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OpenFileDialog Class

Prompts the user to open a file. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace: System.Windows.Forms
Assembly: System.Windows.Forms (in system.windows.forms.dll)

public sealed class OpenFileDialog : FileDialog
public final class OpenFileDialog extends FileDialog
public final class OpenFileDialog extends FileDialog
Not applicable.

This class allows you to check whether a file exists and to open it. The ShowReadOnly property determines whether a read-only check box appears in the dialog box. The ReadOnlyChecked property indicates whether the read-only check box is checked.

Most of the functionality for this class is found in the FileDialog class.

If you want to give the user the ability to select a folder instead of a file, use FolderBrowserDialog instead.

The following code example creates an OpenFileDialog, sets several properties, and displays the dialog box using the CommonDialog.ShowDialog method. The example requires a form with a Button placed on it and the System.IO namespace added to it.

private void button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    Stream myStream = null;
    OpenFileDialog openFileDialog1 = new OpenFileDialog();
 
    openFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = "c:\\" ;
    openFileDialog1.Filter = "txt files (*.txt)|*.txt|All files (*.*)|*.*" ;
    openFileDialog1.FilterIndex = 2 ;
    openFileDialog1.RestoreDirectory = true ;

    if(openFileDialog1.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
    {
        try
        {
            if ((myStream = openFileDialog1.OpenFile()) != null)
            {
                using (myStream)
                {
                    // Insert code to read the stream here.
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Error: Could not read file from disk. Original error: " + ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
    

protected void button1_Click(Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    Stream myStream;
    OpenFileDialog openFileDialog1 = new OpenFileDialog();
    openFileDialog1.set_InitialDirectory("c:\\");
    openFileDialog1.set_Filter(
        "txt files (*.txt)|*.txt|All files (*.*)|*.*");
    openFileDialog1.set_FilterIndex(2);
    openFileDialog1.set_RestoreDirectory(true);
    if (openFileDialog1.ShowDialog().Equals(get_DialogResult().OK)) {
        if ((myStream = openFileDialog1.OpenFile()) != null) {
            // Insert code to read the stream here.
            myStream.Close();
        }
    }
} //button1_Click

System.Object
   System.MarshalByRefObject
     System.ComponentModel.Component
       System.Windows.Forms.CommonDialog
         System.Windows.Forms.FileDialog
          System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0
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