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NativeWindow.Handle Property

Gets the handle for this window.

Namespace: System.Windows.Forms
Assembly: System.Windows.Forms (in system.windows.forms.dll)

public:
virtual property IntPtr Handle {
	IntPtr get () sealed;
}
/** @property */
public final IntPtr get_Handle ()

public final function get Handle () : IntPtr

Property Value

If successful, an IntPtr representing the handle to the associated native Win32 window; otherwise, 0 if no handle is associated with the window.

Use this method when calling Windows API methods that require a handle for a window or control.

The following code example demonstrates creating a window with a specific operating system window class name. The example creates a class that inherits from NativeWindow to accomplish this. The example also demonstrates overriding the OnHandleChange method to be notified when the Handle changes.

The MyNativeWindow class creates a new window with the ClassName set to BUTTON. This creates a Win32 button window. The location and size of the button is set, along with specifying additional window styles. The class demonstrates how to use the CreateHandle method and override the WndProc method to intercept window messages that are received. Although the example looks for the WM_ACTIVATEAPP message, this could be replaced in a real program with window messages specific to the type created.

NoteNote

Some control types send their window messages to the window parent instead of the window. See the Windows Platform SDK for more information.

// MyNativeWindow class to create a window given a class name.
ref class MyNativeWindow: public NativeWindow
{
private:

   // Constant values were found in the S"windows.h" header file.
   literal int WS_CHILD = 0x40000000,WS_VISIBLE = 0x10000000,WM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x001C;
   int windowHandle;

public:
   MyNativeWindow( Form^ parent )
   {
      CreateParams^ cp = gcnew CreateParams;

      // Fill in the CreateParams details.
      cp->Caption = "Click here";
      cp->ClassName = "Button";

      // Set the position on the form
      cp->X = 100;
      cp->Y = 100;
      cp->Height = 100;
      cp->Width = 100;

      // Specify the form as the parent.
      cp->Parent = parent->Handle;

      // Create as a child of the specified parent
      cp->Style = WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE;

      // Create the actual window
      this->CreateHandle( cp );
   }

protected:

   // Listen to when the handle changes to keep the variable in sync

   virtual void OnHandleChange() override
   {
      windowHandle = (int)this->Handle;
   }

   virtual void WndProc( Message % m ) override
   {
      // Listen for messages that are sent to the button window. Some messages are sent
      // to the parent window instead of the button's window.
      switch ( m.Msg )
      {
         case WM_ACTIVATEAPP:
            
            // Do something here in response to messages
            break;
      }
      NativeWindow::WndProc( m );
   }
};

// MyNativeWindow class to create a window given a class name.
/** @attribute SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Flags=SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode)
 */
public class MyNativeWindow extends NativeWindow
{
    // Constant values were found in the "windows.h" header file.
    private int WS_CHILD = 0x40000000;
    private int WS_VISIBLE = 0x10000000;
    private int WM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x1C;
    private int windowHandle;

    public MyNativeWindow(Form parent)
    {
        CreateParams cp = new CreateParams();

        // Fill in the CreateParams details.
        cp.set_Caption("Click here");
        cp.set_ClassName("Button");

        // Set the position on the form
        cp.set_X(100);
        cp.set_Y(100);
        cp.set_Height(100);
        cp.set_Width(100);

        // Specify the form as the parent.
        cp.set_Parent(parent.get_Handle());

        // Create as a child of the specified parent
        cp.set_Style(WS_CHILD | WS_VISIBLE);

        // Create the actual window
        this.CreateHandle(cp);
    } //MyNativeWindow

    // Listen to when the handle changes to keep the variable in sync
    protected void OnHandleChange()
    {
        windowHandle = this.get_Handle().ToInt32();
    } //OnHandleChange

    protected void WndProc(Message m)
    {
        // Listen for messages that are sent to the button window. 
        // Some messages are sent to the parent window 
        // instead of the button's window.
        if (m.get_Msg() == WM_ACTIVATEAPP) {
            // Do something here in response to messages
        }
        super.WndProc(m);
    } //WndProc
} //MyNativeWindow

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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