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Application.DoEvents Method

Processes all Windows messages currently in the message queue.

[Visual Basic]
Public Shared Sub DoEvents()
[C#]
public static void DoEvents();
[C++]
public: static void DoEvents();
[JScript]
public static function DoEvents();

Remarks

When you run a Windows Form, it creates the new form, which then waits for events to handle. Each time the form handles an event, it processes all the code associated with that event. All other events wait in the queue. While your code handles the event, your application does not respond. For example, the window does not repaint if another window is dragged on top.

If you call DoEvents in your code, your application can handle the other events. For example, if you have a form that adds data to a ListBox and add DoEvents to your code, your form repaints when another window is dragged over it. If you remove DoEvents from your code, your form will not repaint until the click event handler of the button is finished executing.

Typically, you use this method in a loop to process messages.

CAUTION   Calling this method can cause code to be re-entered if a message raises an event.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#] The following code example demonstrates handling the FileOk Event and using the Application.DoEvents method. When the example runs, a user can select graphics files from an OpenFileDialog object. The selected files are displayed in the form. The DoEvents method forces a repaint of the form for each graphics file opened.To run this example paste the following code in a form containing a PictureBox named PictureBox1, an OpenFileDialog named OpenFileDialog1, and a button named fileButton. Call the InitializePictureBox and InitializeOpenFileDialog methods from the form's constructor or Load method. The example also assumes that the Click event of the Button control and the FileOK event of the OpenFileDialog are connected to the event handling methods defined in the example. When the example is running, display the dialog by clicking the button.

[Visual Basic] 
Private Sub InitializePictureBox()
    Me.PictureBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.PictureBox
    Me.PictureBox1.BorderStyle = _
        System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle
    Me.PictureBox1.SizeMode = PictureBoxSizeMode.StretchImage
    Me.PictureBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(72, 112)
    Me.PictureBox1.Name = "PictureBox1"
    Me.PictureBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(160, 136)
    Me.PictureBox1.TabStop = False
End Sub

Private Sub InitializeOpenFileDialog()
    Me.OpenFileDialog1 = New System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog

    ' Set the file dialog to filter for graphics files.
    Me.OpenFileDialog1.Filter = _
    "Images (*.BMP;*.JPG;*.GIF)|*.BMP;*.JPG;*.GIF|All files (*.*)|*.*"

    ' Allow the user to select multiple images.
    Me.OpenFileDialog1.Multiselect = True
    Me.OpenFileDialog1.Title = "My Image Browser"
End Sub

Private Sub fileButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
    ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles FileButton.Click
    OpenFileDialog1.ShowDialog()
End Sub


' This method handles the FileOK event.  It opens each file 
' selected and loads the image from a stream into PictureBox1.
Private Sub OpenFileDialog1_FileOk(ByVal sender As Object, _
ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) _
 Handles OpenFileDialog1.FileOk

    Me.Activate()
    Dim file, files() As String
    files = OpenFileDialog1.FileNames

    ' Open each file and display the image in PictureBox1.
    ' Call Application.DoEvents to force a repaint after each
    ' file is read.        
    For Each file In files
        Dim fileInfo As System.IO.FileInfo = New System.IO.FileInfo(file)
        Dim fileStream As System.IO.FileStream = fileInfo.OpenRead()
        PictureBox1.Image = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(fileStream)
        Application.DoEvents()
        fileStream.Close()

        ' Call Sleep so the picture is briefly displayed, 
        'which will create a slide-show effect.
        System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(2000)
    Next
    PictureBox1.Image = Nothing
End Sub


[C#] 
private void InitializePictureBox()
{
    this.PictureBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.PictureBox();
    this.PictureBox1.BorderStyle = 
        System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle;
    this.PictureBox1.SizeMode = PictureBoxSizeMode.StretchImage;
    this.PictureBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(72, 112);
    this.PictureBox1.Name = "PictureBox1";
    this.PictureBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(160, 136);
    this.PictureBox1.TabIndex = 6;
    this.PictureBox1.TabStop = false;
}

private void InitializeOpenFileDialog()
{
    this.OpenFileDialog1 = new System.Windows.Forms.OpenFileDialog();

    // Set the file dialog to filter for graphics files.
    this.OpenFileDialog1.Filter = 
        "Images (*.BMP;*.JPG;*.GIF)|*.BMP;*.JPG;*.GIF|" + 
        "All files (*.*)|*.*";

    // Allow the user to select multiple images.
    this.OpenFileDialog1.Multiselect = true;
    this.OpenFileDialog1.Title = "My Image Browser";
    
}

private void fileButton_Click(System.Object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
    OpenFileDialog1.ShowDialog();
}


// This method handles the FileOK event.  It opens each file 
// selected and loads the image from a stream into PictureBox1.
private void OpenFileDialog1_FileOk(object sender, 
    System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs e)
{

    this.Activate();
     string[] files = OpenFileDialog1.FileNames;

    // Open each file and display the image in PictureBox1.
    // Call Application.DoEvents to force a repaint after each
    // file is read.        
    foreach (string file in files )
    {
        System.IO.FileInfo fileInfo = new System.IO.FileInfo(file);
        System.IO.FileStream fileStream = fileInfo.OpenRead();
        PictureBox1.Image = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(fileStream);
        Application.DoEvents();
        fileStream.Close();

        // Call Sleep so the picture is briefly displayed, 
        //which will create a slide-show effect.
        System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(2000);
    }
    PictureBox1.Image = null;
}

[C++, JScript] No example is available for C++ or JScript. To view a Visual Basic or C# example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework

See Also

Application Class | Application Members | System.Windows.Forms Namespace | Exit | ExitThread | Run

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