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ValidationConstraints Enumeration

Defines constants that inform ValidateChildren about how it should validate a container's child controls.

This enumeration has a FlagsAttribute attribute that allows a bitwise combination of its member values.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

'Declaration
<FlagsAttribute> _
Public Enumeration ValidationConstraints

Member nameDescription
NoneValidates all child controls, and all children of these child controls, regardless of their property settings.
SelectableValidates child controls that can be selected.
EnabledValidates child controls whose Enabled property is set to true.
VisibleValidates child controls whose Visible property is set to true.
TabStopValidates child controls that have a TabStop value set, which means that the user can navigate to the control using the TAB key.
ImmediateChildrenValidates child controls that are directly hosted within the container. Does not validate any of the children of these children. For example, if you have a Form that contains a custom UserControl, and the UserControl contains a Button, using ImmediateChildren will cause the Validating event of the UserControl to occur, but not the Validating event of the Button.

By default, ValidateChildren will validate all enabled controls in a container, such as a form. Use this enumeration to restrict the types of controls whose Validating event is raised.

You can combine these enumerated values together with a bitwise OR operation. Combining parameters with a bitwise OR operator will result in a logical AND operation. For example, calling ValidateChildren(ValidationConstraints.ImmediateChildren | ValidationConstraints.Enabled) will only raise the Validating event on controls that are both immediate children of the container AND are enabled.

If you do not specify ImmediateChildren when you call ValidateChildren, the method will require that you validate all child controls in the control hierarchy.

The following code example will only cause the Validating event to be raised for immediate children of the form whose Enabled property is true.


Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Namespace ValidateChildrenWithConstraints
    _
    Class Form1
        Inherits Form

        Public Overloads Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
            Application.EnableVisualStyles()
            Application.Run(New Form1())
        End Sub

        Private Sub New()
            AddHandler Me.Load, AddressOf Form1_Load
        End Sub

        Dim WithEvents TextBox1, TextBox2, TextBox3 As TextBox
        Dim FlowPanel1 As FlowLayoutPanel
        Dim WithEvents SubTextBox1 As TextBox
        Dim WithEvents Button1 As Button

        Sub Form1_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
            ' Create controls on form.

            Me.Size = New Size(500, 300)
            Me.AutoValidate = AutoValidate.Disable

            TextBox1 = New TextBox()
            TextBox1.Location = New Point(20, 20)
            TextBox1.Size = New Size(75, TextBox1.Size.Height)
            TextBox1.CausesValidation = True
            Me.Controls.Add(TextBox1)

            TextBox2 = New TextBox()
            TextBox2.Location = New Point(105, 20)
            TextBox2.Size = New Size(75, TextBox2.Size.Height)
            TextBox2.CausesValidation = True
            Me.Controls.Add(TextBox2)

            TextBox3 = New TextBox()
            TextBox3.Location = New Point(190, 20)
            TextBox3.Size = New Size(75, TextBox3.Size.Height)
            TextBox3.Enabled = False
            TextBox3.CausesValidation = True
            Me.Controls.Add(TextBox3)

            Button1 = New Button()
            Button1.Text = "Click"
            Button1.Location = New Point(270, 20)
            Me.Controls.Add(Button1)

            FlowPanel1 = New FlowLayoutPanel()
            FlowPanel1.Size = New Size(400, 100)
            FlowPanel1.Dock = DockStyle.Bottom
            SubTextBox1 = New TextBox()
            SubTextBox1.CausesValidation = True
            FlowPanel1.Controls.Add(SubTextBox1)
            Me.Controls.Add(FlowPanel1)
        End Sub 'Form1_Load


        Sub SubTextBox1_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles SubTextBox1.Validating
            MessageBox.Show("SubTextBox1 Validating!")
        End Sub 'SubTextBox1_Validating


        Sub TextBox1_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles TextBox1.Validating
            MessageBox.Show("TextBox1 Validating!")
        End Sub 'TextBox1_Validating


        Sub TextBox2_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles TextBox2.Validating
            MessageBox.Show("TextBox2 Validating!")
        End Sub 'TextBox2_Validating


        Sub TextBox3_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles TextBox3.Validating
            MessageBox.Show("TextBox3 Validating!")
        End Sub 'TextBox3_Validating


        Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs) Handles button1.Click
            Me.ValidateChildren((ValidationConstraints.ImmediateChildren Or ValidationConstraints.Enabled))
        End Sub 'Button1_Click
    End Class 'Form1
End Namespace 'ValidateChildrenWithConstraints


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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