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ListView.BeginUpdate Method

Prevents the control from drawing until the EndUpdate method is called.

[Visual Basic]
Public Sub BeginUpdate()
[C#]
public void BeginUpdate();
[C++]
public: void BeginUpdate();
[JScript]
public function BeginUpdate();

Remarks

The preferred way to add multiple items to a ListView is to use the AddRange method of the ListView.ListViewItemCollection (accessed through the Items property of the ListView). This enables you to add an array of items to the list in a single operation. However, if you want to add items one at a time using the Add method of the ListView.ListViewItemCollection class, you can use the BeginUpdate method to prevent the control from repainting the ListView each time an item is added. Once you have completed the task of adding items to the control, call the EndUpdate method to enable the ListView to repaint. This way of adding items can prevent flickered drawing of the ListView when a large number of items are being added to the control.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#] The following code example demonstrates initializing a ListView control to contain check boxes. It also demonstrates using the ListView. BeginUpdate and ListView. EndUpdate methods. To run this example paste the following code in a form containing a ListView named ListView1. Call the InititalizeListView method from the form's constructor or Load method.

[Visual Basic] 
Private Sub InitializeListView()
    Me.ListView1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListView

    ' Set properties such as BackColor, Location and Size
    Me.ListView1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.Control
    Me.ListView1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Top
    Me.ListView1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 0)
    Me.ListView1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 130)
    Me.ListView1.View = System.Windows.Forms.View.Details
    Me.ListView1.HideSelection = False

    ' Allow user to select multiple items.
    Me.ListView1.MultiSelect = True

    ' Show check boxes in the ListView.
    Me.ListView1.CheckBoxes = True

    'Set the column headers and populate the columns.
    ListView1.HeaderStyle = ColumnHeaderStyle.Nonclickable
    Dim columnHeader1 As New ColumnHeader
    With columnHeader1
        .Text = "Breakfast Choices"
        .TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Left
        .Width = 146
    End With
    Dim columnHeader2 As New ColumnHeader
    With columnHeader2
        .Text = "Price Each"
        .TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Center
        .Width = 142
    End With
    Me.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader1)
    Me.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader2)
    Dim foodList() As String = New String() {"Juice", "Coffee", _
        "Cereal & Milk", "Fruit Plate", "Toast & Jelly", _
        "Bagel & Cream Cheese"}

    Dim foodPrice() As String = New String() {"1.09", "1.09", "2.19", _
        "2.79", "2.09", "2.69"}
    Dim count As Integer

    ' Members are added one at a time, so call BeginUpdate to ensure 
    ' the list is painted only once, rather than as each list item is added.
    ListView1.BeginUpdate()

    For count = 0 To foodList.Length - 1
        Dim listItem As New ListViewItem(foodList(count))
        listItem.SubItems.Add(foodPrice(count))
        ListView1.Items.Add(listItem)
    Next

    'Call EndUpdate when you finish adding items to the ListView.
    ListView1.EndUpdate()
    Me.Controls.Add(Me.ListView1)
End Sub

[C#] 
private void InitializeListView()
{
    this.ListView1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListView();

    // Set properties such as BackColor and DockStyle and Location.
    this.ListView1.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.Control;
    this.ListView1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Top;
    this.ListView1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 0);
    this.ListView1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 130);
    this.ListView1.View = System.Windows.Forms.View.Details;
    this.ListView1.HideSelection = false;

    // Allow the user to select multiple items.
    this.ListView1.MultiSelect = true;

    // Show CheckBoxes in the ListView.
    this.ListView1.CheckBoxes = true;
    
    //Set the column headers and populate the columns.
    ListView1.HeaderStyle = ColumnHeaderStyle.Nonclickable;
    
    ColumnHeader columnHeader1 = new ColumnHeader();
    columnHeader1.Text = "Breakfast Choices";
    columnHeader1.TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Left;
    columnHeader1.Width = 146;

    ColumnHeader columnHeader2 = new ColumnHeader();
    columnHeader2.Text = "Price Each";
    columnHeader2.TextAlign = HorizontalAlignment.Center;
    columnHeader2.Width = 142;

       this.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader1);
    this.ListView1.Columns.Add(columnHeader2);

    string[] foodList = new string[]{"Juice", "Coffee", 
        "Cereal & Milk", "Fruit Plate", "Toast & Jelly", 
        "Bagel & Cream Cheese"};

    string[] foodPrice = new string[]{"1.09", "1.09", "2.19", 
        "2.79", "2.09", "2.69"};
    
    int count;

    // Members are added one at a time, so call BeginUpdate to ensure 
    // the list is painted only once, rather than as each list item is added.
    ListView1.BeginUpdate();

    for(count = 0; count < foodList.Length; count++)
    {
        ListViewItem listItem = new ListViewItem(foodList[count]);
        listItem.SubItems.Add(foodPrice[count]);
        ListView1.Items.Add(listItem);
    }

    //Call EndUpdate when you finish adding items to the ListView.
    ListView1.EndUpdate();
    this.Controls.Add(this.ListView1);
}

[C++, JScript] No example is available for C++ or JScript. To view a Visual Basic or C# example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

See Also

ListView Class | ListView Members | System.Windows.Forms Namespace | EndUpdate | ListViewItemCollection.AddRange | ListViewItemCollection.Add

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