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Validation Class

Provides methods and attached properties that support data validation. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace: System.Windows.Controls
Assembly: PresentationFramework (in presentationframework.dll)
XML Namespace:  http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation

public static class Validation
public final class Validation
public final class Validation
You cannot use this managed class in XAML.

For a detailed discussion of the validation process, see "Data Validation" in Data Binding Overview.

This example shows how to use an ErrorTemplate and a style trigger to provide visual feedback to inform the user when an invalid value is entered, based on a custom validation rule.

The text content of the TextBox in the following example is bound to the Age property (of type int) of a binding source object named ods. The binding is set up to use a validation rule named AgeRangeRule so that if the user enters non-numeric characters or a value that is smaller than 21 or greater than 130, a red exclamation mark appears next to the text box and a tool tip with the error message appears when the user moves the mouse over the text box.

<TextBox Name="textBox1" Width="50" FontSize="15"
         Validation.ErrorTemplate="{StaticResource validationTemplate}"
         Style="{StaticResource textBoxInError}"
         Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="1" Margin="2">
  <TextBox.Text>
    <Binding Path="Age" Source="{StaticResource ods}"
             UpdateSourceTrigger="PropertyChanged" >
      <Binding.ValidationRules>
        <c:AgeRangeRule Min="21" Max="130"/>
      </Binding.ValidationRules>
    </Binding>
  </TextBox.Text>
</TextBox>

The following example shows the implementation of AgeRangeRule, which inherits from ValidationRule and overrides the Validate method. The Int32.Parse() method is called on the value to make sure that it does not contain any invalid characters. The Validate method returns a ValidationResult that indicates if the value is valid based on whether an exception is caught during the parsing and whether the age value is outside of the lower and upper bounds.

public class AgeRangeRule : ValidationRule
{
    private int _min;
    private int _max;

    public AgeRangeRule()
    {
    }

    public int Min
    {
        get { return _min; }
        set { _min = value; }
    }

    public int Max
    {
        get { return _max; }
        set { _max = value; }
    }

    public override ValidationResult Validate(object value, CultureInfo cultureInfo)
    {
        int age = 0;

        try
        {
            if (((string)value).Length > 0)
                age = Int32.Parse((String)value);
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            return new ValidationResult(false, "Illegal characters or " + e.Message);
        }

        if ((age < Min) || (age > Max))
        {
            return new ValidationResult(false,
              "Please enter an age in the range: " + Min + " - " + Max + ".");
        }
        else
        {
            return new ValidationResult(true, null);
        }
    }
}

The following example shows the custom ControlTemplate validationTemplate that creates a red exclamation mark to notify the user of a validation error. Control templates are used to redefine the appearance of a control.

<ControlTemplate x:Key="validationTemplate">
  <DockPanel>
    <TextBlock Foreground="Red" FontSize="20">!</TextBlock>
    <AdornedElementPlaceholder/>
  </DockPanel>
</ControlTemplate>

As shown in the following example, the ToolTip that shows the error message is created using the style named textBoxInError. If the value of HasError is true, the trigger sets the tool tip of the current TextBox to its first validation error. The RelativeSource is set to Self, referring to the current element.

<Style x:Key="textBoxInError" TargetType="{x:Type TextBox}">
  <Style.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="Validation.HasError" Value="true">
      <Setter Property="ToolTip"
        Value="{Binding RelativeSource={x:Static RelativeSource.Self},
                        Path=(Validation.Errors)[0].ErrorContent}"/>
    </Trigger>
  </Style.Triggers>
</Style>

For the complete example, see Binding Validation Sample.

Note that if you do not provide a custom ErrorTemplate the default error template appears to provide visual feedback to the user when there is a validation error. See "Data Validation" in Data Binding Overview for more information. Also, WPF provides a built-in validation rule that catches exceptions that are thrown during the update of the binding source property. For more information, see ExceptionValidationRule.

System.Object
  System.Windows.Controls.Validation

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0
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