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ListBox.ObjectCollection Class

Represents the collection of items in a ListBox.

For a list of all members of this type, see ListBox.ObjectCollection Members.

System.Object
   System.Windows.Forms.ListBox.ObjectCollection
      System.Windows.Forms.CheckedListBox.ObjectCollection

[Visual Basic]
Public Class ListBox.ObjectCollection
   Implements IList, ICollection, IEnumerable
[C#]
public class ListBox.ObjectCollection : IList, ICollection,
   IEnumerable
[C++]
public __gc class ListBox.ObjectCollection : public IList,
   ICollection, IEnumerable
[JScript]
public class ListBox.ObjectCollection implements IList,
   ICollection, IEnumerable

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Remarks

The ListBox.ObjectCollection class stores the items displayed in the ListBox. There are two other collections defined within the ListBox class that enable you to determine what items are selected within this collection. The ListBox.SelectedObjectCollection class provides properties and methods for determining what items are selected within the ListBox.ObjectCollection, while the ListBox.SelectedIndexCollection class enables you to determine what indexes within the ListBox.ObjectCollection are selected.

There are a number of ways to add items to the collection. The Add method provides the ability to add a single object to the collection. To add a number of objects to the collection, you create an array of items and assign it to the AddRange method. If you want to insert an object at a specific location within the collection, you can use the Insert method. To remove items, you can use either the Remove method or the RemoveAt method if you know where the item is located within the collection. The Clear method enables you to remove all items from the collection instead of using the Remove method to remove a single item at a time.

You can also manipulate the items of a ListBox by using the DataSource property. If you use the DataSource property to add items to a ListBox, you can view the items in the ListBox using the Items property but you cannot add or remove items from the list using the methods of the ListBox.ObjectCollection.

In addition to methods and properties for adding and removing items, the ListBox.ObjectCollection also provides methods to find items within the collection. The Contains method enables you to determine whether an object is a member of the collection. Once you know that the item is located within the collection, you can use the IndexOf method to determine where the item is located within the collection.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#] The following code example demonstrates an owner-drawn ListBox by setting the the DrawMode property to OwnerDrawVariable value and handling the DrawItem and MeasureItem events. It also demonstrates setting the BorderStyle and ScrollAlwaysVisible properties and using the System.Windows.Forms.ObjectCollection.AddRange method. To run this example paste it in an empty form that imports the System.Drawing namespace and the System.Windows.Forms namespace. Call the InitializeOwnerDrawnListBox from the form's constructor or Load method.

[Visual Basic] 
Friend WithEvents ListBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

Private Sub InitializeOwnerDrawnListBox()
    Me.ListBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ListBox

    ' Set the location and size.
    ListBox1.Location = New Point(20, 20)
    ListBox1.Size = New Size(240, 240)

    ' Populate the ListBox.ObjectCollection property 
    ' with several strings, using the AddRange method.
    Me.ListBox1.Items.AddRange(New Object() _
        {"System.Windows.Forms", "System.Drawing", "System.Xml", _
        "System.Net", "System.Runtime.Remoting", "System.Web"})

    ' Turn off the scrollbar.
    ListBox1.ScrollAlwaysVisible = False

    ' Set the border style to a single, flat border.
    ListBox1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.FixedSingle

    ' Set the DrawMode property to the OwnerDrawVariable value. 
    ' This means the MeasureItem and DrawItem events must be 
    ' handled.
    ListBox1.DrawMode = DrawMode.OwnerDrawVariable
    Me.Controls.Add(Me.ListBox1)
End Sub


' Handle the DrawItem event for an owner-drawn ListBox.
Private Sub ListBox1_DrawItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DrawItemEventArgs) Handles ListBox1.DrawItem

    ' If the item is the selected item, then draw the rectangle filled in
    ' blue. The item is selected when a bitwise And of the State property
    ' and the DrawItemState.Selected property is true. 
    If (e.State And DrawItemState.Selected = DrawItemState.Selected) Then
        e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.CornflowerBlue, e.Bounds)
    Else
        ' Otherwise, draw the rectangle filled in beige.
        e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Beige, e.Bounds)
    End If

    ' Draw a rectangle in blue around each item.
    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, e.Bounds)

    ' Draw the text in the item.
    e.Graphics.DrawString(Me.ListBox1.Items(e.Index), Me.Font, _
        Brushes.Black, e.Bounds.X, e.Bounds.Y)

    ' Draw the focus rectangle around the selected item.
    e.DrawFocusRectangle()
End Sub

' Handle the MeasureItem event for an owner-drawn ListBox.
Private Sub ListBox1_MeasureItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As MeasureItemEventArgs) Handles ListBox1.MeasureItem

    ' Cast the sender object back to ListBox type.
    Dim theListBox As ListBox = CType(sender, ListBox)

    ' Get the string contained in each item.
    Dim itemString As String = CType(theListBox.Items(e.Index), String)

    ' Split the string at the " . "  character.
    Dim resultStrings() As String = itemString.Split(".")

    ' If the string contains more than one period, increase the 
    ' height by ten pixels; otherwise, increase the height by 
    ' five pixels.
    If (resultStrings.Length > 2) Then
        e.ItemHeight += 10
    Else
        e.ItemHeight += 5
    End If

End Sub


[C#] 
internal System.Windows.Forms.ListBox ListBox1;

private void InitializeOwnerDrawnListBox()
{
    this.ListBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();

    // Set the location and size.
    ListBox1.Location = new Point(20, 20);
    ListBox1.Size = new Size(240, 240);

    // Populate the ListBox.ObjectCollection property 
    // with several strings, using the AddRange method.
    this.ListBox1.Items.AddRange(new object[]{"System.Windows.Forms", 
        "System.Drawing", "System.Xml", "System.Net", "System.Runtime.Remoting", 
        "System.Web"});

    // Turn off the scrollbar.
    ListBox1.ScrollAlwaysVisible = false;

    // Set the border style to a single, flat border.
    ListBox1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.FixedSingle;

    // Set the DrawMode property to the OwnerDrawVariable value. 
    // This means the MeasureItem and DrawItem events must be 
    // handled.
    ListBox1.DrawMode = DrawMode.OwnerDrawVariable;
    ListBox1.MeasureItem += 
        new MeasureItemEventHandler(ListBox1_MeasureItem);
    ListBox1.DrawItem += new DrawItemEventHandler(ListBox1_DrawItem);
    this.Controls.Add(this.ListBox1);
    
}


// Handle the DrawItem event for an owner-drawn ListBox.
private void ListBox1_DrawItem(object sender, DrawItemEventArgs e)
{

    // If the item is the selected item, then draw the rectangle
    // filled in blue. The item is selected when a bitwise And  
    // of the State property and the DrawItemState.Selected 
    // property is true.
    if ((e.State & DrawItemState.Selected) == DrawItemState.Selected)
    {
        e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.CornflowerBlue, e.Bounds);
    }
    else
    {
        // Otherwise, draw the rectangle filled in beige.
        e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Beige, e.Bounds);
    }

    // Draw a rectangle in blue around each item.
    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, e.Bounds);

    // Draw the text in the item.
    e.Graphics.DrawString(ListBox1.Items[e.Index].ToString(),
        this.Font, Brushes.Black, e.Bounds.X, e.Bounds.Y);

    // Draw the focus rectangle around the selected item.
    e.DrawFocusRectangle();
}

// Handle the MeasureItem event for an owner-drawn ListBox.
private void ListBox1_MeasureItem(object sender, 
    MeasureItemEventArgs e)
{

    // Cast the sender object back to ListBox type.
    ListBox theListBox = (ListBox) sender;

    // Get the string contained in each item.
    string itemString = (string) theListBox.Items[e.Index];

    // Split the string at the " . "  character.
    string[] resultStrings = itemString.Split('.');

    // If the string contains more than one period, increase the 
    // height by ten pixels; otherwise, increase the height by 
    // five pixels.
    if (resultStrings.Length>2)
    {
        e.ItemHeight += 10;
    }
    else
    {
        e.ItemHeight += 5;
    }

}

[C++, JScript] No example is available for C++ or JScript. To view a Visual Basic or C# example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Namespace: System.Windows.Forms

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

Assembly: System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

See Also

ListBox.ObjectCollection Members | System.Windows.Forms Namespace | ListBox.SelectedObjectCollection | ListBox.SelectedIndexCollection

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