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DragEventArgs.KeyState Property

Gets the current state of the SHIFT, CTRL, and ALT keys, as well as the state of the mouse buttons.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public int KeyState { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Int32
The current state of the SHIFT, CTRL, and ALT keys and of the mouse buttons.

You can make the effect of a drag-and-drop operation to depend on the state of a particular key. For example, you may decide to copy or move data depending on whether the CTRL or SHIFT keys are pressed during the drag-and-drop operation.

The bits that are set in the KeyState property identify the keys or mouse buttons that were pressed during the operation. For example, if the left mouse button is pressed, the first bit in the KeyState property is set. You can use the bitwise AND operator to test for a given key state.

The following table lists the values that are used for a specified event.

Value

Key

1 (bit 0)

The left mouse button.

2 (bit 1)

The right mouse button.

4 (bit 2)

The SHIFT key.

8 (bit 3)

The CTRL key.

16 (bit 4)

The middle mouse button.

32 (bit 5)

The ALT key.

The following example demonstrates a drag-and-drop operation between two ListBox controls. The example calls the DoDragDrop method when the drag action starts. The drag action starts if the mouse has moved more than SystemInformation.DragSize from the mouse location during the MouseDown event. The IndexFromPoint method is used to determine the index of the item to drag during the MouseDown event.

The example also demonstrates using custom cursors for the drag-and-drop operation. The example assumes that two cursor files, 3dwarro.cur and 3dwno.cur, exist in the application directory, for the custom drag and no-drop cursors, respectively. The custom cursors will be used if the UseCustomCursorsCheck CheckBox is checked. The custom cursors are set in the GiveFeedback event handler.

The keyboard state is evaluated in the DragOver event handler for the right ListBox, to determine what the drag operation will be based upon state of the SHIFT, CTRL, ALT, or CTRL+ALT keys. The location in the ListBox where the drop would occur is also determined during the DragOver event. If the data to drop is not a String, then the DragEventArgs.Effect is set to DragDropEffects.None. Finally, the status of the drop is displayed in the DropLocationLabel Label.

The data to drop for the right ListBox is determined in the DragDrop event handler and the String value is added at the appropriate place in the ListBox. If the drag operation moves outside the bounds of the form, then the drag-and-drop operation is canceled in the QueryContinueDrag event handler.

This code excerpt demonstrates using the DragEventArgs class. See the DoDragDrop method for the complete code example.


private void ListDragTarget_DragOver(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.DragEventArgs e) 
{

    // Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
    // the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
    if (!e.Data.GetDataPresent(typeof(System.String))) {

        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "None - no string data.";
        return;
    }

    // Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
    if ((e.KeyState & (8+32)) == (8+32) && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Link) == DragDropEffects.Link) {
        // KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

        // Link drag-and-drop effect.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 32) == 32 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Link) == DragDropEffects.Link) {

        // ALT KeyState for link.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 4) == 4 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Move) == DragDropEffects.Move) {

        // SHIFT KeyState for move.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 8) == 8 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Copy) == DragDropEffects.Copy) {

        // CTL KeyState for copy.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy;

    } else if ((e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Move) == DragDropEffects.Move)  {

        // By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

    } else
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;

    // Get the index of the item the mouse is below. 

    // The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be 
    // converted to client coordinates.

    indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop = 
        ListDragTarget.IndexFromPoint(ListDragTarget.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y)));

    // Updates the label text.
    if (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop != ListBox.NoMatches){

        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops before item #" + (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1);
    } else
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops at the end.";

}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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