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KeyEventArgs Class

Provides data for the KeyDown or KeyUp event.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)
'Declaration
<ComVisibleAttribute(True)> _
Public Class KeyEventArgs _
	Inherits EventArgs
'Usage
Dim instance As KeyEventArgs

A KeyEventArgs, which specifies the key the user pressed and whether any modifier keys (CTRL, ALT, and SHIFT) were pressed at the same time, is passed with each KeyDown or KeyUp event.

The KeyDown event occurs when the user presses any key. The KeyUp event occurs when the user releases the key. Duplicate KeyDown events occur each time the key repeats, if the key is held down, but only one KeyUp event is generated when the user releases the key.

The KeyPress event also occurs when a key is pressed. A KeyPressEventArgs is passed with each KeyPress event, and specifies the character that was composed as a result of each key press.

For information about the event model, see Events and Delegates.

The following code examples demonstrate how to detect the state of a key press.

Example 1

The following code example demonstrates how to use the KeyDown event with the Help class to display pop-up style Help to the user of the application. The example uses the KeyEventArgs properties passed to the event handler method to filter for all variations of pressing the F1 key with a modifier key. When the user presses any variation of F1 that includes any keyboard modifier, the Help class displays a pop-up window, similar to a ToolTip, near the control. If the user presses ALT+F2, a different Help pop-up is displayed with additional information.

Private Sub textBox1_KeyDown(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs) Handles textBox1.KeyDown
    ' Determine whether the key entered is the F1 key. If it is, display Help. 
    If e.KeyCode = Keys.F1 AndAlso (e.Alt OrElse e.Control OrElse e.Shift) Then 
        ' Display a pop-up Help topic to assist the user.
        Help.ShowPopup(textBox1, "Enter your name.", New Point(textBox1.Bottom, textBox1.Right))
    ElseIf e.KeyCode = Keys.F2 AndAlso e.Modifiers = Keys.Alt Then 
        ' Display a pop-up Help topic to provide additional assistance to the user.
        Help.ShowPopup(textBox1, "Enter your first name followed by your last name. Middle name is optional.", _
             New Point(textBox1.Top, Me.textBox1.Left))
    End If 
End Sub 'textBox1_KeyDown

Example 2

The following example determines whether the user pressed ALT+E, and if the mouse pointer is over a TreeNode, allows the user to edit that TreeNode.

Private Sub treeView1_KeyDown(sender As Object, _
  e As KeyEventArgs) Handles treeView1.KeyDown
   ' If the 'Alt' and 'E' keys are pressed, 
   ' allow the user to edit the TreeNode label.  
   If e.Alt And e.KeyCode = Keys.E Then
      treeView1.LabelEdit = True 
      ' If there is a TreeNode under the mose cursor, begin editing.  
      Dim editNode As TreeNode = treeView1.GetNodeAt( _
        treeView1.PointToClient(System.Windows.Forms.Control.MousePosition))
      If (editNode IsNot Nothing) Then
         editNode.BeginEdit()
      End If 
   End If 
End Sub 

Private Sub treeView1_AfterLabelEdit(sender As Object, _
  e As NodeLabelEditEventArgs) Handles treeView1.AfterLabelEdit
   ' Disable the ability to edit the TreeNode labels.
   treeView1.LabelEdit = False 
End Sub

Example 3

The following example determines whether the user pressed a non-numeric key, and if so, cancels the KeyPress event by using the Handled property.

' Boolean flag used to determine when a character other than a number is entered. 
Private nonNumberEntered As Boolean = False 


' Handle the KeyDown event to determine the type of character entered into the control. 
Private Sub textBox1_KeyDown(sender As Object, e As System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs) _
     Handles textBox1.KeyDown
    ' Initialize the flag to false.
    nonNumberEntered = False 

    ' Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the top of the keyboard. 
    If e.KeyCode < Keys.D0 OrElse e.KeyCode > Keys.D9 Then 
        ' Determine whether the keystroke is a number from the keypad. 
        If e.KeyCode < Keys.NumPad0 OrElse e.KeyCode > Keys.NumPad9 Then 
            ' Determine whether the keystroke is a backspace. 
            If e.KeyCode <> Keys.Back Then 
                ' A non-numerical keystroke was pressed.  
                ' Set the flag to true and evaluate in KeyPress event.
                nonNumberEntered = True 
            End If 
        End If 
    End If 
    'If shift key was pressed, it's not a number. 
    If Control.ModifierKeys = Keys.Shift Then
        nonNumberEntered = true
    End If 
End Sub 'textBox1_KeyDown


' This event occurs after the KeyDown event and can be used  
' to prevent characters from entering the control. 
Private Sub textBox1_KeyPress(sender As Object, e As System.Windows.Forms.KeyPressEventArgs) _
    Handles textBox1.KeyPress
    ' Check for the flag being set in the KeyDown event. 
    If nonNumberEntered = True Then 
        ' Stop the character from being entered into the control since it is non-numerical.
        e.Handled = True 
    End If 
End Sub 'textBox1_KeyPress
System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.Windows.Forms.KeyEventArgs
Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0
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