Export (0) Print
Expand All

ScrollBarRenderer Class

Provides methods used to render a scroll bar control with visual styles. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace: System.Windows.Forms
Assembly: System.Windows.Forms (in system.windows.forms.dll)

public sealed class ScrollBarRenderer
public final class ScrollBarRenderer
public final class ScrollBarRenderer
Not applicable.

The ScrollBarRenderer class provides a set of static methods that can be used to render a scroll bar control with the current visual style of the operating system. Rendering a control refers to drawing the user interface of a control. This is useful if you are drawing a custom control that should have the appearance of the current visual style. To draw a scroll bar, use a combination of the methods in this class to render each part of the scroll bar.

If visual styles are enabled in the operating system and visual styles are applied to the client area of application windows, the methods of this class will draw the scroll bar with the current visual style. Otherwise, the methods of this class will throw an InvalidOperationException. To determine whether the members of this class can be used, you can check the value of the IsSupported property.

This class wraps the functionality of a System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleRenderer that is set to one of the elements exposed by the System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.ScrollBar class. For more information, see Rendering Controls with Visual Styles.

Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows Server 2003 Platform Note: Visual styles are supported only on these platforms.

The following code example demonstrates how to create a custom control that uses the ScrollBarRenderer methods to draw a scroll bar that responds to mouse clicks.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles;

namespace ScrollBarRendererSample
{
    class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
            : base()
        {
            this.Size = new Size(500, 500);

            CustomScrollBar Bar1 = new CustomScrollBar();
            Bar1.Location = new Point(50, 100);
            Bar1.Size = new Size(200, 20);

            Controls.Add(Bar1);
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            // The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect whether 
            // ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual styles 
            // are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }

    public class CustomScrollBar : Control
    {
        private Rectangle clickedBarRectangle;
        private Rectangle thumbRectangle;
        private Rectangle leftArrowRectangle;
        private Rectangle rightArrowRectangle;
        private bool leftArrowClicked = false;
        private bool rightArrowClicked = false;
        private bool leftBarClicked = false;
        private bool rightBarClicked = false;
        private bool thumbClicked = false;
        private ScrollBarState thumbState = ScrollBarState.Normal;
        private ScrollBarArrowButtonState leftButtonState =
            ScrollBarArrowButtonState.LeftNormal;
        private ScrollBarArrowButtonState rightButtonState =
            ScrollBarArrowButtonState.RightNormal;

        // This control does not allow these widths to be altered.
        private int thumbWidth = 15;
        private int arrowWidth = 17;

        // Set the right limit of the thumb's right border.
        private int thumbRightLimitRight = 0;

        // Set the right limit of the thumb's left border.
        private int thumbRightLimitLeft = 0;

        // Set the left limit of thumb's left border.
        private int thumbLeftLimit = 0;

        // Set the distance from the left edge of the thumb to the 
        // cursor tip.
        private int thumbPosition = 0;

        // Set the distance from the left edge of the scroll bar track 
        // to the cursor tip.
        private int trackPosition = 0;

        // This timer draws the moving thumb while the scroll arrows or 
        // track are pressed.
        private Timer progressTimer = new Timer();

        public CustomScrollBar()
            : base()
        {
            this.Location = new Point(10, 10);
            this.Width = 200;
            this.Height = 20;
            this.DoubleBuffered = true;

            SetUpScrollBar();
            progressTimer.Interval = 20;
            progressTimer.Tick += new EventHandler(progressTimer_Tick);
        }

        // Calculate the sizes of the scroll bar elements.
        private void SetUpScrollBar()
        {
            clickedBarRectangle = ClientRectangle;
            thumbRectangle = new Rectangle(
                ClientRectangle.X + ClientRectangle.Width / 2,
                ClientRectangle.Y, thumbWidth,
                ClientRectangle.Height);
            leftArrowRectangle = new Rectangle(
                ClientRectangle.X, ClientRectangle.Y,
                arrowWidth, ClientRectangle.Height);
            rightArrowRectangle = new Rectangle(
                ClientRectangle.Right - arrowWidth,
                ClientRectangle.Y, arrowWidth,
                ClientRectangle.Height);

            // Set the default starting thumb position.
            thumbPosition = thumbWidth / 2;

            // Set the right limit of the thumb's right border.
            thumbRightLimitRight = ClientRectangle.Right - arrowWidth;

            // Set the right limit of the thumb's left border.
            thumbRightLimitLeft = thumbRightLimitRight - thumbWidth;

            // Set the left limit of the thumb's left border.
            thumbLeftLimit = ClientRectangle.X + arrowWidth;
        }

        // Draw the scroll bar in its normal state.
        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnPaint(e);

            // Visual styles are not enabled.
            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                this.Parent.Text = "CustomScrollBar Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this.Parent.Text = "CustomScrollBar Enabled";

            // Draw the scroll bar track.
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawRightHorizontalTrack(e.Graphics,
                ClientRectangle, ScrollBarState.Normal);

            // Draw the thumb and thumb grip in the current state.
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawHorizontalThumb(e.Graphics,
                thumbRectangle, thumbState);
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawHorizontalThumbGrip(e.Graphics,
                thumbRectangle, thumbState);

            // Draw the scroll arrows in the current state.
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawArrowButton(e.Graphics,
                    leftArrowRectangle, leftButtonState);
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawArrowButton(e.Graphics,
                    rightArrowRectangle, rightButtonState);

            // Draw a highlighted rectangle in the left side of the scroll 
            // bar track if the user has clicked between the left arrow 
            // and thumb.
            if (leftBarClicked)
            {
                clickedBarRectangle.X = thumbLeftLimit;
                clickedBarRectangle.Width = thumbRectangle.X - thumbLeftLimit;
                ScrollBarRenderer.DrawLeftHorizontalTrack(e.Graphics,
                    clickedBarRectangle, ScrollBarState.Pressed);
            }

            // Draw a highlighted rectangle in the right side of the scroll 
            // bar track if the user has clicked between the right arrow 
            // and thumb.
            else if (rightBarClicked)
            {
                clickedBarRectangle.X =
                    thumbRectangle.X + thumbRectangle.Width;
                clickedBarRectangle.Width =
                    thumbRightLimitRight - clickedBarRectangle.X;
                ScrollBarRenderer.DrawRightHorizontalTrack(e.Graphics,
                    clickedBarRectangle, ScrollBarState.Pressed);
            }
        }

        // Handle a mouse click in the scroll bar.
        protected override void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseDown(e);

            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // When the thumb is clicked, update the distance from the left
            // edge of the thumb to the cursor tip.
            if (thumbRectangle.Contains(e.Location))
            {
                thumbClicked = true;
                thumbPosition = e.Location.X - thumbRectangle.X;
                thumbState = ScrollBarState.Pressed;
            }

            // When the left arrow is clicked, start the timer to scroll 
            // while the arrow is held down.
            else if (leftArrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location))
            {
                leftArrowClicked = true;
                leftButtonState = ScrollBarArrowButtonState.LeftPressed;
                progressTimer.Start();
            }

            // When the right arrow is clicked, start the timer to scroll 
            // while the arrow is held down.
            else if (rightArrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location))
            {
                rightArrowClicked = true;
                rightButtonState = ScrollBarArrowButtonState.RightPressed;
                progressTimer.Start();
            }

            // When the scroll bar is clicked, start the timer to move the
            // thumb while the mouse is held down.
            else
            {
                trackPosition = e.Location.X;

                if (e.Location.X < this.thumbRectangle.X)
                {
                    leftBarClicked = true;
                }
                else
                {
                    rightBarClicked = true;
                }
                progressTimer.Start();
            }

            Invalidate();
        }

        // Draw the track.
        protected override void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseUp(e);

            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // Update the thumb position, if the new location is within 
            // the bounds.
            if (thumbClicked)
            {
                thumbClicked = false;
                thumbState = ScrollBarState.Normal;

                if (e.Location.X > (thumbLeftLimit + thumbPosition) &&
                    e.Location.X < (thumbRightLimitLeft + thumbPosition))
                {
                    thumbRectangle.X = e.Location.X - thumbPosition;
                    thumbClicked = false;
                }
            }

            // If one of the four thumb movement areas was clicked, 
            // stop the timer.
            else if (leftArrowClicked)
            {
                leftArrowClicked = false;
                leftButtonState = ScrollBarArrowButtonState.LeftNormal;
                progressTimer.Stop();
            }

            else if (rightArrowClicked)
            {
                rightArrowClicked = false;
                rightButtonState = ScrollBarArrowButtonState.RightNormal;
                progressTimer.Stop();
            }

            else if (leftBarClicked)
            {
                leftBarClicked = false;
                progressTimer.Stop();
            }

            else if (rightBarClicked)
            {
                rightBarClicked = false;
                progressTimer.Stop();
            }

            Invalidate();
        }

        // Track mouse movements if the user clicks on the scroll bar thumb.
        protected override void OnMouseMove(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseMove(e);

            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // Update the thumb position, if the new location is 
            // within the bounds.
            if (thumbClicked)
            {
                // The thumb is all the way to the left.
                if (e.Location.X <= (thumbLeftLimit + thumbPosition))
                {
                    thumbRectangle.X = thumbLeftLimit;
                }

                // The thumb is all the way to the right.
                else if (e.Location.X >= (thumbRightLimitLeft + thumbPosition))
                {
                    thumbRectangle.X = thumbRightLimitLeft;
                }

                // The thumb is between the ends of the track.
                else
                {
                    thumbRectangle.X = e.Location.X - thumbPosition;
                }

                Invalidate();
            }
        }

        // Recalculate the sizes of the scroll bar elements.
        protected override void OnSizeChanged(EventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnSizeChanged(e);
            SetUpScrollBar();
        }

        // Handle the timer tick by updating the thumb position.
        private void progressTimer_Tick(object sender, EventArgs myEventArgs)
        {
            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // If an arrow is clicked, move the thumb in small increments.
            if (rightArrowClicked && thumbRectangle.X < thumbRightLimitLeft)
            {
                thumbRectangle.X++;
            }
            else if (leftArrowClicked && thumbRectangle.X > thumbLeftLimit)
            {
                thumbRectangle.X--;
            }

            // If the track bar to right of the thumb is clicked, move the 
            // thumb to the right in larger increments until the right edge 
            // of the thumb hits the cursor.
            else if (rightBarClicked &&
                thumbRectangle.X < thumbRightLimitLeft &&
                thumbRectangle.X + thumbRectangle.Width < trackPosition)
            {
                thumbRectangle.X += 3;
            }

            // If the track bar to left of the thumb is clicked, move the 
            // thumb to the left in larger increments until the left edge 
            // of the thumb hits the cursor.
            else if (leftBarClicked &&
                thumbRectangle.X > thumbLeftLimit &&
                thumbRectangle.X > trackPosition)
            {
                thumbRectangle.X -= 3;
            }

            Invalidate();
        }
    }
}

System.Object
  System.Windows.Forms.ScrollBarRenderer

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft