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DataGridView.ColumnHeaderMouseClick Event

Occurs when the user clicks a column header.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public event DataGridViewCellMouseEventHandler ColumnHeaderMouseClick

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

When a column heading is clicked in a DataGridView, the default behavior is to order the grid rows based on the clicked column, or to reverse the sort order if the grid is already sorted by the clicked column. The following code example demonstrates how to use this event to perform a programmatic sort that emulates the default behavior of clicking a DataGridViewColumnHeaderCell when the default behavior has been disabled. In this example, the SelectionMode is set to ColumnHeaderSelect, so clicking the DataGridViewColumnHeaderCell selects the contents of the column. For the example code to function as intended, the default column header click behavior needs to be changed each time the data is loaded into the DataGridView. Add a DataBindingComplete event handler to provide the code that changes the default behavior. To run this example, paste the code into a form that contains a DataGridView named dataGridView1 and ensure that all events are associated with their event handlers.

private void dataGridView1_ColumnHeaderMouseClick(
    object sender, DataGridViewCellMouseEventArgs e)
{
    DataGridViewColumn newColumn = dataGridView1.Columns[e.ColumnIndex];
    DataGridViewColumn oldColumn = dataGridView1.SortedColumn;
    ListSortDirection direction;

    // If oldColumn is null, then the DataGridView is not sorted. 
    if (oldColumn != null)
    {
        // Sort the same column again, reversing the SortOrder. 
        if (oldColumn == newColumn &&
            dataGridView1.SortOrder == SortOrder.Ascending)
        {
            direction = ListSortDirection.Descending;
        }
        else
        {
            // Sort a new column and remove the old SortGlyph.
            direction = ListSortDirection.Ascending;
            oldColumn.HeaderCell.SortGlyphDirection = SortOrder.None;
        }
    }
    else
    {
        direction = ListSortDirection.Ascending;
    }

    // Sort the selected column.
    dataGridView1.Sort(newColumn, direction);
    newColumn.HeaderCell.SortGlyphDirection =
        direction == ListSortDirection.Ascending ?
        SortOrder.Ascending : SortOrder.Descending;
}

private void dataGridView1_DataBindingComplete(object sender,
    DataGridViewBindingCompleteEventArgs e)
{
    // Put each of the columns into programmatic sort mode. 
    foreach (DataGridViewColumn column in dataGridView1.Columns)
    {
        column.SortMode = DataGridViewColumnSortMode.Programmatic;
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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