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NativeWindow.WndProc Method

Invokes the default window procedure associated with this window.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

'Declaration
Protected Overridable Sub WndProc ( _
	ByRef m As Message _
)

Parameters

m
Type: System.Windows.Forms.Message

A Message that is associated with the current Windows message.

This method is called when a window message is sent to the handle of the window.

Notes to Inheritors

Override this method to implement specific message processing. Call base.WndProc for unhandled messages.

The following code example demonstrates intercepting operating system window messages in a window procedure. The example creates a class that inherits from NativeWindow to accomplish this.

The MyNativeWindowListener class hooks into the window procedure of the form passed into the constructor, and overrides the WndProc method to intercept the WM_ACTIVATEAPP window message. The class demonstrates the use of the AssignHandle and ReleaseHandle methods to identify the window handle the NativeWindow will use. The handle is assigned based upon the Control.HandleCreated and Control.HandleDestroyed events. When the WM_ACTIVATEAPP window message is received, the class calls the form1 ApplicationActivated method.

This code is an excerpt from the example shown in the NativeWindow class overview. Some code is not shown for the purpose of brevity. See NativeWindow for the whole code listing.

' NativeWindow class to listen to operating system messages. 
Friend Class MyNativeWindowListener
    Inherits NativeWindow

    ' Constant value was found in the "windows.h" header file. 
    Private Const WM_ACTIVATEAPP As Integer = &H1C

    Private parent As Form1

    Public Sub New(ByVal parent As Form1)

        AddHandler parent.HandleCreated, AddressOf Me.OnHandleCreated
        AddHandler parent.HandleDestroyed, AddressOf Me.OnHandleDestroyed
        Me.parent = parent
    End Sub 

    ' Listen for the control's window creation and hook into it.     
    Private Sub OnHandleCreated(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Window is now created, assign handle to NativeWindow.
        AssignHandle(CType(sender, Form).Handle)
    End Sub 

    Private Sub OnHandleDestroyed(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        ' Window was destroyed, release hook.
        ReleaseHandle()
    End Sub

    <System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSetAttribute(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Protected Overrides Sub WndProc(ByRef m As Message)
        ' Listen for operating system messages 

        Select Case (m.Msg)
            Case WM_ACTIVATEAPP

                ' Notify the form that this message was received. 
                ' Application is activated or deactivated,  
                ' based upon the WParam parameter.
                parent.ApplicationActivated(m.WParam.ToInt32() <> 0)

        End Select 

        MyBase.WndProc(m)
    End Sub 
End Class

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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