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XmlReader.IsEmptyElement Property

When overridden in a derived class, gets a value indicating whether the current node is an empty element (for example, <MyElement/>).

Namespace:  System.Xml
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public abstract bool IsEmptyElement { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the current node is an element (NodeType equals XmlNodeType.Element) that ends with />; otherwise, false.

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

An XmlReader method was called before a previous asynchronous operation finished. In this case, InvalidOperationException is thrown with the message “An asynchronous operation is already in progress.”

This property enables you to determine the difference between the following:

<item num="123"/> (IsEmptyElement is true).

<item num="123"></item> (IsEmptyElement is false, although element content is empty).

A corresponding EndElement node is not generated for empty elements.

If default content has been added to an element due to schema validation, IsEmptyElement still returns true. It has no bearing on whether or not the element has a default value. In other words, IsEmptyElement simply reports whether or not the element in the source document had an end element tag.

The following example displays the text content of each element.

while (reader.Read()) {
  if (reader.IsStartElement()) {
    if (reader.IsEmptyElement)
      Console.WriteLine("<{0}/>", reader.Name);
    else {
      Console.Write("<{0}> ", reader.Name);
      reader.Read(); // Read the start tag. 
      if (reader.IsStartElement())  // Handle nested elements.
        Console.Write("\r\n<{0}>", reader.Name);
      Console.WriteLine(reader.ReadString());  //Read the text content of the element.
    }
  } 
} 

The example uses the file, elems.xml, as input.

<book>
  <title>Pride And Prejudice</title>
  <price>19.95</price>
  <misc/>
</book>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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