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DataGridViewButtonColumn Class

Hosts a collection of DataGridViewButtonCell objects.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)
[ToolboxBitmapAttribute(typeof(DataGridViewButtonColumn), "DataGridViewButtonColumn.bmp")]
public class DataGridViewButtonColumn : DataGridViewColumn

The DataGridViewButtonColumn type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodDataGridViewButtonColumnInitializes a new instance of the DataGridViewButtonColumn class to the default state.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyAutoSizeModeGets or sets the mode by which the column automatically adjusts its width. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyCellTemplateGets or sets the template used to create new cells. (Overrides DataGridViewColumn.CellTemplate.)
Public propertyCellTypeGets the run-time type of the cell template. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyContextMenuStripGets or sets the shortcut menu for the column. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyDataGridViewGets the DataGridView control associated with this element. (Inherited from DataGridViewElement.)
Public propertyDataPropertyNameGets or sets the name of the data source property or database column to which the DataGridViewColumn is bound. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyDefaultCellStyleGets or sets the column's default cell style. (Overrides DataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle.)
Public propertyDefaultHeaderCellTypeGets or sets the run-time type of the default header cell. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public propertyDisplayedGets a value indicating whether the band is currently displayed onscreen. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public propertyDisplayIndexGets or sets the display order of the column relative to the currently displayed columns. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyDividerWidthGets or sets the width, in pixels, of the column divider. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyFillWeightGets or sets a value that represents the width of the column when it is in fill mode relative to the widths of other fill-mode columns in the control. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyFlatStyleGets or sets the flat-style appearance of the button cells in the column.
Public propertyFrozenGets or sets a value indicating whether a column will move when a user scrolls the DataGridView control horizontally. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyHasDefaultCellStyleGets a value indicating whether the DefaultCellStyle property has been set. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public propertyHeaderCellGets or sets the DataGridViewColumnHeaderCell that represents the column header. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Protected propertyHeaderCellCoreGets or sets the header cell of the DataGridViewBand. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public propertyHeaderTextGets or sets the caption text on the column's header cell. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyIndexGets the relative position of the band within the DataGridView control. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public propertyInheritedAutoSizeModeGets the sizing mode in effect for the column. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyInheritedStyleGets the cell style currently applied to the column. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyIsDataBoundGets a value indicating whether the column is bound to a data source. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Protected propertyIsRowGets a value indicating whether the band represents a row. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public propertyMinimumWidthGets or sets the minimum width, in pixels, of the column. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyNameGets or sets the name of the column. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyReadOnlyGets or sets a value indicating whether the user can edit the column's cells. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyResizableGets or sets a value indicating whether the column is resizable. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertySelectedGets or sets a value indicating whether the band is in a selected user interface (UI) state. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public propertySiteInfrastructure. Gets or sets the site of the column. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertySortModeGets or sets the sort mode for the column. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyStateGets the user interface (UI) state of the element. (Inherited from DataGridViewElement.)
Public propertyTagGets or sets the object that contains data to associate with the band. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public propertyTextGets or sets the default text displayed on the button cell.
Public propertyToolTipTextGets or sets the text used for ToolTips. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyUseColumnTextForButtonValueGets or sets a value indicating whether the Text property value is displayed as the button text for cells in this column.
Public propertyValueTypeGets or sets the data type of the values in the column's cells. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyVisibleGets or sets a value indicating whether the column is visible. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public propertyWidthGets or sets the current width of the column. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodCloneCreates an exact copy of this column. (Overrides DataGridViewColumn.Clone().)
Public methodDispose()Releases all resources used by the DataGridViewBand. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Protected methodDispose(Boolean)Releases the unmanaged resources used by the DataGridViewBand and optionally releases the managed resources. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeReleases the resources associated with the band. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetPreferredWidthCalculates the ideal width of the column based on the specified criteria. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodOnDataGridViewChangedCalled when the band is associated with a different DataGridView. (Inherited from DataGridViewBand.)
Protected methodRaiseCellClickRaises the DataGridView.CellClick event. (Inherited from DataGridViewElement.)
Protected methodRaiseCellContentClickRaises the DataGridView.CellContentClick event. (Inherited from DataGridViewElement.)
Protected methodRaiseCellContentDoubleClickRaises the DataGridView.CellContentDoubleClick event. (Inherited from DataGridViewElement.)
Protected methodRaiseCellValueChangedRaises the DataGridView.CellValueChanged event. (Inherited from DataGridViewElement.)
Protected methodRaiseDataErrorRaises the DataGridView.DataError event. (Inherited from DataGridViewElement.)
Protected methodRaiseMouseWheelRaises the Control.MouseWheel event. (Inherited from DataGridViewElement.)
Public methodToStringGets a string that describes the column. (Overrides DataGridViewColumn.ToString().)
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  NameDescription
Public eventDisposedOccurs when the DataGridViewColumn is disposed. (Inherited from DataGridViewColumn.)
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The DataGridViewButtonColumn class is a specialized type of the DataGridViewColumn class used to logically host cells that respond to simple user input. A DataGridViewButtonColumn has an associated DataGridViewButtonCell in every DataGridViewRow that intersects it. Each cell supplies a user interface (UI) that is similar to a Button control.

To display the same button text for every cell, set the UseColumnTextForButtonValue property to true and set the Text property to the desired button text.

The default sort mode for this column type is NotSortable.

To respond to user button clicks, handle the DataGridView.CellClick or DataGridView.CellContentClick event. In the event handler, you can use the DataGridViewCellEventArgs.ColumnIndex property to determine whether the click occurred in the button column. You can use the DataGridViewCellEventArgs.RowIndex property to determine whether the click occurred in a button cell and not on the column header.

NoteNote

When visual styles are enabled, the buttons in a button column are painted using a ButtonRenderer, and cell styles specified through properties such as DefaultCellStyle have no effect.

Notes to Inheritors

When you derive from DataGridViewButtonColumn and add new properties to the derived class, be sure to override the Clone method to copy the new properties during cloning operations. You should also call the base class's Clone method so that the properties of the base class are copied to the new cell.

The following code example demonstrates how to use a DataGridViewButtonColumn to perform actions on particular rows. In this example, a DataGridView.CellClick event handler first determines whether a click is on a button cell, then retrieves a business object associated with the row. This example is part of a larger example available in How to: Access Objects in a Windows Forms DataGridViewComboBoxCell Drop-Down List.

public class Form1 : Form
{
    private List<Employee> employees = new List<Employee>();
    private List<Task> tasks = new List<Task>();
    private Button reportButton = new Button();
    private DataGridView dataGridView1 = new DataGridView();

    [STAThread]
    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    public Form1()
    {
        dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        dataGridView1.AutoSizeColumnsMode = 
            DataGridViewAutoSizeColumnsMode.AllCells;
        reportButton.Text = "Generate Report";
        reportButton.Dock = DockStyle.Top;
        reportButton.Click += new EventHandler(reportButton_Click);

        Controls.Add(dataGridView1);
        Controls.Add(reportButton);
        Load += new EventHandler(Form1_Load);
        Text = "DataGridViewComboBoxColumn Demo";
    }

    // Initializes the data source and populates the DataGridView control. 
    private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        PopulateLists();
        dataGridView1.AutoGenerateColumns = false;
        dataGridView1.DataSource = tasks;
        AddColumns();
    }

    // Populates the employees and tasks lists.  
    private void PopulateLists()
    {
        employees.Add(new Employee("Harry"));
        employees.Add(new Employee("Sally"));
        employees.Add(new Employee("Roy"));
        employees.Add(new Employee("Pris"));
        tasks.Add(new Task(1, employees[1]));
        tasks.Add(new Task(2));
        tasks.Add(new Task(3, employees[2]));
        tasks.Add(new Task(4));
    }

    // Configures columns for the DataGridView control. 
    private void AddColumns()
    {
        DataGridViewTextBoxColumn idColumn = 
            new DataGridViewTextBoxColumn();
        idColumn.Name = "Task";
        idColumn.DataPropertyName = "Id";
        idColumn.ReadOnly = true;

        DataGridViewComboBoxColumn assignedToColumn = 
            new DataGridViewComboBoxColumn();

        // Populate the combo box drop-down list with Employee objects.  
        foreach (Employee e in employees) assignedToColumn.Items.Add(e);

        // Add "unassigned" to the drop-down list and display it for  
        // empty AssignedTo values or when the user presses CTRL+0. 
        assignedToColumn.Items.Add("unassigned");
        assignedToColumn.DefaultCellStyle.NullValue = "unassigned";

        assignedToColumn.Name = "Assigned To";
        assignedToColumn.DataPropertyName = "AssignedTo";
        assignedToColumn.AutoComplete = true;
        assignedToColumn.DisplayMember = "Name";
        assignedToColumn.ValueMember = "Self";

        // Add a button column. 
        DataGridViewButtonColumn buttonColumn = 
            new DataGridViewButtonColumn();
        buttonColumn.HeaderText = "";
        buttonColumn.Name = "Status Request";
        buttonColumn.Text = "Request Status";
        buttonColumn.UseColumnTextForButtonValue = true;

        dataGridView1.Columns.Add(idColumn);
        dataGridView1.Columns.Add(assignedToColumn);
        dataGridView1.Columns.Add(buttonColumn);

        // Add a CellClick handler to handle clicks in the button column.
        dataGridView1.CellClick +=
            new DataGridViewCellEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellClick);
    }

    // Reports on task assignments.  
    private void reportButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        StringBuilder report = new StringBuilder();
        foreach (Task t in tasks)
        {
            String assignment = 
                t.AssignedTo == null ? 
                "unassigned" : "assigned to " + t.AssignedTo.Name;
            report.AppendFormat("Task {0} is {1}.", t.Id, assignment);
            report.Append(Environment.NewLine);
        }
        MessageBox.Show(report.ToString(), "Task Assignments");
    }

    // Calls the Employee.RequestStatus method. 
    void dataGridView1_CellClick(object sender, DataGridViewCellEventArgs e)
    {
        // Ignore clicks that are not on button cells.  
        if (e.RowIndex < 0 || e.ColumnIndex !=
            dataGridView1.Columns["Status Request"].Index) return;

        // Retrieve the task ID.
        Int32 taskID = (Int32)dataGridView1[0, e.RowIndex].Value;

        // Retrieve the Employee object from the "Assigned To" cell.
        Employee assignedTo = dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex]
            .Cells["Assigned To"].Value as Employee;

        // Request status through the Employee object if present.  
        if (assignedTo != null)
        {
            assignedTo.RequestStatus(taskID);
        }
        else
        {
            MessageBox.Show(String.Format(
                "Task {0} is unassigned.", taskID), "Status Request");
        }
    }

}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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