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Control.LostFocus Event

Occurs when the control loses focus.

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

'Declaration
<BrowsableAttribute(False)> _
Public Event LostFocus As EventHandler

When you change the focus by using the keyboard (TAB, SHIFT+TAB, and so on), by calling the Select or SelectNextControl methods, or by setting the ContainerControl.ActiveControl property to the current form, focus events occur in the following order:

  1. Enter

  2. GotFocus

  3. Leave

  4. Validating

  5. Validated

  6. LostFocus

When you change the focus by using the mouse or by calling the Focus method, focus events occur in the following order:

  1. Enter

  2. GotFocus

  3. LostFocus

  4. Leave

  5. Validating

  6. Validated

If the CausesValidation property is set to false, the Validating and Validated events are suppressed.

If the Cancel property of the CancelEventArgs is set to true in the Validating event delegate, all events that would usually occur after the Validating event are suppressed.

NoteNote

The GotFocus and LostFocus events are low-level focus events that are tied to the WM_KILLFOCUS and WM_SETFOCUS Windows messages. Typically, the GotFocus and LostFocus events are only used when updating UICues or when writing custom controls. Instead the Enter and Leave events should be used for all controls except the Form class, which uses the Activated and Deactivate events. For more information about the GotFocus and LostFocus events, see the WM_SETFOCUS and WM_KILLFOCUS topics in the "Keyboard Input Reference" section in the MSDN library at http://msdn.microsoft.com/library.

Caution noteCaution

Do not attempt to set focus from within the Enter, GotFocus, Leave, LostFocus, Validating, or Validated event handlers. Doing so can cause your application or the operating system to stop responding. For more information, see the WM_KILLFOCUS topic in the "Keyboard Input Reference" section, and the "Message Deadlocks" section of the "About Messages and Message Queues" topic in the MSDN library at http://msdn.microsoft.com/library.

For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

The following code example demonstrates validating the text for TextBox1. It also demonstrates handling the LostFocus event by setting the FileDialog.InitialDirectory property to the text in TextBox1. The code example used the ErrorProvider.GetError method to check for an error before opening the file dialog box. To run this example, paste the following code into a form containing a TextBox named TextBox1, an OpenFileDialog named OpenFileDialog1, a Button named Button1, and an ErrorProvider named ErrorProvider1. Ensure all events are associated with their event handlers.

Private Sub TextBox1_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, _
ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) _
Handles TextBox1.Validating

    ' If nothing is entered, 
    ' an ArgumentException is caught; if an invalid directory is entered,  
    ' a DirectoryNotFoundException is caught. An appropriate error message  
    ' is displayed in either case. 
    Try 
        Dim directory As New System.IO.DirectoryInfo(TextBox1.Text)
        directory.GetFiles()
        ErrorProvider1.SetError(TextBox1, "")

    Catch ex1 As System.ArgumentException
        ErrorProvider1.SetError(TextBox1, "Please enter a directory")

    Catch ex2 As System.IO.DirectoryNotFoundException
        ErrorProvider1.SetError(TextBox1, _
        "The directory does not exist." & _
        "Try again with a different directory.")
    End Try 

End Sub 

' This method handles the LostFocus event for TextBox1 by setting the  
' dialog's InitialDirectory property to the text in TextBox1. 
Private Sub TextBox1_LostFocus(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles TextBox1.LostFocus
    OpenFileDialog1.InitialDirectory = TextBox1.Text
End Sub 


' This method demonstrates using the ErrorProvider.GetError method  
' to check for an error before opening the dialog box. 
Private Sub Button1_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

    'If there is no error, then open the dialog box. 
    If ErrorProvider1.GetError(TextBox1) = "" Then 
        Dim dialogResult As DialogResult = OpenFileDialog1.ShowDialog()
    End If 

End Sub
The following code example demonstrates validating the TextBox1 object's text. 
It also demonstrates handling the text box’s LostFocus event by setting the file dialog's InitialDirectory
property to the text in TextBox1. The code example used the ErrorProvider.GetError method to check for an error before opening the file dialog.

To run this example paste the following code into a form containing a TextBox named TextBox1, an OpenFileDialog named OpenFileDialog1, a button named Button1, and an ErrorProvider named ErrorProvider1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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