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XmlSerializer.UnknownAttribute Event

Occurs when the XmlSerializer encounters an XML attribute of unknown type during deserialization.

[Visual Basic]
Public Event UnknownAttribute As XmlAttributeEventHandler
[C#]
public event XmlAttributeEventHandler UnknownAttribute;
[C++]
public: __event XmlAttributeEventHandler* UnknownAttribute;

[JScript] In JScript, you can handle the events defined by a class, but you cannot define your own.

Event Data

The event handler receives an argument of type XmlAttributeEventArgs containing data related to this event. The following XmlAttributeEventArgs properties provide information specific to this event.

Property Description
Attr Gets an object that represents the unknown XML attribute.
LineNumber Gets the line number of the unknown XML attribute.
LinePosition Gets the position in the line of the unknown XML attribute.
ObjectBeingDeserialized Gets the object being deserialized.

Remarks

By default, after calling the Deserialize method, the XmlSerializer ignores XML attributes of unknown types. However, you can use this event to handle such node types.

If the instance of the class being deserialized contains a field that returns an array of XmlAttribute objects, and an XmlAnyAttributeAttribute has been applied to the field, the UnknownAttribute event will not occur. Instead, all unknown XML attributes will be collected into the array.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example prints information about any unknown attributes encountered while deserializing an XML document.

[Visual Basic] 
Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Public Class Group
   Public GroupName As String 
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = new Test()
      ' Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
      t.DeserializeObject("UnknownAttributes.xml")
   End Sub

   Private Sub Serializer_UnknownAttribute _
   (sender As Object , e As XmlAttributeEventArgs)
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Attribute")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.Attr.Name + " " & e.Attr.InnerXml)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LineNumber & ":"  & e.LineNumber)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LinePosition & ":"   & e.LinePosition)
      
      Dim x As Group = CType( e.ObjectBeingDeserialized, Group)
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName)
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString())
   End Sub
   
   Private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      ' Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      AddHandler ser.UnknownAttribute, _
      AddressOf Serializer_UnknownAttribute 
      ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     Dim fs As FileStream  = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
     Dim g  As Group = CType(ser.Deserialize(fs),Group)
     fs.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

[C#] 
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;

public class Group{
   public string GroupName;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
      t.DeserializeObject("UnknownAttributes.xml");
   }
   private void Serializer_UnknownAttribute(object sender, XmlAttributeEventArgs e){
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Attribute");
      Console.WriteLine("\t" + e.Attr.Name + " " + e.Attr.InnerXml);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LineNumber: " + e.LineNumber);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LinePosition: " + e.LinePosition);
      
      Group x  = (Group) e.ObjectBeingDeserialized;
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName);
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString());
   }
   private void DeserializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser.UnknownAttribute+=new XmlAttributeEventHandler(Serializer_UnknownAttribute);
      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
     Group g = (Group) ser.Deserialize(fs);
     fs.Close();
       }
}

[C++] 
#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

public __gc class Group{
public:
   String* GroupName;
};

public __gc class Test{
public:
   static void main(){
      Test* t = new Test();
      // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
      t->DeserializeObject(S"UnknownAttributes.xml");
   }
private:
   void Serializer_UnknownAttribute(Object* sender, XmlAttributeEventArgs* e){
      Console::WriteLine(S"Unknown Attribute");
      Console::WriteLine(S"\t{0} {1}", e->Attr->Name, e->Attr->InnerXml);
      Console::WriteLine(S"\t LineNumber: {0}", __box(e->LineNumber));
      Console::WriteLine(S"\t LinePosition: {0}", __box(e->LinePosition));

      Group* x  = dynamic_cast<Group*> (e->ObjectBeingDeserialized);
      Console::WriteLine (x->GroupName);
      Console::WriteLine (sender);
   }
private:
   void DeserializeObject(String* filename){
      XmlSerializer* ser = new XmlSerializer(__typeof(Group));
      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser->UnknownAttribute+=new XmlAttributeEventHandler(this, &Test::Serializer_UnknownAttribute);
      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream* fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode::Open);
      Group* g = dynamic_cast<Group*> (ser->Deserialize(fs));
      fs->Close();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test::main();
}

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

See Also

XmlSerializer Class | XmlSerializer Members | System.Xml.Serialization Namespace | XmlAnyAttributeAttribute | CanDeserialize | Deserialize | UnknownNode | Introducing XML Serialization | Controlling XML Serialization Using Attributes | Examples of XML Serialization | The XML Schema Definition Tool and XML Serialization

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