Export (0) Print
Expand All

XmlSchema Class

Contains the definition of a schema. All XML Schema definition language (XSD) elements are children of the schema element. Represents the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) schema element.

For a list of all members of this type, see XmlSchema Members.

System.Object
   System.Xml.Schema.XmlSchemaObject
      System.Xml.Schema.XmlSchema

[Visual Basic]
Public Class XmlSchema
   Inherits XmlSchemaObject
[C#]
public class XmlSchema : XmlSchemaObject
[C++]
public __gc class XmlSchema : public XmlSchemaObject
[JScript]
public class XmlSchema extends XmlSchemaObject

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Remarks

All XML Schema definition language (XSD) elements are children of the schema element.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example creates a schema definition.

[Visual Basic] 
Option Explicit
Option Strict

Imports System
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema

Class XMLSchemaExamples
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim schema As New XmlSchema()
        
        ' <xs:element name="cat" type="xs:string"/>
        Dim elementCat As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementCat)
        elementCat.Name = "cat"
        elementCat.SchemaTypeName = New XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema")
        
        ' <xs:element name="dog" type="xs:string"/>
        Dim elementDog As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementDog)
        elementDog.Name = "dog"
        elementDog.SchemaTypeName = New XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema")
        
        ' <xs:element name="redDog" substitutionGroup="dog" />
        Dim elementRedDog As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementRedDog)
        elementRedDog.Name = "redDog"
        elementRedDog.SubstitutionGroup = New XmlQualifiedName("dog")
        
        ' <xs:element name="brownDog" substitutionGroup ="dog" />
        Dim elementBrownDog As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementBrownDog)
        elementBrownDog.Name = "brownDog"
        elementBrownDog.SubstitutionGroup = New XmlQualifiedName("dog")
        
        ' <xs:element name="pets">
        Dim elementPets As New XmlSchemaElement()
        schema.Items.Add(elementPets)
        elementPets.Name = "pets"
        
        ' <xs:complexType>
        Dim complexType As New XmlSchemaComplexType()
        elementPets.SchemaType = complexType
        
        ' <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
        Dim choice As New XmlSchemaChoice()
        complexType.Particle = choice
        choice.MinOccurs = 0
        choice.MaxOccursString = "unbounded"
        
        ' <xs:element ref="cat"/>
        Dim catRef As New XmlSchemaElement()
        choice.Items.Add(catRef)
        catRef.RefName = New XmlQualifiedName("cat")
        
        ' <xs:element ref="dog"/>
        Dim dogRef As New XmlSchemaElement()
        choice.Items.Add(dogRef)
        dogRef.RefName = New XmlQualifiedName("dog")
        
        schema.Compile(AddressOf ValidationCallbackOne)
        Dim nsmgr As New XmlNamespaceManager(New NameTable())
        nsmgr.AddNamespace("xs", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema")
        schema.Write(Console.Out, nsmgr)
        

    End Sub 'Main
    
    
    Public Shared Sub ValidationCallbackOne(sender As Object, args As ValidationEventArgs)
        Console.WriteLine(args.Message)
    End Sub 'ValidationCallbackOne
End Class 'XMLSchemaExamples

[C#] 
using System;
using System.Xml;  
using System.Xml.Schema;

class XMLSchemaExamples {
    public static void Main() {
 
        XmlSchema schema = new XmlSchema();
        
        // <xs:element name="cat" type="xs:string"/>
        XmlSchemaElement elementCat = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementCat);
        elementCat.Name = "cat";
        elementCat.SchemaTypeName = new XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");
        
        // <xs:element name="dog" type="xs:string"/>
        XmlSchemaElement elementDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementDog);
        elementDog.Name = "dog";
        elementDog.SchemaTypeName = new XmlQualifiedName("string", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");

        // <xs:element name="redDog" substitutionGroup="dog" />
        XmlSchemaElement elementRedDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementRedDog);
        elementRedDog.Name = "redDog";
        elementRedDog.SubstitutionGroup = new XmlQualifiedName("dog");
        
        // <xs:element name="brownDog" substitutionGroup ="dog" />
        XmlSchemaElement elementBrownDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementBrownDog);
        elementBrownDog.Name = "brownDog";
        elementBrownDog.SubstitutionGroup = new XmlQualifiedName("dog");
        
        
        // <xs:element name="pets">
        XmlSchemaElement elementPets = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema.Items.Add(elementPets);
        elementPets.Name = "pets";
        
        // <xs:complexType>
        XmlSchemaComplexType complexType = new XmlSchemaComplexType();
        elementPets.SchemaType = complexType;
        
        // <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
        XmlSchemaChoice choice = new XmlSchemaChoice();
        complexType.Particle = choice;
        choice.MinOccurs = 0;
        choice.MaxOccursString = "unbounded";
        
        // <xs:element ref="cat"/>
        XmlSchemaElement catRef = new XmlSchemaElement();
        choice.Items.Add(catRef);
        catRef.RefName = new XmlQualifiedName("cat");
        
        // <xs:element ref="dog"/>
        XmlSchemaElement dogRef = new XmlSchemaElement();
        choice.Items.Add(dogRef);
        dogRef.RefName = new XmlQualifiedName("dog");
        
        schema.Compile(new ValidationEventHandler(ValidationCallbackOne));
     XmlNamespaceManager nsmgr = new XmlNamespaceManager(new NameTable());
        nsmgr.AddNamespace("xs", "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");
        schema.Write(Console.Out, nsmgr);
    }

    public static void ValidationCallbackOne(object sender, ValidationEventArgs args) {
        Console.WriteLine(args.Message);
    }
}

[C++] 
#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;  
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

__gc class XMLSchemaExamples {
public:
    static void main() {

        XmlSchema* schema = new XmlSchema();

        // <xs:element name="cat" type="xs:string"/>
        XmlSchemaElement* elementCat = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementCat);
        elementCat->Name = S"cat";
        elementCat->SchemaTypeName = new XmlQualifiedName(S"string", S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");

        // <xs:element name="dog" type="xs:string"/>
        XmlSchemaElement* elementDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementDog);
        elementDog->Name = S"dog";
        elementDog->SchemaTypeName = new XmlQualifiedName(S"string", S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");

        // <xs:element name="redDog" substitutionGroup="dog" />
        XmlSchemaElement* elementRedDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementRedDog);
        elementRedDog->Name = S"redDog";
        elementRedDog->SubstitutionGroup = new XmlQualifiedName(S"dog");

        // <xs:element name="brownDog" substitutionGroup ="dog" />
        XmlSchemaElement* elementBrownDog = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementBrownDog);
        elementBrownDog->Name = S"brownDog";
        elementBrownDog->SubstitutionGroup = new XmlQualifiedName(S"dog");


        // <xs:element name="pets">
        XmlSchemaElement* elementPets = new XmlSchemaElement();
        schema->Items->Add(elementPets);
        elementPets->Name = S"pets";

        // <xs:complexType>
        XmlSchemaComplexType* complexType = new XmlSchemaComplexType();
        elementPets->SchemaType = complexType;

        // <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
        XmlSchemaChoice* choice = new XmlSchemaChoice();
        complexType->Particle = choice;
        choice->MinOccurs = 0;
        choice->MaxOccursString = S"unbounded";

        // <xs:element ref="cat"/>
        XmlSchemaElement* catRef = new XmlSchemaElement();
        choice->Items->Add(catRef);
        catRef->RefName = new XmlQualifiedName(S"cat");

        // <xs:element ref="dog"/>
        XmlSchemaElement* dogRef = new XmlSchemaElement();
        choice->Items->Add(dogRef);
        dogRef->RefName = new XmlQualifiedName(S"dog");

        schema->Compile(new ValidationEventHandler(0, ValidationCallbackOne));
        XmlNamespaceManager* nsmgr = new XmlNamespaceManager(new NameTable());
        nsmgr->AddNamespace(S"xs", S"http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema");
        schema->Write(Console::Out,nsmgr);
    }

    static void ValidationCallbackOne(Object* /*sender*/, ValidationEventArgs* args) {
        Console::WriteLine(args->Message);
    }
};

int main()
{
    XMLSchemaExamples::main();
}

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following XML file is generated for the preceding code example.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="IBM437"?>
<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
    <xs:element name="cat" type="xs:string"/>
    <xs:element name="dog" type="xs:string"/>
    <xs:element name="redDog" type="xs:string" substitutionGroup="dog"/>
    <xs:element name="brownDog" type="xs:string" substitutionGroup ="dog" />

    <xs:element name="pets">
      <xs:complexType>
        <xs:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
          <xs:element ref="cat"/>
          <xs:element ref="dog"/>
        </xs:choice>
      </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Namespace: System.Xml.Schema

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

Assembly: System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

See Also

XmlSchema Members | System.Xml.Schema Namespace

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft