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RoutedCommand Class

Defines a command that implements ICommand and is routed through the element tree.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Input
Assembly:  PresentationCore (in PresentationCore.dll)
XMLNS for XAML: http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation, http://schemas.microsoft.com/netfx/2007/xaml/presentation

[TypeConverterAttribute("System.Windows.Input.CommandConverter, PresentationFramework, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35, Custom=null")]
public class RoutedCommand : ICommand
<RoutedCommand .../>
<object property="predefinedCommandName"/>- or -<object property="predefinedClassName.predefinedCommandName"/>- or -<object property="{x:Static customClassName.customCommandName}"/>

XAML Values

predefinedClassName

One of the predefined command classes.

predefinedCommandName

One of the predefined commands.

customClassName

A custom class which contains the custom command. Custom classes generally require an xlmns prefix mapping; see XAML Namespaces and Namespace Mapping.

customCommandName

A custom command.

The Execute and CanExecute methods on a RoutedCommand do not contain the application logic for the command as is the case with a typical ICommand, but rather, these methods raise events that traverse the element tree looking for an object with a CommandBinding. The event handlers attached to the CommandBinding contain the command logic.

The Execute method raises the PreviewExecuted and Executed events. The CanExecute method raises the PreviewCanExecute and CanExecute events.

This example shows how to create a custom RoutedCommand and how to implement the custom command by creating a ExecutedRoutedEventHandler and a CanExecuteRoutedEventHandler and attaching them to a CommandBinding. For more information on commanding, see the Commanding Overview.

The first step in creating a RoutedCommand is defining the command and instantiating it.

public static RoutedCommand CustomRoutedCommand = new RoutedCommand();

In order to use the command in an application, event handlers which define what the command does must be created

private void ExecutedCustomCommand(object sender,
    ExecutedRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    MessageBox.Show("Custom Command Executed");
}
// CanExecuteRoutedEventHandler that only returns true if 
// the source is a control. 
private void CanExecuteCustomCommand(object sender, 
    CanExecuteRoutedEventArgs e)
{
    Control target = e.Source as Control;

    if(target != null)
    {
        e.CanExecute = true;
    }
    else
    {
        e.CanExecute = false;
    }
}

Next, a CommandBinding is created which associates the command with the event handlers. The CommandBinding is created on a specific object. This object defines the scope of the CommandBinding in the element tree

<Window x:Class="SDKSamples.Window1"
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    xmlns:custom="clr-namespace:SDKSamples"
    Height="600" Width="800"
    >
  <Window.CommandBindings>
    <CommandBinding Command="{x:Static custom:Window1.CustomRoutedCommand}"
                    Executed="ExecutedCustomCommand"
                    CanExecute="CanExecuteCustomCommand" />
  </Window.CommandBindings>
CommandBinding customCommandBinding = new CommandBinding(
    CustomRoutedCommand, ExecutedCustomCommand, CanExecuteCustomCommand);

// attach CommandBinding to root window 
this.CommandBindings.Add(customCommandBinding);

The final step is invoking the command. One way to invoke a command is to associate it with a ICommandSource, such as a Button.

<StackPanel>
  <Button Command="{x:Static custom:Window1.CustomRoutedCommand}"
          Content="CustomRoutedCommand"/>
</StackPanel>
// create the ui
StackPanel CustomCommandStackPanel = new StackPanel();
Button CustomCommandButton = new Button();
CustomCommandStackPanel.Children.Add(CustomCommandButton);

CustomCommandButton.Command = CustomRoutedCommand;

When the Button is clicked, the Execute method on the custom RoutedCommand is called. The RoutedCommand raises the PreviewExecuted and Executed routed events. These events traverse the element tree looking for a CommandBinding for this particular command. If a CommandBinding is found, the ExecutedRoutedEventHandler associated with CommandBinding is called.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0

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