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XmlTextWriter.WriteProcessingInstruction Method

Writes out a processing instruction with a space between the name and text as follows: <?name text?>.

Namespace:  System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public override void WriteProcessingInstruction(
	string name,
	string text
)

Parameters

name
Type: System.String

Name of the processing instruction.

text
Type: System.String

Text to include in the processing instruction.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

The text would result in a non-well formed XML document.

name is either null or String.Empty.

This method is being used to create an XML declaration after WriteStartDocument has already been called.

NoteNote

Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, we recommend that you create XmlWriter instances by using the XmlWriter.Create method and the XmlWriterSettings class to take advantage of new functionality.

If text is either null or String.Empty, this method writes a ProcessingInstruction with no data content, for example <?name?>.

The following example writes an XML file representing a book.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;

public class Sample
{
  private const string filename = "sampledata.xml";

  public static void Main()
  {
     XmlTextWriter writer = null;

     writer = new XmlTextWriter (filename, null);
     //Use indenting for readability.
     writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;

     //Write the XML delcaration. 
     writer.WriteStartDocument();

     //Write the ProcessingInstruction node.
     String PItext="type='text/xsl' href='book.xsl'";
     writer.WriteProcessingInstruction("xml-stylesheet", PItext);

     //Write the DocumentType node.
     writer.WriteDocType("book", null , null, "<!ENTITY h 'hardcover'>");

     //Write a Comment node.
     writer.WriteComment("sample XML");

     //Write a root element.
     writer.WriteStartElement("book");

     //Write the genre attribute.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("genre", "novel");

     //Write the ISBN attribute.
     writer.WriteAttributeString("ISBN", "1-8630-014");

     //Write the title.
     writer.WriteElementString("title", "The Handmaid's Tale");

     //Write the style element.
     writer.WriteStartElement("style");
     writer.WriteEntityRef("h");
     writer.WriteEndElement(); 

     //Write the price.
     writer.WriteElementString("price", "19.95");

     //Write CDATA.
     writer.WriteCData("Prices 15% off!!");

     //Write the close tag for the root element.
     writer.WriteEndElement();

     writer.WriteEndDocument();

     //Write the XML to file and close the writer.
     writer.Flush();
     writer.Close();  

     //Load the file into an XmlDocument to ensure well formed XML.
     XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
     //Preserve white space for readability.
     doc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
     //Load the file.
     doc.Load(filename);  

     //Display the XML content to the console.
     Console.Write(doc.InnerXml);  

  }

}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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