ADO.NET Code Examples

The code listings in this topic demonstrate how to retrieve data from a database by using the following ADO.NET technologies:

The following code listings demonstrate how to retrieve data from a database using ADO.NET data providers. The data is returned in a DataReader. For more information, see Retrieving Data Using a DataReader.

The code in this example assumes that you can connect to the Northwind sample database on Microsoft SQL Server. The code creates a SqlCommand to select rows from the Products table, adding a SqlParameter to restrict the results to rows with a UnitPrice greater than the specified parameter value, in this case 5. The SqlConnection is opened inside of a using block, which ensures that resources are closed and disposed when the code exits. The code executes the command by using a SqlDataReader, and displays the results in the console window.  

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString =
            "Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=Northwind;"
            + "Integrated Security=true";

        // Provide the query string with a parameter placeholder. 
        string queryString =
            "SELECT ProductID, UnitPrice, ProductName from dbo.products "
                + "WHERE UnitPrice > @pricePoint "
                + "ORDER BY UnitPrice DESC;";

        // Specify the parameter value. 
        int paramValue = 5;

        // Create and open the connection in a using block. This 
        // ensures that all resources will be closed and disposed 
        // when the code exits. 
        using (SqlConnection connection =
            new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            // Create the Command and Parameter objects.
            SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(queryString, connection);
            command.Parameters.AddWithValue("@pricePoint", paramValue);

            // Open the connection in a try/catch block.  
            // Create and execute the DataReader, writing the result 
            // set to the console window. 
            try
            {
                connection.Open();
                SqlDataReader reader = command.ExecuteReader();
                while (reader.Read())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t{0}\t{1}\t{2}",
                        reader[0], reader[1], reader[2]);
                }
                reader.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            }
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

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The code in this example assumes that you can connect to the Microsoft Access Northwind sample database. The code creates a OleDbCommand to select rows from the Products table, adding a OleDbParameter to restrict the results to rows with a UnitPrice greater than the specified parameter value, in this case 5. The OleDbConnection is opened inside of a using block, which ensures that resources are closed and disposed when the code exits. The code executes the command by using a OleDbDataReader, and displays the results in the console window.

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OleDb;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        // The connection string assumes that the Access  
        // Northwind.mdb is located in the c:\Data folder. 
        string connectionString =
        "Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source="
            + "c:\\Data\\Northwind.mdb;User Id=admin;Password=;";

        // Provide the query string with a parameter placeholder. 
        string queryString =
            "SELECT ProductID, UnitPrice, ProductName from products "
                + "WHERE UnitPrice > ? "
                + "ORDER BY UnitPrice DESC;";

        // Specify the parameter value. 
        int paramValue = 5;

        // Create and open the connection in a using block. This 
        // ensures that all resources will be closed and disposed 
        // when the code exits. 
        using (OleDbConnection connection =
            new OleDbConnection(connectionString))
        {
            // Create the Command and Parameter objects.
            OleDbCommand command = new OleDbCommand(queryString, connection);
            command.Parameters.AddWithValue("@pricePoint", paramValue);

            // Open the connection in a try/catch block.  
            // Create and execute the DataReader, writing the result 
            // set to the console window. 
            try
            {
                connection.Open();
                OleDbDataReader reader = command.ExecuteReader();
                while (reader.Read())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t{0}\t{1}\t{2}",
                        reader[0], reader[1], reader[2]);
                }
                reader.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            }
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

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The code in this example assumes that you can connect to the Microsoft Access Northwind sample database. The code creates a OdbcCommand to select rows from the Products table, adding a OdbcParameter to restrict the results to rows with a UnitPrice greater than the specified parameter value, in this case 5. The OdbcConnection is opened inside of a using block, which ensures that resources are closed and disposed when the code exits. The executes the command by using a OdbcDataReader, and displays the results in the console window.

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.Odbc;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        // The connection string assumes that the Access  
        // Northwind.mdb is located in the c:\Data folder. 
        string connectionString =
            "Driver={Microsoft Access Driver (*.mdb)};"
            + "Dbq=c:\\Data\\Northwind.mdb;Uid=Admin;Pwd=;";

        // Provide the query string with a parameter placeholder. 
        string queryString =
            "SELECT ProductID, UnitPrice, ProductName from products "
                + "WHERE UnitPrice > ? "
                + "ORDER BY UnitPrice DESC;";

        // Specify the parameter value. 
        int paramValue = 5;

        // Create and open the connection in a using block. This 
        // ensures that all resources will be closed and disposed 
        // when the code exits. 
        using (OdbcConnection connection =
            new OdbcConnection(connectionString))
        {
            // Create the Command and Parameter objects.
            OdbcCommand command = new OdbcCommand(queryString, connection);
            command.Parameters.AddWithValue("@pricePoint", paramValue);

            // Open the connection in a try/catch block.  
            // Create and execute the DataReader, writing the result 
            // set to the console window. 
            try
            {
                connection.Open();
                OdbcDataReader reader = command.ExecuteReader();
                while (reader.Read())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t{0}\t{1}\t{2}",
                        reader[0], reader[1], reader[2]);
                }
                reader.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            }
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

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The code in this example assumes a connection to DEMO.CUSTOMER on an Oracle server. You must also add a reference to the System.Data.OracleClient.dll. The code returns the data in an OracleDataReader.

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OracleClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = 
            "Data Source=ThisOracleServer;Integrated Security=yes;";
        string queryString =
            "SELECT CUSTOMER_ID, NAME FROM DEMO.CUSTOMER";
        using (OracleConnection connection =
                   new OracleConnection(connectionString))
        {
            OracleCommand command = connection.CreateCommand();
            command.CommandText = queryString;

            try
            {
                connection.Open();

                OracleDataReader reader = command.ExecuteReader();

                while (reader.Read())
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t{0}\t{1}",
                        reader[0], reader[1]);
                }
                reader.Close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

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The following code listings demonstrate how to retrieve data from a data source by querying entities in an Entity Data Model (EDM). These examples use the Northwind model. For more information, see Entity Framework Overview.

The code in this example uses a LINQ query to return data as Categories objects, which are projected as an anonymous type that contains only the CategoryID and CategoryName properties. For more information, see LINQ to Entities Overview.

Option Explicit On
Option Strict On

Imports System
Imports System.Linq
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports NorthwindModel

Class LinqSample
    Public Shared Sub ExecuteQuery()
        Using context As NorthwindEntities = New NorthwindEntities()
            Try
                Dim query = From category In context.Categories _
                            Select New With _
                            { _
                                .categoryID = category.CategoryID, _
                                .categoryName = category.CategoryName _
                            }

                For Each categoryInfo In query
                    Console.WriteLine(vbTab & "{0}" & vbTab & "{1}", _
                        categoryInfo.categoryID, categoryInfo.categoryName)
                Next
            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
            End Try
        End Using
    End Sub
End Class

In C#:

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Data.Objects;
using NorthwindModel;

class LinqSample
{
    public static void ExecuteQuery()
    {
        using (NorthwindEntities context = new NorthwindEntities())
        {
            try
            {
                var query = from category in context.Categories
                            select new
                            {
                                categoryID = category.CategoryID,
                                categoryName = category.CategoryName
                            };

                foreach (var categoryInfo in query)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\t{0}\t{1}",
                        categoryInfo.categoryID, categoryInfo.categoryName);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

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The code in this example uses an ObjectQuery<T> to return data as Categories objects. For more information, see Object Queries (Entity Framework).

Option Explicit On
Option Strict On

Imports System
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports NorthwindModel

Class ObjectQuerySample
    Public Shared Sub ExecuteQuery()
        Using context As NorthwindEntities = New NorthwindEntities()
            Dim categoryQuery As ObjectQuery(Of Categories) = context.Categories

            For Each category As Categories In _
                categoryQuery.Execute(MergeOption.AppendOnly)
                Console.WriteLine(vbTab & "{0}" & vbTab & "{1}", _
                    category.CategoryID, category.CategoryName)
            Next
        End Using
    End Sub
End Class

In C#:

using System;
using System.Data.Objects;
using NorthwindModel;

class ObjectQuerySample
{
    public static void ExecuteQuery()
    {
        using (NorthwindEntities context = new NorthwindEntities())
        {
            ObjectQuery<Categories> categoryQuery = context.Categories;

            foreach (Categories category in 
                categoryQuery.Execute(MergeOption.AppendOnly))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("\t{0}\t{1}",
                    category.CategoryID, category.CategoryName);
            }
        }
    }
}

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The code in this example uses an EntityCommand to execute an Entity SQL query. This query returns a list of records that represent instances of the Categories entity type. An EntityDataReader is used to access data records in the result set. For more information, see EntityClient Provider for the Entity Framework.

Option Explicit On
Option Strict On

Imports System
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.Common
Imports System.Data.EntityClient
Imports NorthwindModel

Class EntityClientSample
    Public Shared Sub ExecuteQuery()
        Dim queryString As String = _
            "SELECT c.CategoryID, c.CategoryName " & _
                "FROM NorthwindEntities.Categories AS c"

        Using conn As EntityConnection = _
            New EntityConnection("name=NorthwindEntities")

            Try
                conn.Open()
                Using query As EntityCommand = _
                New EntityCommand(queryString, conn)
                    Using rdr As DbDataReader = _
                        query.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess)
                        While rdr.Read()
                            Console.WriteLine(vbTab & "{0}" & vbTab & "{1}", _
                                              rdr(0), rdr(1))
                        End While
                    End Using
                End Using
            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
            End Try
        End Using 
    End Sub
End Class

In C#"

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.Common;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using NorthwindModel;

class EntityClientSample
{
    public static void ExecuteQuery()
    {
        string queryString =
            @"SELECT c.CategoryID, c.CategoryName 
                FROM NorthwindEntities.Categories AS c";

        using (EntityConnection conn =
            new EntityConnection("name=NorthwindEntities"))
        {
            try
            {
                conn.Open();
                using (EntityCommand query = new EntityCommand(queryString, conn))
                {
                    using (DbDataReader rdr = 
                        query.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.SequentialAccess))
                    {
                        while (rdr.Read())
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine("\t{0}\t{1}", rdr[0], rdr[1]);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            }
        }
    }
}

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The code in this example uses a LINQ query to return data as Categories objects, which are projected as an anonymous type that contains only the CategoryID and CategoryName properties. This example is based on the Northwind data context. For more information, see Getting Started [from BPUEDev11].

Option Explicit On
Option Strict On

Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Linq
Imports System.Text
Imports Northwind

Class LinqSqlSample
    Public Shared Sub ExecuteQuery()
        Using db As NorthwindDataContext = New NorthwindDataContext()
            Try
                Dim query = From category In db.Categories _
                                Select New With _
                                { _
                                    .categoryID = category.CategoryID, _
                                    .categoryName = category.CategoryName _
                                }

                For Each categoryInfo In query
                    Console.WriteLine(vbTab & "{0}" & vbTab & "{1}", _
                            categoryInfo.categoryID, categoryInfo.categoryName)
                Next
            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
            End Try
            End Using 
    End Sub
End Class

In C#:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using Northwind;

    class LinqSqlSample
    {
        public static void ExecuteQuery()
        {
            using (NorthwindDataContext db = new NorthwindDataContext())
            {
                try
                {
                    var query = from category in db.Categories
                                select new
                                {
                                    categoryID = category.CategoryID,
                                    categoryName = category.CategoryName
                                };

                    foreach (var categoryInfo in query)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("vbTab {0} vbTab {1}",
                            categoryInfo.categoryID, categoryInfo.categoryName);
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
            }
        }
    }

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