DateTimeOffset.ParseExact Method (String, String[], IFormatProvider, DateTimeStyles)

Converts the specified string representation of a date and time to its DateTimeOffset equivalent using the specified formats, culture-specific format information, and style. The format of the string representation must match one of the specified formats exactly.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static DateTimeOffset ParseExact(
	string input,
	string[] formats,
	IFormatProvider formatProvider,
	DateTimeStyles styles
)

Parameters

input
Type: System.String

A string that contains a date and time to convert.

formats
Type: System.String[]

An array of format specifiers that define the expected formats of input.

formatProvider
Type: System.IFormatProvider

An object that supplies culture-specific formatting information about input.

styles
Type: System.Globalization.DateTimeStyles

A bitwise combination of enumeration values that indicates the permitted format of input.

Return Value

Type: System.DateTimeOffset
An object that is equivalent to the date and time that is contained in the input parameter, as specified by the formats, formatProvider, and styles parameters.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

The offset is greater than 14 hours or less than -14 hours.

-or-

styles includes an unsupported value.

-or-

The styles parameter contains DateTimeStyles values that cannot be used together.

ArgumentNullException

input is null.

FormatException

input is an empty string ("").

-or-

input does not contain a valid string representation of a date and time.

-or-

No element of formats contains a valid format specifier.

-or-

The hour component and the AM/PM designator in input do not agree.

The DateTimeOffset.ParseExact(String, String[], IFormatProvider, DateTimeStyles) method parses the string representation of a date that matches any one of the patterns assigned to the formats parameter. If the input string does not match any one of these patterns with any of the variations defined by the styles parameter, the method throws a FormatException. Aside from comparing input to multiple formatting patterns, this overload behaves identically to the DateTimeOffset.ParseExact(String, String, IFormatProvider, DateTimeStyles) method.

The formats parameter is a string array whose elements contain either a single standard format specifier or one or more custom format specifiers that define the possible pattern of the input parameter. When the method is called, input must match one of these patterns. For details about valid formatting codes, see Standard Date and Time Format Strings and Custom Date and Time Format Strings. If the matched element in formats includes the z, zz, or zzz custom format specifiers to indicate that an offset must be present in input, that offset must include either a negative sign or a positive sign. If the sign is missing, the method throws a FormatException.

Important noteImportant

Using the formats parameter of this overload to specify multiple formats can help reduce the frustration many users experience when they enter dates and times. In particular, the ability to define multiple input patterns enables an application to handle date and time representations that can either include or lack leading zeros in months, days, hours, minutes, and seconds. The example provides an illustration of this.

If the matched element in formats requires that input contain a date but not a time, the resulting DateTimeOffset object is assigned a time of midnight (0:00:00). If the matched element in formats requires that input contain a time but not a date, the resulting DateTimeOffset object is assigned the current date on the local system. If the matched element in formats does not require that input contain an offset, the offset of the resulting DateTimeOffset object depends on the value of the styles parameter. If styles includes AssumeLocal, the offset of the local time zone is assigned to the DateTimeOffset object. If styles includes AssumeUniversal, the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) offset, or +00:00, is assigned to the DateTimeOffset object. If neither value is specified, the offset of the local time zone is used.

The particular date and time symbols and strings used in input are defined by the formatProvider parameter. The same is true for the precise format of input, if the matching element of formats is a standard format specifier string. The formatProvider parameter can be either of the following:

If formatprovider is null, the CultureInfo object that corresponds to the current culture is used.

The styles parameter defines whether white space is permitted in the input string, indicates how strings without an explicit offset component are parsed, and supports UTC conversion as part of the parsing operation. All members of the DateTimeStyles enumeration are supported except NoCurrentDateDefault. The following table lists the effect of each supported member.

DateTimeStyles member

Behavior

AdjustToUniversal

Parses input and, if necessary, converts it to UTC. It is equivalent to parsing a string, and then calling the DateTimeOffset.ToUniversalTime method of the returned DateTimeOffset object.

AssumeLocal

If the matched element in formats does not require that input contain an offset value, the returned DateTimeOffset object is given the offset of the local time zone. This is the default value.

AssumeUniversal

If the matched element in formats does not require that input contain an offset value, the returned DateTimeOffset object is given the UTC offset (+00:00).

AllowInnerWhite

Allows input to include inner white space not specified by format. Extra white space can appear between date and time components and within individual components (except the offset), and is ignored when parsing the string.

AllowLeadingWhite

Allows input to include leading spaces not specified by formats. These are ignored when parsing the string.

AllowTrailingWhite

Allows input to include trailing spaces not specified by formats. These are ignored when parsing the string.

AllowWhiteSpaces

Allows input to include leading, trailing, and inner spaces not specified by formats. All extra white-space characters not specified in the matched element in formats are ignored when parsing the string.

None

Indicates that additional white space is not permitted in input. White space must appear exactly as specified in a particular element of formats for a match to occur. This is the default behavior.

RoundtripKind

Has no effect because the DateTimeOffset structure does not include a Kind property.

Notes to Callers

In the .NET Framework 4, the ParseExact method throws a FormatException if the string to be parsed contains an hour component and an AM/PM designator that are not in agreement. In the .NET Framework 3.5 and earlier versions, the AM/PM designator is ignored.

The following example defines multiple input formats for the string representation of a date and time and offset value, and then passes the string that is entered by the user to the DateTimeOffset.ParseExact(String, String[], IFormatProvider, DateTimeStyles) method.

TextReader conIn = Console.In;
TextWriter conOut = Console.Out;
int tries = 0;
string input = String.Empty;
string[] formats = new string[] {@"@M/dd/yyyy HH:m zzz", @"MM/dd/yyyy HH:m zzz", 
                                 @"M/d/yyyy HH:m zzz", @"MM/d/yyyy HH:m zzz", 
                                 @"M/dd/yy HH:m zzz", @"MM/dd/yy HH:m zzz", 
                                 @"M/d/yy HH:m zzz", @"MM/d/yy HH:m zzz",                             
                                 @"M/dd/yyyy H:m zzz", @"MM/dd/yyyy H:m zzz", 
                                 @"M/d/yyyy H:m zzz", @"MM/d/yyyy H:m zzz", 
                                 @"M/dd/yy H:m zzz", @"MM/dd/yy H:m zzz", 
                                 @"M/d/yy H:m zzz", @"MM/d/yy H:m zzz",                               
                                 @"M/dd/yyyy HH:mm zzz", @"MM/dd/yyyy HH:mm zzz", 
                                 @"M/d/yyyy HH:mm zzz", @"MM/d/yyyy HH:mm zzz", 
                                 @"M/dd/yy HH:mm zzz", @"MM/dd/yy HH:mm zzz", 
                                 @"M/d/yy HH:mm zzz", @"MM/d/yy HH:mm zzz",                                 
                                 @"M/dd/yyyy H:mm zzz", @"MM/dd/yyyy H:mm zzz", 
                                 @"M/d/yyyy H:mm zzz", @"MM/d/yyyy H:mm zzz", 
                                 @"M/dd/yy H:mm zzz", @"MM/dd/yy H:mm zzz", 
                                 @"M/d/yy H:mm zzz", @"MM/d/yy H:mm zzz"};
IFormatProvider provider = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.DateTimeFormat;
DateTimeOffset result = new DateTimeOffset();

do { 
   conOut.WriteLine("Enter a date, time, and offset (MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM +/-HH:MM),");
   conOut.Write("Then press Enter: ");
   input = conIn.ReadLine();
   conOut.WriteLine();
   try
   {
      result = DateTimeOffset.ParseExact(input, formats, provider, 
                                         DateTimeStyles.AllowWhiteSpaces);
      break;
   }
   catch (FormatException)
   {
      Console.WriteLine("Unable to parse {0}.", input);      
      tries++;
   }
} while (tries < 3);
if (tries >= 3)
   Console.WriteLine("Exiting application without parsing {0}", input);
else
   Console.WriteLine("{0} was converted to {1}", input, result.ToString());                                                     
// Some successful sample interactions with the user might appear as follows: 
//    Enter a date, time, and offset (MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM +/-HH:MM), 
//    Then press Enter: 12/08/2007 6:54 -6:00 
//     
//    12/08/2007 6:54 -6:00 was converted to 12/8/2007 6:54:00 AM -06:00          
//     
//    Enter a date, time, and offset (MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM +/-HH:MM), 
//    Then press Enter: 12/8/2007 06:54 -06:00 
//     
//    12/8/2007 06:54 -06:00 was converted to 12/8/2007 6:54:00 AM -06:00 
//     
//    Enter a date, time, and offset (MM/DD/YYYY HH:MM +/-HH:MM), 
//    Then press Enter: 12/5/07 6:54 -6:00 
//     
//    12/5/07 6:54 -6:00 was converted to 12/5/2007 6:54:00 AM -06:00 

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5 SP1, 3.0 SP1, 2.0 SP1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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