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DataGridView.CellPainting Event

Occurs when a cell needs to be drawn.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

'Declaration
Public Event CellPainting As DataGridViewCellPaintingEventHandler
'Usage
Dim instance As DataGridView 
Dim handler As DataGridViewCellPaintingEventHandler 

AddHandler instance.CellPainting, handler

You can handle this event to customize the appearance of cells in the control. You can paint entire cells yourself, or paint specific parts of cells and use the DataGridViewCellPaintingEventArgs.PaintBackground or DataGridViewCellPaintingEventArgs.PaintContent methods to paint other parts. You can also use the VisualStyleRenderer class to paint standard controls using the current theme. For more information, see Rendering Controls with Visual Styles. If you are using Visual Studio 2005, you also have access to a large library of standard images that you can use with the DataGridView control.

Visual Studio 2005 Image Library
Visual Studio 2008 Image Library
Visual Studio Image Library

When handling this event, you should access the cell through the parameters of the event handler, rather than access the cell directly.

For more information about handling events, see Consuming Events.

The following code example illustrates how to use this event to customize the appearance of all cells in a particular column.

This code is part of a larger example available in How to: Customize the Appearance of Cells in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

Private Sub dataGridView1_CellPainting(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellPaintingEventArgs) _
    Handles dataGridView1.CellPainting

    If Me.dataGridView1.Columns("ContactName").Index = _
        e.ColumnIndex AndAlso e.RowIndex >= 0 Then 

        Dim newRect As New Rectangle(e.CellBounds.X + 1, e.CellBounds.Y + 1, _
            e.CellBounds.Width - 4, e.CellBounds.Height - 4)
        Dim backColorBrush As New SolidBrush(e.CellStyle.BackColor)
        Dim gridBrush As New SolidBrush(Me.dataGridView1.GridColor)
        Dim gridLinePen As New Pen(gridBrush)

        Try 

            ' Erase the cell.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(backColorBrush, e.CellBounds)

            ' Draw the grid lines (only the right and bottom lines; 
            ' DataGridView takes care of the others).
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(gridLinePen, e.CellBounds.Left, _
                e.CellBounds.Bottom - 1, e.CellBounds.Right - 1, _
                e.CellBounds.Bottom - 1)
            e.Graphics.DrawLine(gridLinePen, e.CellBounds.Right - 1, _
                e.CellBounds.Top, e.CellBounds.Right - 1, _
                e.CellBounds.Bottom)

            ' Draw the inset highlight box.
            e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(Pens.Blue, newRect)

            ' Draw the text content of the cell, ignoring alignment. 
            If (e.Value IsNot Nothing) Then
                e.Graphics.DrawString(CStr(e.Value), e.CellStyle.Font, _
                Brushes.Crimson, e.CellBounds.X + 2, e.CellBounds.Y + 2, _
                StringFormat.GenericDefault)
            End If
            e.Handled = True 

        Finally
            gridLinePen.Dispose()
            gridBrush.Dispose()
            backColorBrush.Dispose()
        End Try 

    End If 

End Sub

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

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