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BitmapFrame Class

Represents image data returned by a decoder and accepted by encoders.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Media.Imaging
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)

public abstract class BitmapFrame : BitmapSource, 
	IUriContext
This class is abstract; see Inheritance Hierarchy for derived non-abstract classes usable in XAML.

BitmapFrame provides additional functionality not defined by BitmapSource by providing access to the Thumbnail associated with a particular frame of an image. BitmapFrame also supports the writing of metadata information by using the Metadata property or the CreateInPlaceBitmapMetadataWriter method.

Any BitmapFrame returned from a decoder is always frozen. If you require a modifiable copy, you must first create a copy of the BitmapFrame by using the Clone method.

Only Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) and Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) format images support multiple frames.

The following code example demonstrates how to create a new BitmapSource by using a BitmapFrame.

int width = 128;
int height = width;
int stride = width/8;
byte[] pixels = new byte[height*stride];

// Try creating a new image with a custom palette.
List<System.Windows.Media.Color> colors = new List<System.Windows.Media.Color>();
colors.Add(System.Windows.Media.Colors.Red);
colors.Add(System.Windows.Media.Colors.Blue);
colors.Add(System.Windows.Media.Colors.Green);
BitmapPalette myPalette = new BitmapPalette(colors);

// Creates a new empty image with the pre-defined palette

BitmapSource image = BitmapSource.Create(
    width,
    height,
    96,
    96,
    PixelFormats.Indexed1,
    myPalette, 
    pixels, 
    stride);

FileStream stream = new FileStream("empty.tif", FileMode.Create);
TiffBitmapEncoder encoder = new TiffBitmapEncoder();
TextBlock myTextBlock = new TextBlock();
myTextBlock.Text = "Codec Author is: " + encoder.CodecInfo.Author.ToString();
encoder.Frames.Add(BitmapFrame.Create(image));
MessageBox.Show(myPalette.Colors.Count.ToString());
encoder.Save(stream);

The following code example demonstrates how to use the BitmapFrame object to open a Portable Network Graphics (PNG) graphic and write metadata by using the CreateInPlaceBitmapMetadataWriter method.

Stream pngStream = new System.IO.FileStream("smiley.png", FileMode.Open, FileAccess.ReadWrite, FileShare.ReadWrite);
PngBitmapDecoder pngDecoder = new PngBitmapDecoder(pngStream, BitmapCreateOptions.PreservePixelFormat, BitmapCacheOption.Default);
BitmapFrame pngFrame = pngDecoder.Frames[0];
InPlaceBitmapMetadataWriter pngInplace = pngFrame.CreateInPlaceBitmapMetadataWriter();
if (pngInplace.TrySave() == true)
{ pngInplace.SetQuery("/Text/Description", "Have a nice day."); }
pngStream.Close();

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0

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