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DataGridViewCheckBoxCell.ThreeState Property

Gets or sets a value indicating whether ternary mode has been enabled for the hosted check box control.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public bool ThreeState { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if ternary mode is enabled; false if binary mode is enabled. The default is false.

The third state in ternary mode typically represents an uninitialized or indeterminate value.

Setting the ThreeState property of the owning column also sets the ThreeState property of every cell in the column and refreshes the column display. To override the specified value for individual cells, set the cell values after you set the column value.

Unlike the column ThreeState property, the cell ThreeState property does not automatically update the NullValue property of the associated cell style when you change its value. When you change the cell ThreeState property value to true, be sure to set the NullValue property of the object returned by the Style property to Indeterminate. When you change the ThreeState property value to false, be sure to set the NullValue property to false.

The following code example uses a DataGridViewCheckBoxCell to track the status of office lighting. The FalseValue property associates "turnedOff" with false, the TrueValue property associates "turnedOn" with true, and the IndeterminateValue property associates "unknown" to indeterminate.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class TriValueVirtualCheckBox:Form
{
    DataGridView dataGridView1 = new DataGridView();

    const int initialSize = 500;

    Dictionary<int, LightStatus> store 
        = new Dictionary<int, LightStatus>();

    public TriValueVirtualCheckBox() : base()
    {        
        Text = this.GetType().Name;

        int index = 0;
        for(index=0; index<=initialSize; index++)
            store.Add(index, LightStatus.Unknown);

        Controls.Add(dataGridView1);
        dataGridView1.VirtualMode = true;
        dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = false;
        dataGridView1.CellValueNeeded += new 
            DataGridViewCellValueEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellValueNeeded);
        dataGridView1.CellValuePushed += new 
            DataGridViewCellValueEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellValuePushed);

        dataGridView1.Columns.Add(CreateCheckBoxColumn());
        dataGridView1.Rows.AddCopies(0, initialSize);
    }

    private DataGridViewCheckBoxColumn CreateCheckBoxColumn()
    {
        DataGridViewCheckBoxColumn dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1 
            = new DataGridViewCheckBoxColumn();
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.HeaderText = "Lights On";
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.TrueValue = LightStatus.TurnedOn;
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.FalseValue = LightStatus.TurnedOff;
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.IndeterminateValue 
            = LightStatus.Unknown;
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.ThreeState = true;
        dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1.ValueType = typeof(LightStatus);
        return dataGridViewCheckBoxColumn1;
    }

#region "data store maintance" 
    private void dataGridView1_CellValueNeeded(object sender, 
        DataGridViewCellValueEventArgs e)
    {
        e.Value = store[e.RowIndex];
    }

    private void dataGridView1_CellValuePushed(object sender, 
        DataGridViewCellValueEventArgs e)
    {
        store[e.RowIndex] = (LightStatus) e.Value;
    }
#endregion

    [STAThreadAttribute()]
    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new TriValueVirtualCheckBox());
    }
}

public enum LightStatus
{
    Unknown, 
    TurnedOn, 
    TurnedOff
};

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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