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MatrixAnimationUsingPath Class

Animates the value of a Matrix property between two or more target values using a PathGeometry to specify those values. This animation can be used to move a visual object along a path.

Namespace: System.Windows.Media.Animation
Assembly: PresentationCore (in presentationcore.dll)
XML Namespace:  http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation

public class MatrixAnimationUsingPath : MatrixAnimationBase
public class MatrixAnimationUsingPath extends MatrixAnimationBase
public class MatrixAnimationUsingPath extends MatrixAnimationBase
<MatrixAnimationUsingPath .../>

MatrixAnimationUsingPath enables you to animate the angle and position of an object with a single animation and MatrixTransform.

A PointAnimationUsingPath animates its target by using linear interpolation over the specified Duration.

This example shows how to use the MatrixAnimationUsingPath class to animate an object along a path that is defined by a PathGeometry.

The following example animates an object along a path by doing the following:

  • Applies a MatrixTransform to the object in order to move it.

  • Defines the path by using a PathGeometry.

  • Creates a MatrixAnimationUsingPath and uses it to animate the Matrix property of the MatrixTransform. The MatrixAnimationUsingPath takes the PathGeometry and uses it to generate Matrix values.

<Page 
  xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation" 
  xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
  xmlns:PresentationOptions="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation/options" 
  xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
  mc:Ignorable="PresentationOptions" Margin="20">
  <Canvas Width="400" Height="400">
      
    <!-- The Button that is animated across the screen by animating
         the MatrixTransform applied to the button. -->
    <Button MinWidth="100" Content="A Button">
      <Button.RenderTransform>
        <MatrixTransform x:Name="ButtonMatrixTransform" />
      </Button.RenderTransform>
      <Button.Triggers>
        <EventTrigger RoutedEvent="Button.Loaded">
          <BeginStoryboard>
            <Storyboard>
              <MatrixAnimationUsingPath
                Storyboard.TargetName="ButtonMatrixTransform"
                Storyboard.TargetProperty="Matrix"
                Duration="0:0:5" 
                RepeatBehavior="Forever" >
                <MatrixAnimationUsingPath.PathGeometry>
                  <PathGeometry  
                    Figures="M 10,100 C 35,0 135,0 160,100 180,190 285,200 310,100"
                    PresentationOptions:Freeze="True" />
                </MatrixAnimationUsingPath.PathGeometry>
              </MatrixAnimationUsingPath>
            </Storyboard>
          </BeginStoryboard>
        </EventTrigger>
      </Button.Triggers>
    </Button>
  </Canvas>
</Page>

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;


namespace SDKSample
{

    /// <summary>
    /// Shows how to animate an object along
    /// a geometric path.
    /// </summary>
    public class MatrixAnimationUsingPathExample : Page
    {

        public MatrixAnimationUsingPathExample()
        {
            this.Margin = new Thickness(20);

            // Create a NameScope for the page so that
            // we can use Storyboards.
            NameScope.SetNameScope(this, new NameScope());

            // Create a button.
            Button aButton = new Button();
            aButton.MinWidth = 100;
            aButton.Content = "A Button";

            // Create a MatrixTransform. This transform
            // will be used to move the button.
            MatrixTransform buttonMatrixTransform = new MatrixTransform();
            aButton.RenderTransform = buttonMatrixTransform;

            // Register the transform's name with the page
            // so that it can be targeted by a Storyboard.
            this.RegisterName("ButtonMatrixTransform", buttonMatrixTransform);

            // Create a Canvas to contain the button
            // and add it to the page.
            // Although this example uses a Canvas,
            // any type of panel will work.
            Canvas mainPanel = new Canvas();
            mainPanel.Width = 400;
            mainPanel.Height = 400;
            mainPanel.Children.Add(aButton);
            this.Content = mainPanel;

            // Create the animation path.
            PathGeometry animationPath = new PathGeometry();
            PathFigure pFigure = new PathFigure();
            pFigure.StartPoint = new Point(10, 100);
            PolyBezierSegment pBezierSegment = new PolyBezierSegment();
            pBezierSegment.Points.Add(new Point(35, 0));
            pBezierSegment.Points.Add(new Point(135, 0));
            pBezierSegment.Points.Add(new Point(160, 100));
            pBezierSegment.Points.Add(new Point(180, 190));
            pBezierSegment.Points.Add(new Point(285, 200));
            pBezierSegment.Points.Add(new Point(310, 100));
            pFigure.Segments.Add(pBezierSegment);
            animationPath.Figures.Add(pFigure);

            // Freeze the PathGeometry for performance benefits.
            animationPath.Freeze();

            // Create a MatrixAnimationUsingPath to move the
            // button along the path by animating
            // its MatrixTransform.
            MatrixAnimationUsingPath matrixAnimation =
                new MatrixAnimationUsingPath();
            matrixAnimation.PathGeometry = animationPath;
            matrixAnimation.Duration = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(5);
            matrixAnimation.RepeatBehavior = RepeatBehavior.Forever;

            // Set the animation to target the Matrix property
            // of the MatrixTransform named "ButtonMatrixTransform".
            Storyboard.SetTargetName(matrixAnimation, "ButtonMatrixTransform");
            Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(matrixAnimation, 
                new PropertyPath(MatrixTransform.MatrixProperty));
      
            // Create a Storyboard to contain and apply the animation.
            Storyboard pathAnimationStoryboard = new Storyboard();
            pathAnimationStoryboard.Children.Add(matrixAnimation);

            // Start the storyboard when the button is loaded.
            aButton.Loaded += delegate(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
            {
                // Start the storyboard.
                pathAnimationStoryboard.Begin(this);
            };



        }  
    }
}

For the complete sample, see Path Animation Sample. For more information about geometric paths, see the Geometry Overview.

More Code

How to: Animate an Object Along a Path (Matrix Animation with Offset Accumulation)

This example shows how to use the MatrixAnimationUsingPath class to animate an object along a path and have that animation accumulate its offset values as it repeats.

How to: Rotate an Object by Using a Geometric Path (Matrix Animation)

This example shows how to use a MatrixAnimationUsingPath and a MatrixTransform to rotate (pivot) an object along a geometric path defined by a PathGeometry object.

System.Object
   System.Windows.Threading.DispatcherObject
     System.Windows.DependencyObject
       System.Windows.Freezable
         System.Windows.Media.Animation.Animatable
           System.Windows.Media.Animation.Timeline
             System.Windows.Media.Animation.AnimationTimeline
               System.Windows.Media.Animation.MatrixAnimationBase
                System.Windows.Media.Animation.MatrixAnimationUsingPath

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0

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