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XmlAttributes.XmlArray Property

Gets or sets an object that specifies how the XmlSerializer serializes a public field or read/write property that returns an array.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public XmlArrayAttribute XmlArray { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Xml.Serialization.XmlArrayAttribute
An XmlArrayAttribute that specifies how the XmlSerializer serializes a public field or read/write property that returns an array.

There are two ways in which a public field or public read/write property that returns an array is serialized by the XmlSerializer: the default serialization, and the controlled serialization.

In the default serialization, no attribute is applied to the member. When serialized, the array is serialized as a nested sequence of XML elements with the XML element name of the nested sequence taken from the member name.

To control the serialization more precisely, apply an XmlArrayAttribute to the field or property. For example, you can change the generated XML element name from the default to a different name by setting the ElementName property to a new value.

The XmlArray property allows you to override the default serialization, as well as the serialization controlled by applying an XmlArrayAttribute to the member. For example, you can change the XML element name generated from the default (the member identifier) to a new value. In addition, if you apply an XmlArrayAttribute to a member, it is overridden by any XmlArrayAttribute that is assigned to the XmlArray property.

The following example serializes a class that contains a field named Members that returns an array of objects. The XmlArrayAttribute is used to override the serialization of the field, and rename the element name to Staff.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

// This is the class that will be serialized. 
public class Group
{
   // This field will be overridden. 
   public Member [] Members;
}

public class Member
{
   public string MemberName;
}

public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test = new Run();
      test.SerializeObject("OverrideArray.xml");
      test.DeserializeObject("OverrideArray.xml");
   }
   // Return an XmlSerializer used for overriding.  
   public XmlSerializer CreateOverrider()
   {
      // Creating XmlAttributeOverrides and XmlAttributes objects.
      XmlAttributeOverrides xOver = new XmlAttributeOverrides();
      XmlAttributes xAttrs = new XmlAttributes();

      // Add an override for the XmlArray.    
      XmlArrayAttribute xArray = new XmlArrayAttribute("Staff");
      xArray.Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com";
      xAttrs.XmlArray = xArray;
      xOver.Add(typeof(Group), "Members", xAttrs);

      // Create the XmlSerializer and return it. 
      return new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group), xOver);
   }


   public void SerializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =  CreateOverrider();
      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group myGroup = new Group();

      // Set the object properties.
      Member m = new Member();
      m.MemberName = "Paul";
      myGroup.Members = new Member[1] {m};

      // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      mySerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }

   public void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      XmlSerializer mySerializer = CreateOverrider();
      FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
      Group myGroup = (Group) 
      mySerializer.Deserialize(fs);
      foreach(Member m in myGroup.Members)
      {
         Console.WriteLine(m.MemberName);
      }
   }
}
   

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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