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Enumerable::LastOrDefault<TSource> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>)

Returns the last element of a sequence, or a default value if the sequence contains no elements.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)
[ExtensionAttribute]
public:
generic<typename TSource>
static TSource LastOrDefault(
	IEnumerable<TSource>^ source
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic::IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> to return the last element of.

Return Value

Type: TSource
default(TSource) if the source sequence is empty; otherwise, the last element in the IEnumerable<T>.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source is nullptr.

The default value for reference and nullable types is nullptr.

The LastOrDefault method does not provide a way to specify a default value. If you want to specify a default value other than default(TSource), use the DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource) method as described in the Example section.

The following code example demonstrates how to use LastOrDefault<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>) on an empty array.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

Sometimes the value of default(TSource) is not the default value that you want to use if the collection contains no elements. Instead of checking the result for the unwanted default value and then changing it if necessary, you can use the DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource) method to specify the default value that you want to use if the collection is empty. Then, call Last<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>) to obtain the last element. The following code example uses both techniques to obtain a default value of 1 if a collection of numeric days of the month is empty. Because the default value for an integer is 0, which does not correspond to any day of the month, the default value must be specified as 1 instead. The first result variable is checked for the unwanted default value after the query has finished executing. The second result variable is obtained by using DefaultIfEmpty<TSource>(IEnumerable<TSource>, TSource) to specify a default value of 1.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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