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DataGridView.ColumnCount Property

Gets or sets the number of columns displayed in the DataGridView.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)
'Declaration
<BrowsableAttribute(False)> _
Public Property ColumnCount As Integer

Property Value

Type: System.Int32
The number of columns displayed in the DataGridView.
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

The specified value when setting this property is less than 0.

InvalidOperationException

When setting this property, the DataSource property has been set.

Setting the ColumnCount property to 0 will remove all columns from the DataGridView.

If ColumnCount is reset to a value less than the current value, columns will be removed from the end of the Columns collection. If ColumnCount is set to a value greater than the current value, columns will be added to the end of the Columns collection.

This property can be used with the RowCount property to create a simple DataGridView for displaying and editing text.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following code example demonstrates how to set the ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle, AutoSizeRowsMode, ColumnHeadersBorderStyle, CellBorderStyle, GridColor, BackgroundColor, RowHeadersVisible, SelectionMode, ColumnCount, and MultiSelect properties. In addition, the code example demonstrates how to set the DataGridViewColumn.Name and DataGridViewColumn.DefaultCellStyle properties. To run this example, paste the code into a form that contains a DataGridView named dataGridView1, and then call the SetUpDataGridView method from the form's constructor or Load event handler. Ensure all events are associated with their event handlers.

Private Sub SetUpDataGridView()

    Me.Controls.Add(dataGridView1)
    dataGridView1.ColumnCount = 5

    With dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle
        .BackColor = Color.Navy
        .ForeColor = Color.White
        .Font = New Font(dataGridView1.Font, FontStyle.Bold)
    End With 

    With dataGridView1
        .EditMode = DataGridViewEditMode.EditOnEnter
        .Name = "dataGridView1"
        .Location = New Point(8, 8)
        .Size = New Size(500, 300)
        .AutoSizeRowsMode = _
            DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.DisplayedCellsExceptHeaders
        .ColumnHeadersBorderStyle = _
            DataGridViewHeaderBorderStyle.Raised
        .CellBorderStyle = _
            DataGridViewCellBorderStyle.Single
        .GridColor = SystemColors.ActiveBorder
        .RowHeadersVisible = False

        .Columns(0).Name = "Release Date"
        .Columns(1).Name = "Track"
        .Columns(1).DefaultCellStyle.Alignment = DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter
        .Columns(2).Name = "Title"
        .Columns(3).Name = "Artist"
        .Columns(4).Name = "Album" 

        ' Make the font italic for row four.
        .Columns(4).DefaultCellStyle.Font = _
            New Font(Control.DefaultFont, _
                FontStyle.Italic)

        .SelectionMode = _
            DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect
        .MultiSelect = False

        .BackgroundColor = Color.Honeydew

        .Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    End With 

End Sub

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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