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XmlSerializer::UnknownNode Event

Occurs when the XmlSerializer encounters an XML node of unknown type during deserialization.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public:
 event XmlNodeEventHandler^ UnknownNode {
	void add (XmlNodeEventHandler^ value);
	void remove (XmlNodeEventHandler^ value);
}

By default, after calling the Deserialize method, the XmlSerializer ignores XML nodes of unknown types. However, you can use this event to handle such node types.

The following example prints the type of any encountered unknown node.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

public ref class Group
{
public:

   // Only the GroupName field will be known.
   String^ GroupName;
};

public ref class Test
{
public:
   static void main()
   {
      Test^ t = gcnew Test;
      t->DeserializeObject( "UnknownNodes.xml" );
   }

private:
   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
      mySerializer->UnknownNode += gcnew XmlNodeEventHandler( this, &Test::serializer_UnknownNode );
      Group^ myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( fs ));
      fs->Close();
   }

private:
   void serializer_UnknownNode( Object^ /*sender*/, XmlNodeEventArgs^ e )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "UnknownNode Name: {0}", e->Name );
      Console::WriteLine( "UnknownNode LocalName: {0}", e->LocalName );
      Console::WriteLine( "UnknownNode Namespace URI: {0}", e->NamespaceURI );
      Console::WriteLine( "UnknownNode Text: {0}", e->Text );
      XmlNodeType myNodeType = e->NodeType;
      Console::WriteLine( "NodeType: {0}", myNodeType );
      Group^ myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group^>(e->ObjectBeingDeserialized);
      Console::WriteLine( "GroupName: {0}", myGroup->GroupName );
      Console::WriteLine();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test::main();
}

/* Paste this XML into a file named UnknownNodes:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 

xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:coho = "http://www.cohowinery.com" 

xmlns:cp="http://www.cpandl.com">
   <coho:GroupName>MyGroup</coho:GroupName>
   <cp:GroupSize>Large</cp:GroupSize>
   <cp:GroupNumber>444</cp:GroupNumber>
   <coho:GroupBase>West</coho:GroupBase>
   <coho:ThingInfo>
      <Number>1</Number>
      <Name>Thing1</Name>
      <Elmo>
         <Glue>element</Glue>
      </Elmo>
   </coho:ThingInfo>
</Group>
*/
#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

public __gc class Group{
   // Only the GroupName field will be known.
public:
   String* GroupName;
};

public __gc class Test{
public:
   static void main(){
      Test* t = new Test();
      t->DeserializeObject(S"UnknownNodes.xml");
   }

private:
   void DeserializeObject(String* filename){
      XmlSerializer* mySerializer = new XmlSerializer(__typeof(Group));
      FileStream* fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode::Open);
      mySerializer->UnknownNode += new 
         XmlNodeEventHandler(this, &Test::serializer_UnknownNode);
      Group* myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group*> (mySerializer->Deserialize(fs));
      fs->Close();
   }
protected:
   void serializer_UnknownNode
      (Object* /*sender*/, XmlNodeEventArgs* e){
         Console::WriteLine(S"UnknownNode Name: {0}",e->Name);
         Console::WriteLine(S"UnknownNode LocalName: {0}",e->LocalName);
         Console::WriteLine(S"UnknownNode Namespace URI: {0}",e->NamespaceURI);
         Console::WriteLine(S"UnknownNode Text: {0}",e->Text);

         XmlNodeType myNodeType = e->NodeType;
         Console::WriteLine(S"NodeType: {0}", __box(myNodeType));

         Group* myGroup = dynamic_cast<Group*> (e->ObjectBeingDeserialized);
         Console::WriteLine(S"GroupName: {0}",myGroup->GroupName);
         Console::WriteLine();
      }
};

int main()
{
   Test::main();
}
/* Paste this XML into a file named UnknownNodes:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 

xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:coho = "http://www.cohowinery.com" 

xmlns:cp="http://www.cpandl.com">
   <coho:GroupName>MyGroup</coho:GroupName>
   <cp:GroupSize>Large</cp:GroupSize>
   <cp:GroupNumber>444</cp:GroupNumber>
   <coho:GroupBase>West</coho:GroupBase>
   <coho:ThingInfo>
      <Number>1</Number>
      <Name>Thing1</Name>
      <Elmo>
         <Glue>element</Glue>
      </Elmo>
   </coho:ThingInfo>
</Group>
*/   

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

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