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DragEventArgs.Effect Property

Gets or sets the target drop effect in a drag-and-drop operation.

[Visual Basic]
Public Property Effect As DragDropEffects
[C#]
public DragDropEffects Effect {get; set;}
[C++]
public: __property DragDropEffects get_Effect();
public: __property void set_Effect(DragDropEffects);
[JScript]
public function get Effect() : DragDropEffects;
public function set Effect(DragDropEffects);

Property Value

One of the DragDropEffects values.

Remarks

By default, the effect applied determines the mouse cursor for the target of a drag-and-drop operation. This is useful to provide feedback to the user on the operation that will occur. For example, if you press the CTRL key when you drag a file from a source, specify DragDropEffects.Copy to indicate the target will try to perform a copy operation.

To use custom cursors for a drag operation, see GiveFeedbackEventArgs.UseDefaultCursors.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example demonstrates a drag-and-drop operation between two ListBox controls. The example calls the DoDragDrop method when the drag action starts. The drag action starts if the mouse has moved more than SystemInformation.DragSize from the mouse location during the MouseDown event. The IndexFromPoint method is used to determine the index of the item to drag during the MouseDown event.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The example also demonstrates using custom cursors for the drag-and-drop operation. The example assumes that two cursor files, 3dwarro.cur and 3dwno.cur, exist in the application directory, for the custom drag and no-drop cursors, respectively. The custom cursors will be used if the UseCustomCursorsCheck CheckBox is checked. The custom cursors are set in the GiveFeedback event handler.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The keyboard state is evaluated in the DragOver event handler for the right ListBox, to determine what the drag operation will be based upon state of the SHIFT, CTRL, ALT, or CTRL+ALT keys. The location in the ListBox where the drop would occur is also determined during the DragOver event. If the data to drop is not a String, then the DragEventArgs.Effect is set to DragDropEffects.None. Finally, the status of the drop is displayed in the DropLocationLabel Label.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The data to drop for the right ListBox is determined in the DragDrop event handler and the String value is added at the appropriate place in the ListBox. If the drag operation moves outside the bounds of the form, then the drag-and-drop operation is canceled in the QueryContinueDrag event handler.

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] This code excerpt demonstrates using the DragEventArgs class. See the DoDragDrop method for the complete code example.

[Visual Basic] 
Private Sub ListDragTarget_DragOver(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DragEventArgs) Handles ListDragTarget.DragOver
    ' Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
    ' the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
    If Not (e.Data.GetDataPresent(GetType(System.String))) Then

        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "None - no string data."
        Return
    End If

    ' Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
    If ((e.KeyState And (8 + 32)) = (8 + 32) And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Link) = DragDropEffects.Link) Then
        ' KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

        ' Link drag and drop effect.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 32) = 32 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Link) = DragDropEffects.Link) Then

        ' ALT KeyState for link.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 4) = 4 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Move) = DragDropEffects.Move) Then

        ' SHIFT KeyState for move.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move

    ElseIf ((e.KeyState And 8) = 8 And _
        (e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Copy) = DragDropEffects.Copy) Then

        ' CTL KeyState for copy.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy

    ElseIf ((e.AllowedEffect And DragDropEffects.Move) = DragDropEffects.Move) Then

        ' By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move

    Else
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None
    End If

    ' Gets the index of the item the mouse is below. 

    ' The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be 
    ' converted to client coordinates.

    indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop = _
        ListDragTarget.IndexFromPoint(ListDragTarget.PointToClient(New Point(e.X, e.Y)))

    ' Updates the label text.
    If (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop <> ListBox.NoMatches) Then

        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops before item #" & (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1)
    Else
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops at the end."
    End If

End Sub

[C#] 
private void ListDragTarget_DragOver(object sender, System.Windows.Forms.DragEventArgs e) 
{

    // Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
    // the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
    if (!e.Data.GetDataPresent(typeof(System.String))) {

        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "None - no string data.";
        return;
    }

    // Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
    if ((e.KeyState & (8+32)) == (8+32) && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Link) == DragDropEffects.Link) {
        // KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

        // Link drag and drop effect.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 32) == 32 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Link) == DragDropEffects.Link) {

        // ALT KeyState for link.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Link;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 4) == 4 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Move) == DragDropEffects.Move) {

        // SHIFT KeyState for move.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

    } else if ((e.KeyState & 8) == 8 && 
        (e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Copy) == DragDropEffects.Copy) {

        // CTL KeyState for copy.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Copy;

    } else if ((e.AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects.Move) == DragDropEffects.Move)  {

        // By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.Move;

    } else
        e.Effect = DragDropEffects.None;
        
    // Get the index of the item the mouse is below. 

    // The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be 
    // converted to client coordinates.

    indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop = 
        ListDragTarget.IndexFromPoint(ListDragTarget.PointToClient(new Point(e.X, e.Y)));

    // Updates the label text.
    if (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop != ListBox.NoMatches){

        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops before item #" + (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1);
    } else
        DropLocationLabel.Text = "Drops at the end.";

}

[C++] 
private:
   void ListDragTarget_DragOver(Object* /*sender*/, 
      System::Windows::Forms::DragEventArgs* e)
   {

      // Determine whether string data exists in the drop data. If not, then
      // the drop effect reflects that the drop cannot occur.
      if (!e->Data->GetDataPresent(__typeof(System::String))) {

         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;
         DropLocationLabel->Text = S"None - no string data.";
         return;
      }

      // Set the effect based upon the KeyState.
      if ((e->KeyState & (8+32)) == (8+32) &&
         (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Link) == DragDropEffects::Link) 
      {
         // KeyState 8 + 32 = CTL + ALT

         // Link drag and drop effect.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Link;

      } else if ((e->KeyState & 32) == 32 &&
         (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Link) == DragDropEffects::Link)
      {

         // ALT KeyState for link.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Link;

      } else if ((e->KeyState & 4) == 4 &&
         (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Move) == DragDropEffects::Move)
      {
         // SHIFT KeyState for move.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Move;

      } else if ((e->KeyState & 8) == 8 &&
         (e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Copy) == DragDropEffects::Copy)
      {
         // CTL KeyState for copy.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Copy;

      } else if ((e->AllowedEffect & DragDropEffects::Move) == DragDropEffects::Move)
      {
         // By default, the drop action should be move, if allowed.
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::Move;

      } else
         e->Effect = DragDropEffects::None;

      // Get the index of the item the mouse is below.

      // The mouse locations are relative to the screen, so they must be
      // converted to client coordinates.

      indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop =
         ListDragTarget->IndexFromPoint(
         ListDragTarget->PointToClient(Point(e->X, e->Y)));

      // Updates the label text.
      if (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop != ListBox::NoMatches) {

         DropLocationLabel->Text = 
            String::Concat(S"Drops before item # ",
            __box( (indexOfItemUnderMouseToDrop + 1)));
      } else
         DropLocationLabel->Text = S"Drops at the end.";

   }

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family

See Also

DragEventArgs Class | DragEventArgs Members | System.Windows.Forms Namespace | DragDropEffects

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