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Message.WParam Property

Gets or sets the WParam field of the message.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)
public IntPtr WParam { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.IntPtr
The WParam field of the message.

The value of this field depends on the message. Use the WParam field to get information that is important to handling the message. This field is typically used to store small pieces of information, such as flags.

The following code example demonstrates overriding the WndProc method to handle operating system messages identified in the Message. The WM_ACTIVATEAPP operating system message is handled in this example to know when another application is becoming active. For information about the available Message.Msg, Message.LParam, and Message.WParam values, see the MSG Structure documentation. For information about the actual constant values, see Message Constants.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace csTempWindowsApplication1
{
    public class Form1 : System.Windows.Forms.Form
    {
        // Constant value was found in the "windows.h" header file.
        private const int WM_ACTIVATEAPP = 0x001C;
        private bool appActive = true;

        [STAThread]
        static void Main() 
        {
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }

        public Form1()
        {
            this.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(300,300);
            this.Text = "Form1";
            this.Font = new System.Drawing.Font("Microsoft Sans Serif", 18F, System.Drawing.FontStyle.Bold, System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, ((System.Byte)(0)));
        }

        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e) 
        {
            // Paint a string in different styles depending on whether the 
            // application is active. 
            if (appActive) 
            {
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(SystemBrushes.ActiveCaption,20,20,260,50);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Application is active", this.Font, SystemBrushes.ActiveCaptionText, 20,20);
            }
            else 
            {
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(SystemBrushes.InactiveCaption,20,20,260,50);
                e.Graphics.DrawString("Application is Inactive", this.Font, SystemBrushes.ActiveCaptionText, 20,20);
            }
        }

	[System.Security.Permissions.PermissionSet(System.Security.Permissions.SecurityAction.Demand, Name="FullTrust")]
        protected override void WndProc(ref Message m) 
        {
            // Listen for operating system messages. 
            switch (m.Msg)
            {
                // The WM_ACTIVATEAPP message occurs when the application 
                // becomes the active application or becomes inactive. 
                case WM_ACTIVATEAPP:

                    // The WParam value identifies what is occurring.
                    appActive = (((int)m.WParam != 0));

                    // Invalidate to get new text painted. 
                    this.Invalidate();

                    break;                
            }
            base.WndProc(ref m);
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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