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RoutedCommand.CanExecute Method

Determines whether this RoutedCommand can execute in its current state.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Input
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)
public bool CanExecute(
	Object parameter,
	IInputElement target
)

Parameters

parameter
Type: System.Object

A user defined data type.

target
Type: System.Windows.IInputElement

The command target.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the command can execute on the current command target; otherwise, false.
ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

target is not a UIElement or ContentElement.

The actual logic that determines if a RoutedCommand can execute on the current command target is not contained in the CanExecute methods, rather CanExecute raises the PreviewCanExecute and the CanExecute events which tunnel and bubble through element tree looking for a object with a CommandBinding. If a CommandBinding for that RoutedCommand is found, then the CanExecuteRoutedEventHandler attached to CommandBinding is called. These handlers supply the programming logic for determining if the RoutedCommand can execute or not.

The PreviewCanExecute and PreviewExecuted events are raised on the CommandTarget. If the CommandTarget is not set on the ICommandSource, the PreviewCanExecute and CanExecute events are raised on the element with keyboard focus.

The following example is a CanExecuteChanged event handler from a custom implementation of ICommandSource.

this.Command in this example is the Command property on the ICommandSource. If the command is not null, the command is cast to a RoutedCommand. If the command is a RoutedCommand, then the CanExecute method is called passing the CommandTarget and the CommandParameter. If command is not a RoutedCommand, it is cast to an ICommand and the CanExecute method is called passing the CommandParameter.

If the CanExecute method returns true, then the control is enabled; otherwise, the control is disable.

private void CanExecuteChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
{

    if (this.Command != null)
    {
        RoutedCommand command = this.Command as RoutedCommand;

        // If a RoutedCommand. 
        if (command != null)
        {
            if (command.CanExecute(CommandParameter, CommandTarget))
            {
                this.IsEnabled = true;
            }
            else
            {
                this.IsEnabled = false;
            }
        }
        // If a not RoutedCommand. 
        else
        {
            if (Command.CanExecute(CommandParameter))
            {
                this.IsEnabled = true;
            }
            else
            {
                this.IsEnabled = false;
            }
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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