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XmlReaderSettings.ValidationEventHandler Event

Occurs when the reader encounters validation errors.

Namespace:  System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public event ValidationEventHandler ValidationEventHandler

These events occur while reading an XML instance document if the ValidationType is set to either DTD or Schema. If the ReportValidationWarnings setting has been enabled on the ValidationFlags property these events also occur when any validation warnings are encountered.

If the reader is configured for validation and no validation event handler has been set, an XmlSchemaValidationException is thrown for all validation errors. (Validation warnings do not cause an XmlSchemaValidationException to be thrown).

Security noteSecurity Note:

Validation error messages may expose sensitive content model information. Validation error and warning messages are handled using the ValidationEventHandler delegate, or are exposed as an XmlSchemaValidationException if no event handler is provided to the XmlReaderSettings object (validation warnings do not cause an XmlSchemaValidationException to be thrown). This content model information should not be exposed in untrusted scenarios. Validation warning messages are suppressed by default and can be reported by setting the ReportValidationWarnings flag.

The SourceUri property of an XmlSchemaValidationException returns the URI path to the schema file that caused the exception. The SourceUri property should not be exposed in untrusted scenarios.

The following example shows the settings to specify to create a reader that validates using an inline schema and that also displays validation warnings. The validation event handler uses the XmlSeverityType enumeration to differentiate between warnings and errors.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;
using System.IO;

public class ValidXSD {

  public static void Main() {

    // Set the validation settings.
    XmlReaderSettings settings = new XmlReaderSettings();
    settings.ValidationType = ValidationType.Schema;
    settings.ValidationFlags |= XmlSchemaValidationFlags.ProcessInlineSchema;
    settings.ValidationFlags |= XmlSchemaValidationFlags.ReportValidationWarnings;
    settings.ValidationEventHandler += new ValidationEventHandler (ValidationCallBack);

    // Create the XmlReader object.
    XmlReader reader = XmlReader.Create("inlineSchema.xml", settings);

    // Parse the file.  
    while (reader.Read());

  }

  // Display any warnings or errors. 
  private static void ValidationCallBack (object sender, ValidationEventArgs args) {
     if (args.Severity==XmlSeverityType.Warning)
       Console.WriteLine("\tWarning: Matching schema not found.  No validation occurred." + args.Message);
     else
        Console.WriteLine("\tValidation error: " + args.Message);

  }  

}
// Set the validation settings.
XmlReaderSettings* settings = new XmlReaderSettings();
settings->XsdValidate = true;
settings->IgnoreInlineSchema = false;
settings->IgnoreValidationWarnings = false;
settings->ValidationEventHandler += new ValidationEventHandler (ValidationCallBack);

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

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