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Vector3DKeyFrame.KeyTime Property

Gets or sets the time at which the key frame's target Value should be reached.

Namespace: System.Windows.Media.Animation
Assembly: PresentationCore (in presentationcore.dll)
XML Namespace:  http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation

public KeyTime KeyTime { get; set; }
/** @property */
public final KeyTime get_KeyTime ()

/** @property */
public final void set_KeyTime (KeyTime value)

public final function get KeyTime () : KeyTime

public final function set KeyTime (value : KeyTime)

<object KeyTime="KeyTime" .../>

Property Value

The time at which the key frame's current value should be equal to its Value property. The default value is Uniform.

Identifier Field

KeyTimeProperty

Metadata Flags

None

In the following example, Point3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames is used to animate the position of a PerspectiveCamera in a 3D scene. In addition, Vector3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames is used to animate the direction the camera is pointing in the 3D scene. Both of these animations use several key frames which create a series of animation effects:

  1. LinearPoint3DKeyFrame and LinearVector3DKeyFrame are used to create a smooth, linear interpolation between values.

  2. DiscretePoint3DKeyFrame and DiscreteVector3DKeyFrame are used to create sudden "jumps" between values (no interpolation).

  3. SplinePoint3DKeyFrame and SplineVector3DKeyFrame are used to create a variable transition between values depending on the KeySpline property. In the example below, the animation starts off slow but toward the end of the time segment, speeds up exponentially.

<Page xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml" >
  <DockPanel>
    <Viewbox>
      <Canvas Width="321" Height="201">

        <Viewport3D Name="MyAnimatedObject"
          ClipToBounds="True" Width="150" Height="150"
          Canvas.Left="0" Canvas.Top="10">

          <!-- Defines the camera used to view the 3D object. The position and direction of this 
               camera is animated in the Storyboard below. -->
          <Viewport3D.Camera>
            <PerspectiveCamera x:Name="myPerspectiveCamera" Position="0,0,2" LookDirection="0,0,-1" 
             FieldOfView="45" />
          </Viewport3D.Camera>
          <Viewport3D.Children>
            <ModelVisual3D>
              <ModelVisual3D.Children>

                <!-- This resource defines the 3D cube that is used in this example.-->
                <StaticResource ResourceKey="PictureCubeModelVisual3DResource" />
              </ModelVisual3D.Children>

            </ModelVisual3D>
          </Viewport3D.Children>
          <Viewport3D.Triggers>
            <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Viewport3D.Loaded">
              <BeginStoryboard>
                <Storyboard>

                  <!-- This animation moves the camera around the object. The object is not
                       changing position or rotating but moving the camera makes it appear that
                       it is.-->
                  <Point3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames
                   Storyboard.TargetName="myPerspectiveCamera" 
                   Storyboard.TargetProperty="Position" >
                    <Point3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames.KeyFrames>

                      <!-- Using a LinearPoint3DKeyFrame, the camera moves steadily from its
                           starting position to a new position that is to the upper right and a 
                           little farther away. This happens over the first second of the animation. -->
                      <LinearPoint3DKeyFrame Value="1,2,3" KeyTime="0:0:1" />

                      <!-- Using a DiscretePoint3DKeyFrame, the camera suddenly moves farther away
                           from the object. This happens immdeiately after the first 1 and a half second
                           of the animation. -->
                      <DiscretePoint3DKeyFrame Value="1,2,5" KeyTime="0:0:1.5" />

                      <!-- Using a SplinePoint3DKeyFrame, the camera moves back to its starting point. The
                           animation starts out slowly at first and then speeds up. This KeyFrame ends 
                           after the fourth second. -->
                      <SplinePoint3DKeyFrame KeySpline="0.6,0.0 0.9,0.00" Value="0,0,2" KeyTime="0:0:4" />
                    </Point3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames.KeyFrames>
                  </Point3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames>


                  <!-- As the position of the camera changes using the Point3DAnimation
                       above, the direction the camera is pointing swivels to keep the object
                       within the view of the camera. -->
                  <Vector3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames
                   Storyboard.TargetName="myPerspectiveCamera" 
                   Storyboard.TargetProperty="LookDirection" >
                    <Vector3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames.KeyFrames>

                      <!-- Using a LinearVector3DKeyFrame, the camera swivels steadily from its
                           starting position down and to the left. This happens over the 
                           first second of the animation. -->
                      <LinearVector3DKeyFrame Value="-1,-2,-3" KeyTime="0:0:1" />

                      <!-- Using a DiscreteVector3DKeyFrame, the camera suddenly swivels up. This happens  
                           immdeiately after the first 1 and a half second of the animation. -->
                      <DiscreteVector3DKeyFrame Value="-1,-1,-3" KeyTime="0:0:1.5" />

                      <!-- Using a SplineVector3DKeyFrame, the camera swivels back to its starting point. 
                           The animation starts out slowly at first and then speeds up. This KeyFrame ends 
                           after the fourth second. -->
                      <SplineVector3DKeyFrame KeySpline="0.6,0.0 0.9,0.00" Value="0,0,-1" KeyTime="0:0:4" />
                      
                    </Vector3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames.KeyFrames>
                  </Vector3DAnimationUsingKeyFrames>

                </Storyboard>
              </BeginStoryboard>
            </EventTrigger>
          </Viewport3D.Triggers>
        </Viewport3D>
      </Canvas>

    </Viewbox>
  </DockPanel>
</Page>

More Code

How to: Control Key-Frame Animation Timing

This example shows how to control the timing of key frames within a key-frame animation. Like other animations, key-frame animations have a Duration property. In addition to specifying the duration of an animation, you need to specify what part of that duration is allotted to each of its key frames. To allot the time, you specify a KeyTime for each key frame in the animation.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0

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