XmlWriter.WriteStartElement Method (String, String, String)

When overridden in a derived class, writes the specified start tag and associates it with the given namespace and prefix.

Namespace:  System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public abstract void WriteStartElement(
	string prefix,
	string localName,
	string ns
)

Parameters

prefix
Type: System.String
The namespace prefix of the element.
localName
Type: System.String
The local name of the element.
ns
Type: System.String
The namespace URI to associate with the element.

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

The writer is closed.

EncoderFallbackException

There is a character in the buffer that is a valid XML character but is not valid for the output encoding. For example, if the output encoding is ASCII, you should only use characters from the range of 0 to 127 for element and attribute names. The invalid character might be in the argument of this method or in an argument of previous methods that were writing to the buffer. Such characters are escaped by character entity references when possible (for example, in text nodes or attribute values). However, the character entity reference is not allowed in element and attribute names, comments, processing instructions, or CDATA sections.

The following example writes out an XML fragment.


using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

 public class Sample
 {
   private const string m_Document = "sampledata.xml";

   public static void Main() {

      XmlWriter writer = null;

      try {

        XmlWriterSettings settings = new XmlWriterSettings();
        settings.Indent = true;
        writer = XmlWriter.Create (m_Document, settings);

        writer.WriteComment("sample XML fragment");

        // Write an element (this one is the root).
        writer.WriteStartElement("book");

        // Write the namespace declaration.
        writer.WriteAttributeString("xmlns", "bk", null, "urn:samples");

        // Write the genre attribute.
        writer.WriteAttributeString("genre", "novel");

        // Write the title.
        writer.WriteStartElement("title");
        writer.WriteString("The Handmaid's Tale");
        writer.WriteEndElement();

        // Write the price.
        writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95");

        // Lookup the prefix and write the ISBN element.
        string prefix = writer.LookupPrefix("urn:samples");
        writer.WriteStartElement(prefix, "ISBN", "urn:samples");
        writer.WriteString("1-861003-78");
        writer.WriteEndElement();

        // Write the style element (shows a different way to handle prefixes).
        writer.WriteElementString("style", "urn:samples", "hardcover");

        // Write the close tag for the root element.
        writer.WriteEndElement();

        // Write the XML to file and close the writer.
        writer.Flush();
        writer.Close();
      }

      finally {
        if (writer != null)
           writer.Close();
     } 
   }

 }


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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