Queryable.Single<TSource> Method (IQueryable<TSource>)

Returns the only element of a sequence, and throws an exception if there is not exactly one element in the sequence.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static TSource Single<TSource>(
	this IQueryable<TSource> source
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource>

An IQueryable<T> to return the single element of.

Return Value

Type: TSource
The single element of the input sequence.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IQueryable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source is null.

InvalidOperationException

source has more than one element.

The Single<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling Single<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) itself as a constructed generic method. It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the Execute<TResult>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter.

The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling Single<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) depends on the implementation of the type of the source parameter. The expected behavior is that it returns the only element in source.

The following code example demonstrates how to use Single<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>) to select the only element of an array.

// Create two arrays.
string[] fruits1 = { "orange" };
string[] fruits2 = { "orange", "apple" };

// Get the only item in the first array.
string fruit1 = fruits1.AsQueryable().Single();

Console.WriteLine("First query: " + fruit1);

try
{
    // Try to get the only item in the second array.
    string fruit2 = fruits2.AsQueryable().Single();
    Console.WriteLine("Second query: " + fruit2);
}
catch (System.InvalidOperationException)
{
    Console.WriteLine(
        "Second query: The collection does not contain exactly one element."
        );
}

/*
    This code produces the following output:

    First query: orange
    Second query: The collection does not contain exactly one element
*/

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5
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