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SoapElementAttribute.DataType Property

Gets or sets the XML Schema definition language (XSD) data type of the generated XML element.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public string DataType { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.String
One of the XML Schema data types.

The following table lists the XML Schema simple data types with their .NET equivalents.

For the XML Schema base64Binary and hexBinary data types, use an array of Byte structures, and apply a SoapElementAttribute with the DataType set to "base64Binary" or "hexBinary", as appropriate. For the XML Schema time and date data types, use the DateTime type and apply the SoapElementAttribute with the DataType set to "date" or "time".

For every XML Schema data type that is mapped to a string, apply the SoapElementAttribute with its DataType property set to the XML Schema type. Note that this does not change the serialization format, only the schema for the member.

NoteNote

The property is case-sensitive, so you must set it exactly to one of the XML Schema data types.

NoteNote

Passing binary data as an XML element is more efficient than passing it as an XML attribute.

For more information about XML data types, see the World Wide Web Consortium (www.w3.org) document, "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes".

XSD data type

.NET data type

anyURI

String

base64Binary

Array of Byte objects

boolean

Boolean

byte

SByte

date

DateTime

dateTime

DateTime

decimal

Decimal

double

Double

ENTITY

String

ENTITIES

String

float

Single

gDay

String

gMonth

String

gMonthDay

String

gYear

String

gYearMonth

String

hexBinary

Array of Byte objects

ID

String

IDREF

String

IDREFS

String

int

Int32

integer

String

language

String

long

Int64

Name

String

NCName

String

negativeInteger

String

NMTOKEN

String

NMTOKENS

String

normalizedString

String

nonNegativeInteger

String

nonPositiveInteger

String

NOTATION

String

positiveInteger

String

QName

XmlQualifiedName

duration

String

string

String

short

Int16

time

DateTime

token

String

unsignedByte

Byte

unsignedInt

UInt32

unsignedLong

UInt64

unsignedShort

UInt16

The following example serializes an instance of a class named Transportation that contains a field named Vehicle. A SoapElementAttribute is applied to the field. When the field is serialized, the XML element name is "Wheels" instead of "Vehicle". The SerializeOverride method creates a SoapElementAttribute and sets the SoapElement property of a SoapAttributes to the SoapElementAttribute. The SoapAttributes is added to a SoapAttributeOverrides that is used to create an XmlTypeMapping. An XmlSerializer is constructed with the XmlTypeMapping, and an instance of the Transportation class is again serialized. Because the SoapElementAttribute is used to override the serialization, the generated XML element name is now "Truck" instead of "Wheels".


using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Collections;
using System.Xml;
using System.Text;
public class Transportation
{
   // The SoapElementAttribute specifies that the
   // generated XML element name will be "Wheels"
   // instead of "Vehicle".
   [SoapElement("Wheels")]
   public string Vehicle;
   [SoapElement(DataType = "dateTime")]
   public DateTime CreationDate;
   [SoapElement(IsNullable = true)]
   public Thing thing;

}

public class Thing{ 
   [SoapElement(IsNullable=true)] public string ThingName;
}

public class Test
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeObject("SoapElementOriginal.xml");
      t.SerializeOverride("SoapElementOverride.xml");
      Console.WriteLine("Finished writing two XML files.");
   }

   // Return an XmlSerializer used for overriding.
   public XmlSerializer CreateSoapOverrider()
   {
      // Create the SoapAttributes and SoapAttributeOverrides objects.
      SoapAttributes soapAttrs = new SoapAttributes();

      SoapAttributeOverrides soapOverrides = 
      new SoapAttributeOverrides();

      /* Create an SoapElementAttribute to override 
      the Vehicles property. */
      SoapElementAttribute soapElement1 = 
      new SoapElementAttribute("Truck");
      // Set the SoapElement to the object.
      soapAttrs.SoapElement= soapElement1;

      /* Add the SoapAttributes to the SoapAttributeOverrides,
      specifying the member to override. */
      soapOverrides.Add(typeof(Transportation), "Vehicle", soapAttrs);

      // Create the XmlSerializer, and return it.
      XmlTypeMapping myTypeMapping = (new SoapReflectionImporter
      (soapOverrides)).ImportTypeMapping(typeof(Transportation));
      return new XmlSerializer(myTypeMapping);
   }

   public void SerializeOverride(string filename)
   {
      // Create an XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer ser = CreateSoapOverrider();

      // Create the object and serialize it.
      Transportation myTransportation = 
      new Transportation();

      myTransportation.Vehicle = "MyCar";
      myTransportation.CreationDate=DateTime.Now;
      myTransportation.thing = new Thing();

      XmlTextWriter writer = 
      new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8);
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper");
      ser.Serialize(writer, myTransportation);
      writer.WriteEndElement();
      writer.Close();
   }
   public void SerializeObject(string filename){
      // Create an XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));
      Transportation myTransportation = 
      new Transportation();
      myTransportation.Vehicle = "MyCar";
      myTransportation.CreationDate = DateTime.Now;
      myTransportation.thing = new Thing();
      XmlTextWriter writer = 
      new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8);
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper");
      ser.Serialize(writer, myTransportation);
      writer.WriteEndElement();
      writer.Close();
   }
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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