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DataGridView.ReadOnly Property

Gets or sets a value indicating whether the user can edit the cells of the DataGridView control.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

'Declaration
<BrowsableAttribute(True)> _
Public Property ReadOnly As Boolean

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
true if the user cannot edit the cells of the DataGridView control; otherwise, false. The default is false.

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

The specified value when setting this property is true, the current cell is in edit mode, and the current cell contains changes that cannot be committed.

Exception

The specified value when setting this property would cause the control to enter edit mode, but initialization of the editing cell value failed and either there is no handler for the DataError event or the handler has set the DataGridViewDataErrorEventArgs.ThrowException property to true. The exception object can typically be cast to type FormatException.

A cell is read-only if the value of the ReadOnly property is true for the cell, the cell's row, the cell's column, or the DataGridView.

The following code example illustrates the use of this property in a DataGridView control intended primarily for display. In this example, the visual appearance of the control is customized in several ways and the control is configured for limited interactivity. This example is part of a larger example available in the DataGridViewCellStyle class overview.

' Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control. 
Private Sub InitializeDataGridView()

    ' Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D

    ' Set property values appropriate for read-only display and  
    ' limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = True
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = True
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = False
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = False
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = False
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing

    ' Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black

    ' Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default 
    ' value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty

    ' Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows.  
    ' The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray

    ' Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black

    ' Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause 
    ' the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns("Last Prepared").DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y" 

    ' Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column.  
    Dim font As New Font( _
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold)
    Try
        dataGridView1.Columns("Rating").DefaultCellStyle.Font = font
    Finally
        font.Dispose()
    End Try 

End Sub

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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