Supports a simple iteration over a generic collection.
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
- out T
The type of objects to enumerate.
This type parameter is covariant. That is, you can use either the type you specified or any type that is more derived. For more information about covariance and contravariance, see Covariance and Contravariance in Generics.
Thetype exposes the following members.
|Dispose||Performs application-defined tasks associated with freeing, releasing, or resetting unmanaged resources. (Inherited from IDisposable.)|
|MoveNext||Advances the enumerator to the next element of the collection. (Inherited from IEnumerator.)|
|Reset||Sets the enumerator to its initial position, which is before the first element in the collection. (Inherited from IEnumerator.)|
is the base interface for all generic enumerators.
The foreach statement of the C# language (for each in C++, For Each in Visual Basic) hides the complexity of the enumerators. Therefore, using foreach is recommended, instead of directly manipulating the enumerator.
Enumerators can be used to read the data in the collection, but they cannot be used to modify the underlying collection.
Initially, the enumerator is positioned before the first element in the collection. At this position, Current is undefined. Therefore, you must call MoveNext to advance the enumerator to the first element of the collection before reading the value of Current.
If MoveNext passes the end of the collection, the enumerator is positioned after the last element in the collection and MoveNext returns false. When the enumerator is at this position, subsequent calls to MoveNext also return false. If the last call to MoveNext returned false, Current is undefined. You cannot set Current to the first element of the collection again; you must create a new enumerator instance instead.
An enumerator remains valid as long as the collection remains unchanged. If changes are made to the collection, such as adding, modifying, or deleting elements, the enumerator is irrecoverably invalidated and its behavior is undefined.
The enumerator does not have exclusive access to the collection; therefore, enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can lock the collection during the entire enumeration. To allow the collection to be accessed by multiple threads for reading and writing, you must implement your own synchronization.
Default implementations of collections in the System.Collections.Generic namespace are not synchronized.Notes to Implementers
Implementing this interface requires implementing the nongeneric IEnumerator interface. The MoveNext and Reset methods do not depend on T, and appear only on the nongeneric interface. The Current property appears on both interfaces, and has different return types. Implement the nongeneric IEnumerator::Current property as an explicit interface implementation. This allows any consumer of the nongeneric interface to consume the generic interface.
The following example shows an implementation of the interface for a collection class of custom objects. The custom object is an instance of the type Box, and the collection class is BoxCollection. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the ICollection<T> interface.
Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2