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KeyPressEventHandler Delegate

Represents the method that will handle the KeyPress event of a Control.

[Visual Basic]
<Serializable>
Public Delegate Sub KeyPressEventHandler( _
   ByVal sender As Object, _
   ByVal e As KeyPressEventArgs _
)
[C#]
[Serializable]
public delegate void KeyPressEventHandler(
   object sender,
   KeyPressEventArgs e
);
[C++]
[Serializable]
public __gc __delegate void KeyPressEventHandler(
   Object* sender,
   KeyPressEventArgs* e
);

[JScript] In JScript, you can use the delegates in the .NET Framework, but you cannot define your own.

Parameters [Visual Basic, C#, C++]

The declaration of your event handler must have the same parameters as the KeyPressEventHandler delegate declaration.

sender
The source of the event.
e
A KeyPressEventArgs that contains the event data.

Remarks

Set KeyPressEventArgs.Handled to true to cancel the KeyPress event. This keeps the control from processing the key press.

When you create a KeyPressEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. For more information about handling events with delegates, see Events and Delegates.

Example

[Visual Basic] 
Imports System
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits Form

    Public Sub New()
        ' Create a TextBox control.
        Dim tb As New TextBox()
        Me.Controls.Add(tb)
        AddHandler tb.KeyPress, AddressOf keypressed
    End Sub 'New

    Sub keypressed(ByVal o As [Object], ByVal e As KeyPressEventArgs)
        ' The keypressed method uses the KeyChar property to check 
        ' whether the ENTER key is pressed. 

        ' If the ENTER key is pressed, the Handled property is set to true, 
        ' to indicate the event is handled.

        If e.KeyChar = Microsoft.VisualBasic.ChrW(13) Then
            e.Handled = True
        End If
    End Sub 'keypressed

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub 'Main
End Class 'Form1

[C#] 

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1: Form
{
    public Form1()
    {
        // Create a TextBox control.
        TextBox tb = new TextBox();
        this.Controls.Add(tb);
        tb.KeyPress += new KeyPressEventHandler(keypressed);
    }

    void keypressed(Object o, KeyPressEventArgs e)
    {
        // The keypressed method uses the KeyChar property to check 
        // whether the ENTER key is pressed. 

        // If the ENTER key is pressed, the Handled property is set to true, 
        // to indicate the event is handled.
        if(e.KeyChar == (char)13)
            e.Handled=true;
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }
}

[C++] 

#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

public __gc class Form1: public Form
{
public:
    Form1()
    {
        // Create a TextBox control.
        TextBox* tb = new TextBox();
        this->Controls->Add(tb);
        tb->KeyPress += new KeyPressEventHandler(this,&Form1::keypressed);
    }

    void keypressed(Object* /*o*/, KeyPressEventArgs* e)
    {
        // The keypressed method uses the KeyChar property to check 
        // whether the ENTER key is pressed. 

        // If the ENTER key is pressed, the Handled property is set to true, 
        // to indicate the event is handled.
        if(e->KeyChar == (char)13)
            e->Handled=true;
    }

};

int main()
{
    Application::Run(new Form1());
}

[Visual Basic] 
' Boolean flag used to determine when a character other than a number is entered.
Private nonNumberEntered As Boolean = False
   
   
' Handle the KeyDown event to determine the type of character entered into the control.
Private Sub textBox1_KeyDown(sender As Object, e As System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs) _
     Handles textBox1.KeyDown
    ' Initialize the flag to false.
    nonNumberEntered = False
  
    ' Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the top of the keyboard.
    If e.KeyCode < Keys.D0 OrElse e.KeyCode > Keys.D9 Then
        ' Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the keypad.
        If e.KeyCode < Keys.NumPad0 OrElse e.KeyCode > Keys.NumPad9 Then
            ' Determine whether the keystroke is a backspace.
            If e.KeyCode <> Keys.Back Then
                ' A non-numerical keystroke was pressed. 
                ' Set the flag to true and evaluate in KeyPress event.
                nonNumberEntered = True
            End If
        End If
    End If
End Sub 'textBox1_KeyDown
   
   
' This event occurs after the KeyDown event and can be used 
' to prevent characters from entering the control.
Private Sub textBox1_KeyPress(sender As Object, e As System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs) _
    Handles textBox1.KeyPress
    ' Check for the flag being set in the KeyDown event.
    If nonNumberEntered = True Then
        ' Stop the character from being entered into the control since it is non-numerical.
        e.Handled = True
    End If
End Sub 'textBox1_KeyPress
End Class 'Form1 

[C#] 
// Boolean flag used to determine when a character other than a number is entered.
private bool nonNumberEntered = false;

// Handle the KeyDown event to determine the type of character entered into the control.
private void textBox1_KeyDown(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs e)
{
    // Initialize the flag to false.
    nonNumberEntered = false;

    // Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the top of the keyboard.
    if (e.KeyCode < Keys.D0 || e.KeyCode > Keys.D9)
    {
        // Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the keypad.
        if (e.KeyCode < Keys.NumPad0 || e.KeyCode > Keys.NumPad9)
        {
            // Determine whether the keystroke is a backspace.
            if(e.KeyCode != Keys.Back)
            {
                // A non-numerical keystroke was pressed.
                // Set the flag to true and evaluate in KeyPress event.
                nonNumberEntered = true;
            }
        }
    }
}

// This event occurs after the KeyDown event and can be used to prevent
// characters from entering the control.
private void textBox1_KeyPress(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs e)
{
    // Check for the flag being set in the KeyDown event.
    if (nonNumberEntered == true)
    {
        // Stop the character from being entered into the control since it is non-numerical.
        e.Handled = true;
    }
}


[C++] 
// Boolean flag used to determine when a character other than a number is entered.
private:
bool nonNumberEntered;

// Handle the KeyDown event to determine the type of character entered into the control.
void textBox1_KeyDown(Object* /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::KeyEventArgs* e)
{
   // Initialize the flag to false.
   nonNumberEntered = false;

   // Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the top of the keyboard.
   if (e->KeyCode < Keys::D0 || e->KeyCode > Keys::D9)
   {
      // Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the keypad.
      if (e->KeyCode < Keys::NumPad0 || e->KeyCode > Keys::NumPad9)
      {
         // Determine whether the keystroke is a backspace.
         if(e->KeyCode != Keys::Back)
         {
            // A non-numerical keystroke was pressed.
            // Set the flag to true and evaluate in KeyPress event.
            nonNumberEntered = true;
         }
      }
   }
}

// This event occurs after the KeyDown event and can be used to prevent
// characters from entering the control.
void textBox1_KeyPress(Object* /*sender*/, System::Windows::Forms::KeyPressEventArgs* e)
{
   // Check for the flag being set in the KeyDown event.
   if (nonNumberEntered == true)
   {
      // Stop the character from being entered into the control since it is non-numerical.
      e->Handled = true;
   }
}

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Namespace: System.Windows.Forms

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

Assembly: System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

See Also

System.Windows.Forms Namespace | OnKeyPress | KeyPress | KeyPressEventArgs | OnKeyDown | KeyDown | OnKeyUp | KeyUp | KeyEventArgs

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