

None

False

Escalate

Indicates whether the issue is affecting the critical path of the project plan. You can specify Yes or No.

NoteNote
You can specify this field only for issues.

Microsoft.VSTS.CMMI.Escalate

String

None

False

Priority

Specifies a subjective rating of the work item as it relates to the business. You can specify one of the following values:

  • 1:  Product cannot ship without the successful resolution of the work item, and it should be addressed as soon as possible.

  • 2:  Product cannot ship without the successful resolution of the work item, but it does not need to be addressed immediately.

  • 3:  Resolution of the work item is optional based on resources, time, and risk.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.Priority

Integer

Dimension

False

Probability

Specifies the probability that the risk will occur, as a number between 1 and 99. A higher number indicates a higher probability that the risk will occur.

NoteNote
You can specify this field only for risks.

Microsoft.VSTS.CMMI.Probability

Integer

None

False

Reason

Identifies why the work item is in the current state. The valid values for this field are specific to both the state and the type of work item.

This field is not tracked for test cases or shared steps.

System.Reason

String

Dimension

True

Resolved Reason

Records why the work item was resolved. For example, the bug was closed because it was fixed.

This field is read-only. It is tracked for all types of work items but appears only on the form for bugs.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.ResolvedReason

String

Dimension

False

Severity

Specifies a subjective rating of the customer impact of a bug, issue, or risk. You can specify one of the following values:

  • 1 - Critical

  • 2 - High

  • 3 - Medium

  • 4 - Low

NoteNote
You can specify this field only for bugs, issues, and risks.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.Severity

String

Dimension

False

State

Tracks the current state of the work item. The valid values for this field are specific to each type of work item.

For more information about workflow transitions for each type of work item, see one of the following topics:

System.State

String

Dimension

True

Triage

Indicates the type of triage decision that is pending for the work item. You use this field when the work item is in the Proposed state.

You can specify one of the following values:

  • Pending (default)

  • More Info

  • Info Received

  • Triaged

NoteNote
You can specify this field only for requirements, tasks, change requests, bugs, and issues.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.Triage

String

Dimension

False

The following table indicates which data fields you can specify for each type of work item that is provided with the process template for Microsoft Solutions Framework (MSF) for CMMI Process Improvement v5.0.

Field Name

Requirement

Task

Bug

Change Request

Issue

Risk

Assigned To

check markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck mark

Blocked

check markcheck markcheck markcheck markNot supportedcheck mark

Committed

check markNot supportedNot supportedNot supportedNot supportedNot supported

Escalate

Not supportedNot supportedNot supportedNot supportedcheck markNot supported

Priority

check markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck mark

Probability

Not supportedNot supportedNot supportedNot supportedNot supportedcheck mark

Stack Rank

check markcheck markcheck markNot supportedNot supportedcheck mark

Reason

check markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck mark

Resolved Reason

check markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck mark

Severity

Not supportedNot supportedcheck markNot supportedcheck markcheck mark

State

check markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck mark

Triage

check markcheck markcheck markcheck markcheck markNot supported

Additional fields are populated with information as a work item progresses from one state to another. These fields do not appear on the work item form, but they are tracked for each type of work item as the following table indicates. You can use these fields to filter queries and create reports.

The following table describes the fields that track information about the most recent time when a team member changed the state of a work item.

Field name

Description

Reference name

Data type

Default value of the reportable type attribute

Default value of the index attribute

Activated By

Specifies the name of the team member who activated or reactivated the work item.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.ActivatedBy

String

Dimension

False

Activated Date

Specifies the date and time when the work item was activated or reactivated.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.ActivatedDate

DateTime

Dimension

False

Closed By

Specifies the name of the team member who closed the work item.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.ClosedBy

String

Dimension

False

Closed Date

Specifies the date and time when a work item was closed.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.ClosedDate

DateTime

Dimension

False

Created By

Specifies the name of the team member who created the work item.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.CreatedBy

String

Dimension

False

Created Date

Specifies the date and time when a work item was created.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.CreatedDate

DateTime

Dimension

False

Resolved By

Specifies the name of the team member who resolved the work item.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.ResolvedBy

String

Dimension

False

Resolved Date

Specifies the date and time when the work item was resolved.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.ResolvedDate

DateTime

Dimension

False

Stack Rank

A subjective rating of the bug, risk, requirement, or task compared to other work items of the same type. An item that is assigned a lower number should be addressed before an item that is assigned a higher number.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.StackRank

Double

Dimension

False

State Change Date

Specifies the date and time when the value of the State field changed.

Microsoft.VSTS.Common.StateChangeDate

DateTime

None

False

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