DataSet.Load Method (IDataReader, LoadOption, FillErrorEventHandler, DataTable[])

Fills a DataSet with values from a data source using the supplied IDataReader, using an array of DataTable instances to supply the schema and namespace information.

Namespace:  System.Data
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public virtual void Load(
	IDataReader reader,
	LoadOption loadOption,
	FillErrorEventHandler errorHandler,
	params DataTable[] tables
)

Parameters

reader
Type: System.Data.IDataReader
An IDataReader that provides one or more result sets.
loadOption
Type: System.Data.LoadOption
A value from the LoadOption enumeration that indicates how rows already in the DataTable instances within the DataSet will be combined with incoming rows that share the same primary key.
errorHandler
Type: System.Data.FillErrorEventHandler
A FillErrorEventHandler delegate to call when an error occurs while loading data.
tables
Type: System.Data.DataTable[]
An array of DataTable instances, from which the Load method retrieves name and namespace information.

The Load method provides a technique for filling a single DataTable with data, retrieved from an IDataReader instance. This method provides the same functionality, but allows you to load multiple result sets from an IDataReader into multiple tables within a DataSet.

NoteNote

The load operation will fail with an InvalidOperationException if any of the source data columns in the incoming reader are computed columns.

The loadOption parameter allows you to specify how you want the imported data to interact with existing data, and can be any of the values from the LoadOption enumeration. See the documentation for the DataTable Load method for more information on using this parameter.

The errorHandler parameter is a FillErrorEventHandler delegate that refers to a procedure that is called when an error occurs while loading data. The FillErrorEventArgs parameter passed to the procedure provides properties that allow you to retrieve information about the error that occurred, the current row of data, and the DataTable being filled. Using this delegate mechanism, rather than a simpler try/catch block, allows you to determine the error, handle the situation, and continue processing if you like. The FillErrorEventArgs parameter supplies a Continue property: set this property to true to indicate that you have handled the error and wish to continue processing; set the property to false to indicate that you wish to halt processing. Be aware that setting the property to false causes the code that triggered the problem to throw an exception.

The tables parameter allows you to specify an array of DataTable instances, indicating the order of the tables corresponding to each result set loaded from the reader. The Load method fills each supplied DataTable instance with data from a single result set from the source data reader. After each result set, the Load method moves on to the next result set within the reader, until there are no more result sets.

The name resolution scheme for this method is the same as that followed by the Fill method of the DbDataAdapter class.

The following example adds a table to a DataSet, and then attempts to use the Load method to load data from a DataTableReader that contains an incompatible schema. Rather than trapping the error, this example uses a FillErrorEventHandler delegate to investigate and handle the error. The output is displayed in the console window.


static void Main()
{
    // Attempt to load data from a data reader in which
    // the schema is incompatible with the current schema.
    // If you use exception handling, you won't get the chance
    // to examine each row, and each individual table,
    // as the Load method progresses.
    // By taking advantage of the FillErrorEventHandler delegate,
    // you can interact with the Load process as an error occurs,
    // attempting to fix the problem, or simply continuing or quitting
    // the Load process.:
    DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();
    DataTable table = GetIntegerTable();
    dataSet.Tables.Add(table);
    DataTableReader reader = new DataTableReader(GetStringTable());
    dataSet.Load(reader, LoadOption.OverwriteChanges, 
        FillErrorHandler, table);

    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.");
    Console.ReadKey();
}

private static DataTable GetIntegerTable()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4 });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 5 });
    table.AcceptChanges();
    return table;
}

private static DataTable GetStringTable()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { "Mary" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { "Andy" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { "Peter" });
    table.AcceptChanges();
    return table;
}

static void FillErrorHandler(object sender, FillErrorEventArgs e)
{
    // You can use the e.Errors value to determine exactly what
    // went wrong.
    if (e.Errors.GetType() == typeof(System.FormatException))
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Error when attempting to update the value: {0}", 
            e.Values[0]);
    }

    // Setting e.Continue to True tells the Load
    // method to continue trying. Setting it to False
    // indicates that an error has occurred, and the 
    // Load method raises the exception that got 
    // you here.
    e.Continue = true;
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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