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XmlSchemaProviderAttribute Class

When applied to a type, stores the name of a static method of the type that returns an XML schema and a XmlQualifiedName (or XmlSchemaType for anonymous types) that controls the serialization of the type.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSchemaProviderAttribute

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

'Declaration
<AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Class Or AttributeTargets.Struct Or AttributeTargets.Interface)> _
Public NotInheritable Class XmlSchemaProviderAttribute _
	Inherits Attribute

The XmlSchemaProviderAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibraryXmlSchemaProviderAttributeInitializes a new instance of the XmlSchemaProviderAttribute class, taking the name of the static method that supplies the type's XML schema.
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  NameDescription
Public propertySupported by Portable Class LibraryIsAnyGets or sets a value that determines whether the target class is a wildcard, or that the schema for the class has contains only an xs:any element.
Public propertySupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibraryMethodNameGets the name of the static method that supplies the type's XML schema and the name of its XML Schema data type.
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibraryEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibraryFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibraryGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibraryGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Protected methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibraryMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodSupported by the XNA FrameworkSupported by Portable Class LibraryToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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The main purpose of the XmlSchemaProviderAttribute is to enable the XmlSchemaExporter class to return a schema when queried by the Web Services Description Language tool (WSDL.exe), or when using the Add Web Reference feature of Visual Studio. You can control the actual schema for the type in the static method.

NoteNote

The target class of the attribute must implement the IXmlSerializable interface.

The MethodName property returns the name of a static method through reflection. The method, which must be implemented, must take a single parameter, an XmlSchemaSet object, which the method populates with an XmlSchema object. The method must also return an XmlQualifiedName object that identifies the data type.

Returning Anonymous Types

An anonymous complex type cannot be created using a method that returns XmlQualifiedName. Because an anonymous type has no name, and you cannot add an anonymous type to a schema, the anonymous type must be returned as an XmlSchemaType.

The following example applies the XmlSchemaProviderAttribute to a server-side class. When invoked, the method named by the MethodName property creates the schema. This simple implementation reads an existing schema off the disk. However, you can also create a custom schema, if necessary, using the types found in the System.Xml.Schema namespace.


<XmlSchemaProvider("MySchema")>  _
Public Class SongStream
    Implements IXmlSerializable

    Private Const ns As String = "http://demos.Contoso.com/webservices"
    Private filePath As String

    Public Sub New() 

    End Sub

    Public Sub New(ByVal filePath As String) 
        Me.filePath = filePath
    End Sub


    ' This is the method named by the XmlSchemaProviderAttribute applied to the type.
    Public Shared Function MySchema(ByVal xs As XmlSchemaSet) As XmlQualifiedName 
        ' This method is called by the framework to get the schema for this type.
        ' We return an existing schema from disk.
        Dim schemaSerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(XmlSchema))
        Dim xsdPath As String = Nothing
        ' NOTE: replace SongStream.xsd with your own schema file.
        xsdPath = System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("SongStream.xsd")
        Dim s As XmlSchema = CType(schemaSerializer.Deserialize(New XmlTextReader(xsdPath)), XmlSchema)
        xs.XmlResolver = New XmlUrlResolver()
        xs.Add(s)

        Return New XmlQualifiedName("songStream", ns)

    End Function



    Sub WriteXml(ByVal writer As System.Xml.XmlWriter)  Implements IXmlSerializable.WriteXml
        ' This is the chunking code.
        ' ASP.NET buffering must be turned off for this to work.

        Dim bufferSize As Integer = 4096
        Dim songBytes(bufferSize) As Char
        Dim inFile As FileStream = File.Open(Me.filePath, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)

        Dim length As Long = inFile.Length

        ' Write the file name.
        writer.WriteElementString("fileName", ns, Path.GetFileNameWithoutExtension(Me.filePath))

        ' Write the size.
        writer.WriteElementString("size", ns, length.ToString())

        ' Write the song bytes.
        writer.WriteStartElement("song", ns)

        Dim sr As New StreamReader(inFile, True)
        Dim readLen As Integer = sr.Read(songBytes, 0, bufferSize)

        While readLen > 0
            writer.WriteStartElement("chunk", ns)
            writer.WriteChars(songBytes, 0, readLen)
            writer.WriteEndElement()

            writer.Flush()
            readLen = sr.Read(songBytes, 0, bufferSize)
        End While

        writer.WriteEndElement()
        inFile.Close()
    End Sub 

    Function GetSchema() As System.Xml.Schema.XmlSchema  Implements IXmlSerializable.GetSchema
        Throw New System.NotImplementedException()
    End Function

    Sub ReadXml(ByVal reader As System.Xml.XmlReader)  Implements IXmlSerializable.ReadXml
        Throw New System.NotImplementedException()
    End Sub 
End Class 



.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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