Queryable.Any<TSource> Method (IQueryable<TSource>)

Determines whether a sequence contains any elements.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static bool Any<TSource>(
	this IQueryable<TSource> source
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource>

A sequence to check for being empty.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the source sequence contains any elements; otherwise, false.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IQueryable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source is null.

The Any<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling Any<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the Execute<TResult>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling Any<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it determines if source contains any elements.

The following code example demonstrates how to use Any<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) to determine whether a sequence contains any elements.

                List<int> numbers = new List<int> { 1, 2 };

                // Determine if the list contains any elements. 
                bool hasElements = numbers.AsQueryable().Any();

                Console.WriteLine("The list {0} empty.",
                    hasElements ? "is not" : "is");

                // This code produces the following output: 
                // 
                // The list is not empty. 

The Boolean value that the Any<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) method returns is typically used in the predicate of a where clause (Where clause in Visual Basic) or a direct call to the Where<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource, Boolean>>) method. The following example demonstrates this use of the Any method.

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public int Age { get; set; }
}
class Person
{
    public string LastName { get; set; }
    public Pet[] Pets { get; set; }
}

public static void AnyEx2()
{
    List<Person> people = new List<Person>
        { new Person { LastName = "Haas",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name="Barley", Age=10 },
                                          new Pet { Name="Boots", Age=14 },
                                          new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Age=6 }}},
          new Person { LastName = "Fakhouri",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name = "Snowball", Age = 1}}},
          new Person { LastName = "Antebi",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { }},
          new Person { LastName = "Philips",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name = "Sweetie", Age = 2},
                                          new Pet { Name = "Rover", Age = 13}} }
        };

    // Determine which people have a non-empty Pet array.
    IEnumerable<string> names = from person in people
                                where person.Pets.AsQueryable().Any()
                                select person.LastName;

    foreach (string name in names)
        Console.WriteLine(name);

    /* This code produces the following output:

       Haas
       Fakhouri
       Philips
    */
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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