Enumerable.Where<TSource> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, Boolean>)

Filters a sequence of values based on a predicate.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assemblies:   System.Linq (in System.Linq.dll)
  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static IEnumerable<TSource> Where<TSource>(
	this IEnumerable<TSource> source,
	Func<TSource, bool> predicate
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>

An IEnumerable<T> to filter.

predicate
Type: System.Func<TSource, Boolean>

A function to test each element for a condition.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> that contains elements from the input sequence that satisfy the condition.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source or predicate is null.

This method is implemented by using deferred execution. The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.

In query expression syntax, a where (Visual C#) or Where (Visual Basic) clause translates to an invocation of Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, Boolean>).

The following code example demonstrates how to use Where<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, Boolean>) to filter a sequence.

            List<string> fruits =
                new List<string> { "apple", "passionfruit", "banana", "mango", 
                                "orange", "blueberry", "grape", "strawberry" };

            IEnumerable<string> query = fruits.Where(fruit => fruit.Length < 6);

            foreach (string fruit in query)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(fruit);
            }
            /*
             This code produces the following output:

             apple
             mango
             grape
            */

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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