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MediaTimeline Class

Provides a Timeline for media content.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Media
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)
XMLNS for XAML: http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation, http://schemas.microsoft.com/netfx/2007/xaml/presentation

'Declaration
Public Class MediaTimeline _
	Inherits Timeline _
	Implements IUriContext
<MediaTimeline .../>

The MediaTimeline type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodMediaTimelineInitializes a new instance of the MediaTimeline class.
Public methodMediaTimeline(Nullable(Of TimeSpan))Initializes a new instance of the MediaTimeline that begins at the specified time.
Public methodMediaTimeline(Uri)Initializes a new instance of a MediaTimeline class using the supplied Uri as the media source.
Public methodMediaTimeline(Nullable(Of TimeSpan), Duration)Initializes a new instance of the MediaTimeline that begins at the specified time and lasts for the specified duration.
Public methodMediaTimeline(Nullable(Of TimeSpan), Duration, RepeatBehavior)Initializes a new instance of the MediaTimeline class that begins at the specified time over the specified time and has the specified repeat behavior.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyAccelerationRatioGets or sets a value specifying the percentage of the timeline's Duration spent accelerating the passage of time from zero to its maximum rate. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public propertyAutoReverseGets or sets a value that indicates whether the timeline plays in reverse after it completes a forward iteration. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public propertyBeginTimeGets or sets the time at which this Timeline should begin. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public propertyCanFreezeGets a value that indicates whether the object can be made unmodifiable. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public propertyDecelerationRatioGets or sets a value specifying the percentage of the timeline's Duration spent decelerating the passage of time from its maximum rate to zero. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public propertyDependencyObjectTypeGets the DependencyObjectType that wraps the CLR type of this instance.  (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public propertyDispatcherGets the Dispatcher this DispatcherObject is associated with. (Inherited from DispatcherObject.)
Public propertyDurationGets or sets the length of time for which this timeline plays, not counting repetitions. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public propertyFillBehaviorGets or sets a value that specifies how the Timeline behaves after it reaches the end of its active period. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public propertyHasAnimatedPropertiesGets a value that indicates whether one or more AnimationClock objects is associated with any of this object's dependency properties. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public propertyIsFrozenGets a value that indicates whether the object is currently modifiable. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public propertyIsSealedGets a value that indicates whether this instance is currently sealed (read-only). (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public propertyName Gets or sets the name of this Timeline. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public propertyRepeatBehaviorGets or sets the repeating behavior of this timeline. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public propertySourceGets or sets the media source associated with the timeline.
Public propertySpeedRatioGets or sets the rate, relative to its parent, at which time progresses for this Timeline. (Inherited from Timeline.)
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  NameDescription
Protected methodAllocateClockCreates a MediaClock for this timeline. (Overrides Timeline.AllocateClock.)
Public methodApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock)Applies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. If the property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior)Applies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. If the property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodBeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline)Applies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. If the specified property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodBeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior)Applies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. If the specified property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodCheckAccessDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject. (Inherited from DispatcherObject.)
Public methodClearValue(DependencyProperty)Clears the local value of a property. The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyProperty identifier. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey)Clears the local value of a read-only property. The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyPropertyKey. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodCloneCreates a modifiable clone of this MediaTimeline, making deep copies of this object's values. When copying dependency properties, this method copies resource references and data bindings (but they might no longer resolve) but not animations or their current values.
Protected methodCloneCoreMakes this instance a deep copy of the specified MediaTimeline. When copying dependency properties, this method copies resource references and data bindings (but they might no longer resolve) but not animations or their current values. (Overrides Freezable.CloneCore(Freezable).)
Public methodCloneCurrentValueCreates a modifiable clone of this MediaTimeline object, making deep copies of this object's current values. Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are.
Protected methodCloneCurrentValueCoreMakes this instance a modifiable deep copy of the specified MediaTimeline using current property values. Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are. (Overrides Freezable.CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable).)
Public methodCoerceValueCoerces the value of the specified dependency property. This is accomplished by invoking any CoerceValueCallback function specified in property metadata for the dependency property as it exists on the calling DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodCreateClockCreates a new MediaClock associated with the MediaTimeline.
Public methodCreateClock(Boolean)Creates a new Clock from this Timeline and specifies whether the new Clock is controllable. If this Timeline has children, a tree of clocks is created with this Timeline as the root. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Protected methodCreateInstanceInitializes a new instance of the Freezable class. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodCreateInstanceCoreCreates a new instance of the MediaTimeline. (Overrides Freezable.CreateInstanceCore.)
Public methodEqualsDetermines whether a provided DependencyObject is equivalent to the current DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFreezeMakes the current object unmodifiable and sets its IsFrozen property to true. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodFreezeCoreMakes this instance of MediaTimeline unmodifiable or determines whether it can be made unmodifiable. (Overrides Timeline.FreezeCore(Boolean).)
Public methodGetAnimationBaseValueReturns the non-animated value of the specified DependencyProperty. (Inherited from Animatable.)
Public methodGetAsFrozenCreates a frozen copy of the Freezable, using base (non-animated) property values. Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodGetAsFrozenCoreMakes this instance a clone of the specified MediaTimeline object. (Overrides Timeline.GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable).)
Public methodGetCurrentValueAsFrozenCreates a frozen copy of the Freezable using current property values. Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodGetCurrentValueAsFrozenCoreMakes this instance a frozen clone of the specified MediaTimeline. Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are. (Overrides Timeline.GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable).)
Public methodGetHashCodeGets a hash code for this DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodGetLocalValueEnumeratorCreates a specialized enumerator for determining which dependency properties have locally set values on this DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodGetNaturalDurationReturns the length of a single iteration of this Timeline. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Protected methodGetNaturalDurationCoreRetrieves the Duration from a specified clock. (Overrides Timeline.GetNaturalDurationCore(Clock).)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetValueReturns the current effective value of a dependency property on this instance of a DependencyObject. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodInvalidatePropertyRe-evaluates the effective value for the specified dependency property (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodOnChangedCalled when the current Freezable object is modified. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodOnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject)Ensures that appropriate context pointers are established for a DependencyObjectType data member that has just been set. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodOnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty)This member supports the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodOnPropertyChangedOverrides the DependencyObject implementation of OnPropertyChanged to also invoke any Changed handlers in response to a changing dependency property of type Freezable. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public methodReadLocalValueReturns the local value of a dependency property, if it exists. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodReadPreambleEnsures that the Freezable is being accessed from a valid thread. Inheritors of Freezable must call this method at the beginning of any API that reads data members that are not dependency properties. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public methodSetCurrentValueSets the value of a dependency property without changing its value source. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSetValue(DependencyProperty, Object)Sets the local value of a dependency property, specified by its dependency property identifier. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodSetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object)Sets the local value of a read-only dependency property, specified by the DependencyPropertyKey identifier of the dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Protected methodShouldSerializePropertyReturns a value that indicates whether serialization processes should serialize the value for the provided dependency property. (Inherited from DependencyObject.)
Public methodToStringReturns the string that represents the media source. (Overrides Object.ToString.)
Public methodVerifyAccessEnforces that the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject. (Inherited from DispatcherObject.)
Protected methodWritePostscriptRaises the Changed event for the Freezable and invokes its OnChanged method. Classes that derive from Freezable should call this method at the end of any API that modifies class members that are not stored as dependency properties. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Protected methodWritePreambleVerifies that the Freezable is not frozen and that it is being accessed from a valid threading context. Freezable inheritors should call this method at the beginning of any API that writes to data members that are not dependency properties. (Inherited from Freezable.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventChangedOccurs when the Freezable or an object it contains is modified. (Inherited from Freezable.)
Public eventCompletedOccurs when this timeline has completely finished playing: it will no longer enter its active period. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public eventCurrentGlobalSpeedInvalidatedOccurs when the rate at which time progresses for the timeline's clock changes. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public eventCurrentStateInvalidatedOccurs when the CurrentState property of the timeline's Clock is updated. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public eventCurrentTimeInvalidatedOccurs when the CurrentTime property of the timeline's Clock is updated. (Inherited from Timeline.)
Public eventRemoveRequestedOccurs when the clock created for this timeline or one of its parent timelines is removed. (Inherited from Timeline.)
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  NameDescription
Public fieldStatic memberSourcePropertyIdentifies the Source dependency property.
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIUriContext.BaseUriGets or sets the base URI of the current application context.
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MediaTimeline is a Timeline object which provides control over media timing in the same way that animation timeline objects control animations. For example, a MediaTimeline has associated Duration and BeginTime properties can be used to specify when media begins and how long it plays. See Animation Overview for more information on animation timelines.

There are two ways to associate a Timeline to a MediaElement using a MediaTimeline.

  1. Inside of a Storyboard, when a MediaTimeline is targets a MediaElement, a MediaClock will be created and assigned to the MediaElement’s associated player. See How to: Control a MediaElement by Using a Storyboard for an example;

  2. By explicitly creating a MediaClock from a MediaTimeline and assigning it to a MediaElement.

If the Duration of the MediaTimeline is set to Automatic (default), the duration of MediaTimeline is the natural duration of the media source. To find the natural duration of the media source programmatically, query the NaturalDuration property of the MediaElement.

This example shows how to control a MediaElement by using a MediaTimeline in a Storyboard.

When you use a MediaTimeline in a Storyboard to control the timing of a MediaElement, the functionality is identical to the functionality of other Timeline objects, such as animations. For example, a MediaTimeline uses Timeline properties like the BeginTime property to specify when to start a MediaElement (start media playback). It also uses the Duration property to specify how long the MediaElement is active (duration of media playback). For more information about using Timeline objects with a Storyboard, see Storyboards Overview.

This example shows how to create a simple media player that uses a MediaTimeline to control playback. The media player includes play, pause, resume, and stop buttons. The player also has a Slider control that acts as a progress bar.

The following example creates the user interface (UI) for the media player.

<Page xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" 
  x:Class="SDKSample.MediaTimelineExample" >

  <StackPanel Background="Black">

    <MediaElement Name="myMediaElement" MediaOpened="Element_MediaOpened"
     Width="260" Height="150" Stretch="Fill" />

    <!-- Button controls for play, pause, resume, and stop. -->
  <StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Center" Width="260" Orientation="Horizontal">
    <Image Name="PlayButton" Source="images\UI_play.gif" Margin="30,10,10,10" />
    <Image Name="PauseButton" Source="images\UI_pause.gif" Margin="10" />
    <Image Name="ResumeButton" Source="images\UI_resume.gif" Margin="10" />
    <Image Name="StopButton" Source="images\UI_stop.gif" Margin="10" />
  </StackPanel>

  <!-- Ths slider shows the progress of the media. -->
  <Slider Name="timelineSlider" Margin="5" Width="250" HorizontalAlignment="Center"/>

  <StackPanel.Triggers>
    <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Image.MouseDown" SourceName="PlayButton">
      <EventTrigger.Actions>
        <BeginStoryboard Name= "myBegin">

          <Storyboard SlipBehavior="Slip">

            <!-- The MediaTimeline controls the timing of the video and acts like other Timeline objects.  
                 For example, although the video clip (numbers.wmv) lasts longer, playback ends after six  
                 seconds because that is the duration of the MediaTimeline (Duration="0:0:6"). -->
            <MediaTimeline Source="media\numbers.wmv" Storyboard.TargetName="myMediaElement"  
             BeginTime="0:0:0" Duration="0:0:6" CurrentTimeInvalidated="MediaTimeChanged" />

          </Storyboard>
        </BeginStoryboard>
      </EventTrigger.Actions>
    </EventTrigger>

    <!-- These triggers impliment the functionality of the Pause, Resume
         and Stop buttons.-->
    <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Image.MouseDown" SourceName="PauseButton">
      <EventTrigger.Actions>
        <PauseStoryboard BeginStoryboardName="myBegin" />
      </EventTrigger.Actions>
    </EventTrigger>
    <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Image.MouseDown" SourceName="ResumeButton">
      <EventTrigger.Actions>
        <ResumeStoryboard BeginStoryboardName="myBegin" />
      </EventTrigger.Actions>
    </EventTrigger>
    <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Image.MouseDown" SourceName="StopButton">
      <EventTrigger.Actions>
        <StopStoryboard BeginStoryboardName="myBegin" />
      </EventTrigger.Actions>
    </EventTrigger>
  </StackPanel.Triggers>

</StackPanel>
</Page>

The following example creates the functionality for the progress bar.

Imports System
Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Windows.Media


Namespace SDKSample

    Partial Class MediaTimelineExample
        Inherits Page
        ' When the media opens, initialize the "Seek To" slider maximum value 
        ' to the total number of miliseconds in the length of the media clip. 
        Private Sub Element_MediaOpened(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As RoutedEventArgs)
            timelineSlider.Maximum = myMediaElement.NaturalDuration.TimeSpan.TotalMilliseconds

        End Sub 'Element_MediaOpened


        Private Sub MediaTimeChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            timelineSlider.Value = myMediaElement.Position.TotalMilliseconds

        End Sub 'MediaTimeChanged
    End Class 'MediaTimelineExample
End Namespace 'SDKSample

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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