<dependency> Element (ClickOnce Application)

Identifies a platform or assembly dependency that is required for the application.

<dependency> 
   <dependentOS 
      supportURL 
      description 
   > 
      <osVersionInfo> 
         <os 
            majorVersion 
            minorVersion 
            buildNumber 
            servicePackMajor 
            servicePackMinor 
            productType 
            suiteType 
         />  
      </osVersionInfo> 
   </dependentOS> 
   <dependentAssembly 
      dependencyType 
      allowDelayedBinding 
      group 
      codeBase 
      size 
   > 
      <assemblyIdentity 
         name 
         version 
         processorArchitecture 
         language 
      > 
         <hash> 
            <dsig:Transforms> 
               <dsig:Transform 
                  Algorithm 
            /> 
            </dsig:Transforms> 
            <dsig:DigestMethod /> 
            <dsig:DigestValue> 
            </dsig:DigestValue> 
    </hash> 

      </assemblyIdentity> 
   </dependentAssembly> 
</dependency>

The dependency element is required. There may be multiple instances of dependency in the same application manifest.

The dependency element has no attributes, and contains the following child elements.

Optional. Contains the osVersionInfo element. The dependentOS and dependentAssembly elements are mutually exclusive: one or the other must exist for a dependency element, but not both.

dependentOS supports the following attributes.

Attribute

Description

supportUrl

Optional. Specifies a support URL for the dependent platform. This URL is shown to the user if the required platform is found.

description

Optional. Describes, in human-readable form, the operating system described by the dependentOS element.

Required. This element is a child of the dependentOS element and contains the os element. This element has no attributes.

Required. This element is a child of the osVersionInfo element. This element has the following attributes.

Attribute

Description

majorVersion

Required. Specifies the major version number of the OS.

minorVersion

Required. Specifies the minor version number of the OS.

buildNumber

Required. Specifies the build number of the OS.

servicePackMajor

Required. Specifies the service pack major number of the OS.

servicePackMinor

Optional. Specifies the service pack minor number of the OS.

productType

Optional. Identifies the product type value. Valid values are server, workstation, and domainController. For example, for Windows 2000 Professional, this attribute value is workstation.

suiteType

Optional. Identifies a product suite available on the system, or the system's configuration type. Valid values are backoffice, blade, datacenter, enterprise, home, professional, smallbusiness, smallbusinessRestricted, and terminal. For example, for Windows 2000 Professional, this attribute value is professional.

Optional. Contains the assemblyIdentity element. The dependentOS and dependentAssembly elements are mutually exclusive: one or the other must exist for a dependency element, but not both.

dependentAssembly has the following attributes.

Attribute

Description

dependencyType

Required. Specifies the dependency type. Valid values are preprequisite and install. An install assembly is installed as part of the ClickOnce application. A prerequisite assembly must be present in the global assembly cache (GAC) before the ClickOnce application can install.

allowDelayedBinding

Required. Specifies whether the assembly can be loaded programmatically at runtime.

group

Optional. If the dependencyType attribute is set to install, designates a named group of assemblies that only install on demand. For more information, see Walkthrough: Downloading Assemblies on Demand with the ClickOnce Deployment API Using the Designer.

If set to framework and the dependencyType attribute is set to prerequisite, designates the assembly as part of the .NET Framework. The global assemby cache (GAC) is not checked for this assembly when installing on .NET Framework 4 and later versions.

codeBase

Required when the dependencyType attribute is set to install. The path to the dependent assembly. May be either an absolute path, or a path relative to the manifest's code base. This path must be a valid URI in order for the assembly manifest to be valid.

size

Required when the dependencyType attribute is set to install. The size of the dependent assembly, in bytes.

Required. This element is a child of the dependentAssembly element and has the following attributes.

Attribute

Description

name

Required. Identifies the name of the application.

version

Required. Specifies the version number of the application in the following format: major.minor.build.revision

publicKeyToken

Optional. Specifies a 16-character hexadecimal string that represents the last 8 bytes of the SHA-1 hash value of the public key under which the application or assembly is signed. The public key used to sign the catalog must be 2048 bits or more.

processorArchitecture

Optional. Specifies the processor. The valid values are x86 for 32-bit Windows and I64 for 64-bit Windows.

language

Optional. Identifies the two part language codes, such as EN-US, of the assembly.

The hash element is an optional child of the assemblyIdentity element. The hash element has no attributes.

ClickOnce uses an algorithmic hash of all the files in an application as a security check, to ensure that none of the files were changed after deployment. If the hash element is not included, this check will not be performed. Therefore, omitting the hash element is not recommended.

The dsig:Transforms element is a required child of the hash element. The dsig:Transforms element has no attributes.

The dsig:Transform element is a required child of the dsig:Transforms element. The dsig:Transform element has the following attributes.

Attribute

Description

Algorithm

The algorithm used to calculate the digest for this file. Currently the only value used by ClickOnce is urn:schemas-microsoft-com:HashTransforms.Identity.

The dsig:DigestMethod element is a required child of the hash element. The dsig:DigestMethod element has the following attributes.

Attribute

Description

Algorithm

The algorithm used to calculate the digest for this file. Currently the only value used by ClickOnce is http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1.

The dsig:DigestValue element is a required child of the hash element. The dsig:DigestValue element has no attributes. Its text value is the computed hash for the specified file.

All assemblies used by your application must have a corresponding dependency element. Dependent assemblies do not include assemblies that must be preinstalled in the global assembly cache as platform assemblies.

The following code example illustrates dependency elements in a ClickOnce application manifest. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the ClickOnce Application Manifest topic.

  <dependency>
    <dependentOS>
      <osVersionInfo>
        <os 
          majorVersion="4" 
          minorVersion="10" 
          buildNumber="0" 
          servicePackMajor="0" />
      </osVersionInfo>
    </dependentOS>
  </dependency>
  <dependency>
    <dependentAssembly
      dependencyType="preRequisite"
      allowDelayedBinding="true">
      <assemblyIdentity
        name="Microsoft.Windows.CommonLanguageRuntime"
        version="4.0.20506.0" />
    </dependentAssembly>
  </dependency>

  <dependency>
    <dependentAssembly
      dependencyType="install"
      allowDelayedBinding="true"
      codebase="MyApplication.exe"
      size="4096">
      <assemblyIdentity
        name="MyApplication"
        version="1.0.0.0"
        language="neutral"
        processorArchitecture="x86" />
      <hash>
        <dsig:Transforms>
          <dsig:Transform Algorithm="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:HashTransforms.Identity" />
        </dsig:Transforms>
        <dsig:DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1" />
        <dsig:DigestValue>DpTW7RzS9IeT/RBSLj54vfTEzNg=</dsig:DigestValue>
      </hash>
    </dependentAssembly>
  </dependency>
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